Presentation on theme: "CLAUSES AND PHRASES; COMPLEX SENTENCES"— Presentation transcript:
1CLAUSES AND PHRASES; COMPLEX SENTENCES THEME 2LESSON 9
2What is a phrase?A phrase is a group of words that does not have a subject or a predicate.A phrase cannot stand alone as a sentence.Examples:1. remembered for centuries2. a gesture of friendship
3Phrase or not a phrase??? Fell down in the hole. I stopped at the mall.Hit with a ball.He ran to the store.Picked up the stick.
4What is an independent clause? An independent clause contains both a subject and a predicate.It expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence.Examples:Larry lives in Italy.Mary is a teacher.
5Independent clause or not??? She ran to the store to pick up milk.Mr. Best is our principal.The dog.I am a good speller.
6What is a dependent clause? A dependent clause has a subject and a predicate, but it does not express a complete thought. It cannot stand alone as a sentence.Dependent clauses often begin with connecting words such as because, although, when, which, that, and since.Examples:when he laughedbecause I can’t
7Dependent clause or not???? Because she felt sleepy.He slept until noon.Mr. Miller is a doctor.Although it was finished.
8Complex SentencesComplex sentences are made up of an independent clause and a dependent clause.Example:When you arrived, I felt so happy.(dependent clause) (independent clause)The two clauses are joined by a comma!!!
9Add to the following clauses to make them complex sentences Add to the following clauses to make them complex sentences. Don’t forget the comma!!!When you finished your projectShe painted her room the color of pinkSebastian’s sister answered the phoneAlthough I lived in New York for a year