2Collins type 1 writing What do you know about imperialism? (remember if you don’t know anything, then ask a question to get credit)
3What is imperialismImperialism= when a country takes over another country.
4Motives for imperialism Reason #1= Territory-European countries are competing against each other to see who can gain the most land from around the world. More land=more power
5Reason #2Money-You make money off another country by stealing their treasure and making the conquered people pay taxes.
6Reason #3 Resources ( coal, iron, oil, timber, rubber, etc.) -Most countries don’t have all the resources that they need. You can trade for what you need or steal it.These resources were needed to make things in the factories.
7Reason #4MarketsThe European countries and the U.S. would make things in their factories.Then, you need people to sell the finished products to. So, you conquer them, steal their resources, make something out of it and sell it back to them!
8Reason #5Religion-The European countries (Christian) believed they were helping countries by taking them over. They would conquer and then convert them and save primitive people from around the world from going to Hell.
9Connection between the Industrial Revolution and Imperialism? The Industrial rev. made countries stronger.How?They had advanced weaponsExample: rifles, modern ships, machine guns2. Industrialized countries had more $$$.-This meant they could spend more money on creating bigger armies and making more weapons.3. Better transportation- trains and modern ships move troops faster and can carry more supplies.
11Imperialistic countries It is all the countries who went through the Industrial revolution in the 1800s, who were the bullies.1. Great Britain (most imperialistic)2. France (2nd most land)3. Germany4. Italy5. Spain6. Portugal7. Belgium8. Netherlands9. Russia10. United States
12Who were the victims? 1. African countries 2. South-east Asian countries3. India4. China5. Japan
14Types of Imperialism1. old imperialism- a country sets up a trade post/fort along the coast of a country, but doesn’t take it over2. new imperialism (what we are studying)- a country completely takes over another country.
15Types of Rule Indirect rule -When a European country takes over another country and keeps the conquered government in charge.-the conquered government is like a puppet.-this type of rule is cheaper and there is less resistance.
16Type of rule#2 Direct rule -The European country takes over a country and places a European person in charge.
17Different Perspectives If your country was taken over by one of the European countries in the 1800s…A. List 2 positives1. modernized/technology2. expanded culture (learned English)B. List 2 negatives1. lost political independence2. treated as a 2nd class citizen3. resources stolen
18South-East AsiaThe British and French took over the majority of this part of the world.Britain= controlled Burma (to protect India colony)France=controlled French Indochina= Vietnam, Laos, and CambodiaIndependent country= Thailand= buffer zone between French and British colonies.
20AfricaSlavery became illegal by the 1800s. So, European countries started trading manufactured goods in exchange for a raw materials.Because of the huge amount of $$$ to be made, European countries carved up Africa, which became known as the “scramble for Africa.”
21Who was involved in the scramble? Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Spain, and PortugalBerlin Conference: European countries worked together and split up East Africa.The European countries drew the borders like we see today. (look at map of Africa to right)
22Independent African countries 1. Liberia- It was set up as a colony for former slaves from the U.S. After civil war, African Americans had option to stay in the U.S., or go live in Liberia.2. Ethiopia- They defeated the Italian army and became the only African country to ever defeat a European country in a war.
24ChinaPrior to the 1800s, China had always been a very powerful country. In fact, they were the most powerful country in the worldThe problem is that China didn’t go through the Industrial Revolution like the European countries.During the 1800s, the Qing dynasty was in charge.
25The ProblemThere was an unequal trade balance. Great Britain was buying more products from China than what China was buying from Great Britain.This meant the British were losing money and forced to trade gold for products like tea.
26Solution to the trade imbalance? The British begin to have their India colony grow opium and other drugs. The British begin selling the drug to the Chinese.The Chinese people got addicted and then were trading gold/silver for drugs. The Qing dynasty didn’t like this and told the British to stop.The British refused to stop and war resulted.
27The Opium WarThe British win this war because of their technological superiority.Prior to the war, European countries only could enter the Chinese city of Canton for trading.The Treaty of Nanjing ended the war.1. 5 coastal cities were opened for trade.2.tariffs lowered on British goods.3. China had to pay the costs of the Opium war.
28Definitions 1. Tariff- tax on imports/exports 2. Extraterritoriality- Europeans follow their own laws even when they live in native countries.
29Conquest of ChinaIt wasn’t just the British who were involved with China.Who was involved?Russia: took land in Northern ChinaJapan: took Taiwan and KoreaGermany: took the Shandong peninsulaGreat Britain and France: They took land as well.
31Why were many countries involved? The United States feared that all of China would be taken over.John Hay (U.S. secretary of state) issued “the open door policy.”Every country could trade with ChinaBy 1911, the Qing dynasty collapsed and went into a civil war for the next 20 years.
33JapanJapan is made up of 4 islands and it has a high population density.It was culturally isolated. They didn’t trade with anyone and resisted opening for trade.Japan was on the way to China. If you accidentally went to Japan or your ship sunk and you washed ashore, then you were arrested.
35In 1853, Commodore Matthew Perry led 4 U. S In 1853, Commodore Matthew Perry led 4 U.S. ships into Tokyo Bay with a note from the president.The note basically told Japans emperor to begin trading or else.Japan could see what was happening to nearby China. What was happening?
36Japanese options 1. Stick to old samurai ways 2. To modernize The Japanese went with option 2 before it was too late.
37StudyingJapan sent representatives to study all the best features from the best countries in the world and would copy them.Example:Germany: copied their army and constitutionUnited States: copied education systemGreat Britain: navy
38Japan modernizedBy the late 1800s, Japan had modernized and they wanted to become imperialistic like the European countries.1894-Japan defeats China in war1904-Japan defeats Russia in war1910-Japan took Korea-Japan was now the strongest Asian country and had become a world power.
39IndiaDuring the 1800s, the British had been increasing their presence in India.In 1857, “The Great Rebellion” or the First War of Independence occurred. There were rumors that the British were greasing their bullets in cow and pig fat.Why is this a problem?
40Who won the war? 40,000 British troops defeated 230,000 Indian troops. This British win because of their technological superiority.British were masters of creating civil wars.Hindus and Muslims fight each other instead of against the British.
41All of India was taken over by the British. India will be the “jewel” of the British empireThe India colony included India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.