Presentation on theme: "Westward Expansion and Slavery. 1.As the United States expanded westward, the conflict over slavery grew more bitter and threatened to tear the country."— Presentation transcript:
1.As the United States expanded westward, the conflict over slavery grew more bitter and threatened to tear the country apart. 2.The issue was always whether the number of “free states” and “slave states” would be balanced, thus affecting power in the Congress.
3.Congress made a number of compromises to keep the balance of free and slave states equal
Congressional Compromises on Westward Movement and Slavery
Missouri Compromise (1820) Missouri would enter US as a slave state, Maine a free state Line drawn across country at 36’30” degrees latitude All new states above the line are free states and below the line are slave states
Kansas-Nebraska Act Gave people in Kansas and Nebraska the choice whether to allow slavery in their states (“popular sovereignty”). Violated the Missouri Compromise line which upset people in the north