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Legal Descriptions "The small landholders are the most precious part of a state." -Thomas Jefferson.

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Presentation on theme: "Legal Descriptions "The small landholders are the most precious part of a state." -Thomas Jefferson."— Presentation transcript:

1 Legal Descriptions "The small landholders are the most precious part of a state." -Thomas Jefferson

2 Legal Description A written passage or statement that defines property and is descriptive enough for the property to be differentiated from other properties and located without other evidence. ©iStockphoto.com

3 Legal Description In United States: Metes and Bounds –Original 13 states and HI, KY, ME,TN,TX, VA, WV Rectangular Survey System –Remaining 30 states Lot and Block –Used in conjunction with either of the other two systems

4 Metes and Bounds A system of land description that identifies a property by describing the shape and boundary dimensions of a unit of land based on its edge distances and bearing angles from a defined starting point.

5 Metes and Bounds Mete = boundary described by a distance and direction between property corners −North 30º West a distance of 567 ft Bound = boundary that is described less accurately −“Along the stone wall at the edge of Isaac Porcher’s property” Point of Beginning (POB) = a property corner from which the description originates; the starting point

6 Metes and Bounds “From the POB proceed N 67° 35’ E along said right of way line of State Road No.1 a distance of 120 ft.” Lines are described with respect to natural or artificial monuments and baselines. Line length is measured along a level plane. Directions are described using bearing angles with respect to the previous line.

7 Lengths Early metes and bounds 1 Chain = 100 links = 4 rods = 66 feet Today, lengths are typically given in decimal feet. –Example: ft (not 315’- 9”) Courtesy Smithsonian Institute, National Museum of American History

8 Bearings The deviation measured in degrees, minutes, and seconds from a known line or direction N25° 35’ 12”E North 25 degrees 35 minutes and 12 seconds east S22° 35’W South 22 degrees 35 minutes west Angle measure 1 degree = 60 minutes 1 minute = 60 seconds

9 N 25°35’ E 25° 35' N S EW

10 S 22°35’W N S EW 22° 35'

11 Metes and Bounds Example “From the POB proceed N 67° 35’ E along said right of way line of State Road No.1 a distance of 120 ft.” N S EW 67° 35' POB 120 ft

12 Metes and Bounds “…thence N 12° 45’ W a distance of 67 ft.” 12° 45' POB 67 ft N S EW N 67° 35' E 120'

13 Metes and Bounds POB N 12° 45' W 67 ' N 67° 35' E 120 ' N 78° 10 ' W 98 ' S 12° 45' E 63 ' S 11° 30' W 71 '

14 Rectangular Survey Thomas Jefferson Designed for the organization, division, and sale of government-owned frontier lands

15 Meridian and Base Lines Principal Meridian Base Line

16 Principal Meridians

17

18 6 miles (TYP) Range Lines

19 Township Lines 6 miles (TYP)

20 Townships T2N R2E T2S R1E T2S R2E T2S R1W T2S R2W T1S R2W T1S R1W T1S R1E T1S R2E T1N R2W T1N R1W T1N R1E T1N R2E T2N R1E T2N R2W T2N R2W

21 Each Township = 36 Sections

22 Each Section Section = 1 square mile = 640 acres Half Section 320 acres 80 acres Quarter Section 160 acres 40 acres 20 acres

23 Partial Sections Northwest 1/4

24 Evidence of Rectangular Survey Courtesy NASA SECTION

25 Rectangular Survey Example Township 1 South, Range 1 East, 3 rd PM, Section 25: S1/2 NW1/4

26 3 rd PM = 3 rd Principal Meridian Locate the Principal Meridian

27 Locate the Township Township 1 South, Range 1 East, 3 rd PM

28 Locate the Section Section 25

29 Locate the Subdivision S1/2 NW1/4 Township 1 South, Range 1 East, 3 rd PM, Section 25: S1/2 NW1/4

30 Lot and Block Provides for the subdivision of a tract of land –Divided into blocks consisting of many individual lots Inspired the term subdivision –Legal description recorded as lot number and block number of the named subdivision Used with metes and bounds and rectangular survey descriptions

31 Courtesy Register Mesne Conveyance, City of Charleston, SC Lot and Block

32 Image Sources Microsoft, Inc. (2010). Clip art. Retrieved May 25, 2010, from us/clipart/default.aspx Istockphoto (2010). Stock photograph. Retrieved May 25, 2010, from Register Mesne Conveyance Office, City of Charleston, SC.


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