Presentation on theme: "Sec.3 British Rule In India. India Britain's main interest in Imperialism in India was the British East India company. This company controlled all trade."— Presentation transcript:
Sec.3 British Rule In India
India Britain's main interest in Imperialism in India was the British East India company. This company controlled all trade in India, it even had its own army.
The Sepoy mutiny The Company hired Indian soldiers known as Sepoys to help it. The major cause of the revolt was the spread of a rumor that the British were issuing Indian troops bullets that were greased with cow and pig fat.
Cows were sacred to Hindu’s Pigs could not be eaten by Muslims A group of seypoys refused to load their rifles, they were arrested and other Sepoys then rebelled against the British. Thousands were killed, the British finally put down the rebellion.
Jewel in the Crown As a result of the uprising, The British parliament transferred the powers of the East India company directly to the British gov’t. The title of Empress of India was bestowed on Queen Victoria. The people of India were now her colonial subjects, and India became her “Jewel in the crown”
Colonial Rule The British gov’t ruled India directly through a British official known as a viceroy (a governor who ruled as a representative of a monarch) About 3,500 British officials ruled 300 million people
Benefits of British rule New school systems Improved transportation (railroads) Better communications Brought some order and stability after badly divided population due to civil wars
Cost of British Rule British textiles destroyed local industry Peasants overtaxed by zamindars Cotton growing led to mass starvation Faced racist attitudes of the British, they were considered lower class and could never be as good as the Europeans
An Indian nationalist movement Indian national congress (INC) formed in 1885, to seek a share of the governing process. Mohandas Gandhi, became active in the independence movement. Becomes the founding father of non-violent resistance