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Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries Karin Lindgren, Innventia.

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Presentation on theme: "Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries Karin Lindgren, Innventia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries Karin Lindgren, Innventia

2 2 INNVENTIA AB  Staff 270  Swedish R&D company  Serving customers globally  Pulp, paper, packaging, printing, new materials and biorefining Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

3 Lindgren Italic 4 Chemical pulping process Source: Aker Kvaerner

4 4 Biorefinery – Simultaneous production of fibres, energy and chemicals  Increasing costs –Energy and wood  Decreasing trend prices on pulp  Biorefinery is the solution –Handling of large volumes of biomass –New pulp mill products –New efficient separation processes –Add “side” processes  Innventia approach –Kraft/soda pulp mill platform –Focus on the major components –Efficient separation process and mill integration Lignin carbon fibres Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

5 Cellulose

6 6 Wood/plants- a mine for valuable polymers Cellulose SoftwoodsHardwoodsAgro/annual SprucePineBirch Euca. glob. Euca. urogr. Bagasse Cellulose % Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

7 7 Cellulose Products NanoCellulose Kraft Pulp Fibres Transparent Films Fibre PLA Composite Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

8 Lignin from black liquor - LignoBoost

9 9 Carbohydrates Extractives Lignin Black liquor 50% of the wood ends up in cooking liquor Wood to kraft pulp mill Pulp Cellulose products % of energy goes into the black liquor Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

10 10 Wood/plants – a mine for valuable polymers - lignin SoftwoodsHardwoodsAgro/annual SprucePine Euca. glob. Euca. urogr. HempBagasse Lignin, % Physical/chemical properties vary with species and process Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

11 11 The LignoBoost process Lignin OUT Recovery Boiler Digester Evaporation BleachingWood ChipsPulp/Paper Lignin IN Replacement of fossil fuel in lime kilns 50 L fuel oil ptp can be saved Wood Lime Kiln Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

12 12 The LignoBoost process Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

13 13 LignoBoost lignin – a new material C Na Ash S N 0.1 Typical composition, % Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

14 Kraft ligninLigno- sulphonate SolubilityAlkaliWater Ash content1%25% Sugar content2%10% S3%5%

15 15 Metso filter in Innventias lignin demo plant VPA chambers t lignin/h Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

16 16 Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries Fossil fuel in pulp mill lime kilns In Sweden ca tonne oil/year

17 17 Carbon fibres - High value application of lignin  Construction material in composites  Light Weight  High Strength and Modulus  High Resistans to Heat and Corrosion Expensive Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

18 Oil or renewable Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries 18

19 19 Manufacturing process of carbon fibres Raw material Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

20 Carbon fibres from lignin Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries 20

21 21 Lignin can make difference ton pulp/year 10% lignin extracted = ton … ton carbon fibres …can replace 40 % steel in cars Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

22  Water and gas cleaning  Main industrial source coal  Physical and chemical activation  Surface area up to 3000 m 3 /g Activated carbon from lignin Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries 22

23 23 Phenols from lignin Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

24 Hemicellulose from black liquor, chips, saw dust and forestry residues

25 25 Wood/plants – a mine for valuable polymers - Hemicelluloses SoftwoodsHardwoodsAgro/annual SprucePineBirch Euca. glob. Euca. urogr. HempBagasse Xylan, % Glucomannan, % Glucomannan degrades in alkali Xylan is relatively stable in alkali Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

26 26 Chip leaching* for salt and hemicellulose removal Chip kidney Developed for pre-treatment prior to kraft pulping Leaching liquor (acid or alkaline) Polymeric hemicellulose and inorganic ions Wood chipsTo processing pulping pelletizing gasification *Protected by patents: WO2004/050983, US2005/ , WO03/ Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

27 27 Xylan from black liquor  Industrial ultrafiltration trials with in-line ceramic membrane 2007  Laboratory membrane filtration unit at Innventia since 2003 Wood chips Unbleached pulp Principal outline of mill trial: Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

28 28 Polymeric Xylan from black liquor Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

29 29 Potential hemicellulose applications Gas barriers Hydrogels Fiber additives Polymers (PLA) Xylitol, furfural Sugar acids Emulsifiers Carboxymethylation Other applications 4-5 times higher surface charge Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

30 30 Wood xylan feedstock for lactic acid and PLA Acidic or enzyme hydrolysis Pentoses and hexoses Lactic acid Fermentation or alkaline oxidation Polymerization Polylactide (PLA) Hemicelluloses (glucomannan and/or xylan) Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

31 2G Ethanol from forestry residues

32 32 2G Ethanol  Acid/enzymatic pretreatment OR  Alkaline preteatment – can handle all wood/forestry residues/annual plants – good separation of cellulose and lignin – established technology Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

33 33 Alkaline fractionation Hydrolysis, Fermentation & Distillation Lignin Separation Energy Recovery Chemicals Recovery Forestry Residues Ethanol Sulphur-Free Lignin Electric Power Alkaline route from wood to ethanol CO 2 Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

34 34 2G Ethanol- Alkaline Process Will it work in practice? Yes!  Tested in mill and pilot scale trials  70 t soda pulp produced  40 m 3 pulp suspension used  700 litres of ethanol produced  S-free lignin produced Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

35 35 Biofuels Integrated Energy System Fibre processing Primary treat- ment Pulpwood Forestry/agri residues Pulp & Cellulose Chemicals and materials The Future Wood/Agri Pulp Mill Biorefinery - many options available Conver- sion Black liquor Heat & Power Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

36 36 Possible time frame for commercialization 2- 5 years > 5 years Lignin  Fuel oil replacement  Pellet additive  Dispersant  Activated carbon  Benzene  Phenol  Carbon fibres Xylan  Gas barrier  Fibre surface additive  Lactic acid, PLA  Polyesters Forestry residues  2G EtOH and S-free lignin  High quality pellets  Syngas  FT-diesel/DME Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

37 37 The pulp mill biorefinery Lignin Cellulose Bark Forestry residues Hemi- cellulose Extractives Lignin  Functional polymers  Bioactive compounds  DME  Ethanol  FT-diesel  Biooil  Heat  Electricity  Solid fuel  Lignin  Fiber additives  Barriers  Hydrogels  Phenols  Carbon fiber  Binders  Dispersants  Activated carbon Chemicals/Materials Energy Cellulose  Fibers  Derivatives  Nanocellulose Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries

38 Thank you for the attention Karin Lindgren, Production of Chemicals and Materials in Future Pulp Mill Biorefineries 38


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