Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Independent and dependent clauses. Learning Objective Today I will distinguish between independent and dependent clauses I will be able to write an analogy.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Independent and dependent clauses. Learning Objective Today I will distinguish between independent and dependent clauses I will be able to write an analogy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Independent and dependent clauses

2 Learning Objective Today I will distinguish between independent and dependent clauses I will be able to write an analogy for independent and dependent clauses. I will be able to write and punctuate complex sentences correctly.

3 Why are we going over this? Too many of you have included sentence fragments in your writing. In other words, you are not using complete sentences!

4 The Clause: Clauses ALWAYS have subjects and verbs Clauses are categorized into 2 groups: Independent (AKA main) Dependent (AKA subordinate) The independent clause can stand alone as a complete sentence or thought (not a fragment) The dependent clause CANNOT stand alone; it has a subject and verb, but is a fragment and DEPENDS on a main clause to make sense

5 An analogy to help: Think of the Main Clause as a manager. Think of the Subordinate Clauses as workers. The Subordinates cannot do the work without the Manager’s approval (otherwise, chaos ensues). Thus, any subordinate clause always needs a main clause to manage them.

6 Or if that didn’t make sense to you, try this one: The independent clause can be thought of as a parent. Whereas the dependent (subordinate) clauses can be thought of as the children. Hence, the children depend on the parents’ approval to do anything.

7 Can you think of another analogy that would work for independent and dependent clauses?

8 A related group of words with a subject and predicate is called a clause. A complex sentence contains an independent and dependent clause.

9 Independent clause Native Americans lived on the island until they were attacked. Dependent clause

10 Here’s a trick! You can check to see if a clauses is independent or dependent by using this following trick: At the beginning of the clause in question, add “It is possible that”

11 It’s possible that Example: Grew up in Palm Desert I am your 10th grade student this year at LQHS. Also to see what your personality was For example running, playing, jumping. Are any of these independent clauses?

12 Write I or D for independent or dependent clause. 1. if you live on an island______ 2. the tides affect your life______ 3. the water level rises_____ 4. when the tide comes in_____ 5. much of the beach disappears under water_____ 6. until the tide goes out_____

13 In the following sentences, identify the independent and dependent clauses. Although it was located next to a school, the Radiac Research Corporation was storing large amounts of medical waste. Cleopatra lived in ancient Egypt, which she ruled. When a crowd gathered for a public rally, the teens told the people about Radiac. Billy fell in the sewer on a neighborhood street as he was playing on a Saturday afternoon.

14 Furthermore, How do I punctuate two independent clauses that are closely related? USE A SEMICOLON! Or a period

15 Independent Clause: I need new school clothes. I will go to the mall. Because these sentences (independent clauses) are closely related, they can be joined with a semi-colon: I need new clothes ; I will go to the mall. Sub verb sub verb verb independent clause independent clause

16 If you start a sentence with a dependent clause, use a comma before the independent clause. USE A COMMA! Because I don’t have a car, I can’t go off campus for lunch today. ***If the dependent clause appears after the independent clause, you don’t need any punctuation! Whoo hoo! I can’t go off campus today for lunch because I don’t have a car.

17 Whenever you begin a sentence with a subordinating conjunction, use a comma. My cell phone rang in class. I answered it. Because my cell phone rang in class, I answered it. Last week’s sentence structure works here as well: My cell phone rang in class ; I answered it. Either way, rather than write two boring sentences punctuated with a period, you can now choose two different ways to write this sentence more effectively by using a more complex structure. sub verb sub verb independent clause dependent clause independent clause

18 Tools you need to remember: It’s possible that…

19 Also, here are some words that trigger the entrance of a dependent clause: Because When Though Unless Whenever While As long as As soon as In order that If Since Although After As As if Before So that Until

20 TASK- what’s cooking? Write one sentence for each following sentence recipe: Recipe #1: Two independent clauses closely related Recipe #2: Complex sentence starting with a dependent clause (use your list of trigger words) Recipe #3: Complex sentence ending with a dependent clause. Finally, write an analogy for independent and dependent clauses. Be sure to draw a picture to go with it!


Download ppt "Independent and dependent clauses. Learning Objective Today I will distinguish between independent and dependent clauses I will be able to write an analogy."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google