Imperialism – the extension of a nation’s power over other lands “new imperialism” vs. “old” Before they were more content Now they wanted total control over the territories
Economic motives – new markets and raw materials Rivalries – source of national power Social Darwinism and racism Social Darwinism – survival of the fittest Racism – race determines traits and capabilities Superior races will dominate the inferior races Moral Responsibility “the white man’s burden”
Indirect rule – local rulers allowed to keep their authority and status in a new colonial setting. Direct rule – local elites replaced with new imperial officials and rulers. Overall main goal was to exploit the resources of the land
CountryColony(ies)Direct or Indirect Rule United States Netherlands Great Britain France
CountryColony(ies)Direct or Indirect Rule United StatesPhilippinesDirect NetherlandsDutch East IndiesIndirect Great BritainSingapore, BurmaDirect FranceIndochinaDirect (south) and indirect (north)
Siam only independent nation Rivalry between Britain and France If you were the ruler, what would you do to stay independent? King Mongkut and King Chulalongkorn Promoted western learning Promoted relationships with both nations
Did not want the colonists to develop their own industries. Exported materials Used people as laborers High taxes Poor conditions Good economic system brought to some of the colonies.
Resistance came in three forms 1. Rule elite class 2. Peasant revolts (due to harsh plantation conditions) 3. Urban, westernized, educated middle class
3:00 Date – Introduction read over Pg and answer the two questions on the page. North Africa: Read the section and answer the reading check question and do the Critical thinking questions on page 458 about the Suez Canal. 6:00 Date – Central and East Africa Read the section and answer the reading check question on pg.459. Imagine you are a reporter investigating the “carving up of Africa” and expeditions of Africa. Write 4 questions that you would ask Livingstone, Stanley, or Leopold II.
9:00 Date – South Africa Read the section and answer the reading check question on pg 461 What were the ethnic problems and conflicts that consumed South Africa? Be sure to explain key people and events in the emergence of problems. 12:00 Date – Effects of Imperialism Read the section and answer the reading check question on pg. 463 What were the two opposing viewpoints on the effects of New Imperialism? Who was on which side? What were the supporting arguments? Which of the sides would you pick and why?
Britain France Germany Belgium
Ruled by the British East India Company sepoys – Indian soldiers hired to protect the company’s interests Rumors began over new rifle cartridges Charged with mutiny when refused to use rifles
Revolted but defeated by British troops due to lack of unity British government took over Queen Victoria’s “Jewel in the Crown” Direct rule through a viceroy – a governor who ruled as a representative of a monarch Helped fuel Indian nationalism
CauseEffect British Textiles Cotton crops School system Railroad, telegraph, telephone services
CauseEffect British Textiles Local industries shut down; women out of work Cotton crops Food production declined; thousands starved School system Elite Indian children taught in preparation for government and military positions Railroad, telegraph, telephone services Increased communication and transportation
1. What is the author conflicted about concerning his job? 2. What convinced the author that there was really an elephant on the loose? 3. What was the realization about “white man’s dominion in the East”? 4. What were the authors arguments for and against shooting the elephant? 5. What did the natives think of the author and other Europeans? 6. What were the reactions to his final choice?
Indian National Congress – group of Indians in support of Indian rights (particularly in government). Mohandas Gandhi – Indian lawyer to lead a nonviolent resistance movement for Indian independence. Rabindranath Tagore – Indian author during the cultural revival and aided the nationalist movement
You and your partner are to pick an event or topic from the given list and create a headline that might appear in either a British or Indian newspaper. Headline requirements Headline and byline Reflect the ideas of the newspaper it appears in
TOPICS TO CHOOSE FROMEXAMPLE Indian Nationals Congress (pg 469) Muslim League (pg ) Gandhi (return or movement) (pg 470) cultural revival (pg ) Rabindranath Tagore (pg 471) SEPOYS REVOLT! Hundreds of Britons Die in Mass Slaughter (to appear in a British newspaper)