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Imperialism WH CH 11. imperialism – a policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially.

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Presentation on theme: "Imperialism WH CH 11. imperialism – a policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially."— Presentation transcript:

1 Imperialism WH CH 11

2 imperialism – a policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially.

3 Social Darwinism - the application of Charles Darwin’s ideas about evolution and “survival of the fittest” to human societies – particularly as justification for imperialist expansion.

4 Berlin conference – a meeting at which representatives of European nations agreed upon rules for the European colonization of Africa.

5 Shaka - leader of the Zulu Nation in the early 19th century who created a large state with the use of warriors and military organization.

6 Boer – a Dutch colonist in South Africa. The Dutch word for farmer.

7 Great Trek – a migration of Dutch colonists out of British-controlled territory in south Africa during the 1830’s.

8 Boer war – a conflict lasting from 1899 to 1902, in which the Boers and the British fought for control of territory in south Africa

9 paternalism – a policy of treating subject (under control) people as if they were children, providing for their needs but not giving them rights.

10 assimilation - the social process of absorbing one cultural group into another

11 Menelik II - Ethiopian emperor ( ) who established independence from Italy.

12 geopolitics – a foreign policy based on a consideration of the strategic locations or products of other lands.

13 Crimean war – a conflict, lasting from , in which the Ottoman Empire, with the aid of Britain and France, halted Russian expansion in the region of the Black Sea.

14 Suez Canal - a manmade waterway connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, which was opened in 1869.

15 sepoy – an Indian soldier serving under British command.

16 “jewel in the Crown” – the British colony of India – so called because of its importance in the British Empire, both as a supplier of raw materials and as a market for British trade goods..

17 Sepoy Mutiny – an 1857 rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India.

18 Raj – the British- controlled portions of India in the years

19 Pacific Rim – the lands surrounding the Pacific Ocean – especially those in Asia.

20 King Monghkut – King of Siam (Thailand) who modernized his land and prevented European countries from taking over

21 Emilio Aguinaldo- Philippine leader of a rebellion against Spanish rule ( ) and an uprising against American authority

22 annexation - – the adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit.

23 racism – the belief than one race is superior to others.

24 Queen Liliuokalani - Ruler of Hawaii at time of American planters takeover


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