2Three types of legal descriptions Metes and BoundsLot and BlockRectangular System (Public Land Survey System)Often combinations of the types are used.
3Metes and BoundsMetes and bounds is a method of describing and locating property from a starting point called a monument.Metes : measurements of property lines expressed in feet or meters between two points and a direction or orientationBounds: boundaries such as streams, streets, roads or adjoining properties.Monument (Point of beginning) : a fixed point such as a section corner, rock, tree or intersection of roadway.
5Lot and BlockLot and Block is a method the describes land by referring to a recorded plat, the lot number, the county, and the state.A legal lot and block must be filed with the county recorder as part of a plat, which is a map or plan of the a subdivision.
6Rectangular System (Public Land Survey System) Covers most of the western states and FloridaDevised by the US Bureau of Land ManagementBegan with Land Ordinance of 1785Wikipedia Link
7Rectangular System (Public Land Survey System) Based on reference linesMeridianBase LineEach portion is a single “great survey”31 total
10Townships and RangesUsing the baselines and meridians an arrangement of rows of blocks, called townships, is formed.Townships are numbered according to which horizontal row they are located in counted from the baseline in the north or south direction.Using the baselines and meridians an arrangement of columns of blocks, called ranges, is formed.Ranges are numbered according to which vertical column they are located in counted from the meridian in the east or west direction.
12TownshipsA Township is a square with sides approximately 6 miles long.Highline Community College is located in Township 22 North, Range 04 EastThis is approximately 132 miles north of the and 24 miles east of the intersection of the Willamette Meridian and Baseline which is located near Portland. (Wiki)
13SectionsEach Township is divided into 36 square sections approximately 1 mile wide on each side.A section is approximately 640 acres.Sections are numbered starting in the NE corner.
14SectionsEach Township is divided into 36 square sections approximately 1 mile wide on each side.A section is approximately 640 acres.Sections are numbered starting in the NE corner.
18Metes and Bounds Example King County Parcel Number 3321059053 That portion of the Southeast quarter of the Southeast quarter of Section 33, Township 21 North, Range 5 East W.M., records of King County, Washington, more fully described as follows: Commencing in the Northwest corner of said Section 33; THENCE South 00°21’33” West feet to the true point of beginning; THENCE continuing South 00°21’33” West feet; THENCE continuing South 89°10’49” East feet; THENCE continuing North 00°16’51” East feet; THENCE continuing North 89°14’29” West feet to the true point of beginning; LESS the portion for the roads.
19King County Database Description for King County Parcel Number 3321059053 iMAPQuarter Section MapBEG NW COR OF SE 1/4 OF SE 1/4 TH S W FT TO TPOB TH S W FT TH S E FT TH N E FT TH N W FT TO TPOB LESS POR FOR RDS
20Lot and Bounds Example from Lakeland Hills Division 4A Legal DescriptionPlat Record
22Highline Community College SE 1/4 of SW 1/4 of Section 16 Township 22 North Range 04 East And SW 1/4 of SE 1/4 of Section 16 Township 22 North Range 04 East What are the rough dimensions of campus? How many acres is the campus?
23Legal Description Abbreviations Snohomish County Abbreviations
24King County Quarter Section Maps This information is also accessible via iMAP.