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“I do not want to miss a good chance of getting us a slice of this magnificent African cake.” - King Leopold II of Belgium.

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Presentation on theme: "“I do not want to miss a good chance of getting us a slice of this magnificent African cake.” - King Leopold II of Belgium."— Presentation transcript:

1 “I do not want to miss a good chance of getting us a slice of this magnificent African cake.” - King Leopold II of Belgium

2 Thoughts to consider… ► Why do you think that there was such a demand for African land? ► Which nations do you think were most fought over among the European powers? ► Does this act of imperialism relate to any other acts in world history?

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4 Defining Key Concepts… ► IMPERIALISM: the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies ► COLONIZATION: the control or governing influence of a nation over a dependent country, territory, or people (to settle an area and take control)

5 Africa in the 1800’s ► Continent made up of hundreds of ethnic groups and languages ► Slave trade ► European trading posts only along coasts ► Emissaries sent to investigate

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8 Europeans Colonize Africa ► Why Africa?!  Natural resources & raw materials (industrialization)  To build empires (nationalism) ► NATIONALISM: Devotion to one's nation; love of your country & willingness to sacrifice anything for it  Spread Christianity  Racism? ► Superiority v. Inferiority ► Civilized v. Uncivilized ► Three “G’s”: GOLD, GLORY, & GOD

9 “The sun never sets on the British Empire…” ► European competition for colonies leads to establishing empires…

10 Factors Enabling Colonization ► Inter-European power struggles and competition for preeminence (the fact of surpassing all others; superiority) ► Ethnic conflicts in Africa ► New advances in medicine  Malaria vaccine, Penicillin ► Industrialization  New technology among the Europeans ► Weapons, Steamships, Railroads  Social problems?

11 Industrial Revolution ► INDUSTRIALIZATION : the development of a society ► It refers to the large-scale production process of machines and new technologies that allow a society to move forward.

12 Industrial Revolution ► European countries needed natural resources & raw materials (rubber, metals, minerals) ► Africa had a plethora (overabundance) of natural resources ► New markets for goods

13 Everyone wants a piece of the magnificent African cake… ► “Scramble for Africa”: Prospects of exploiting African resources that resulted in nationalist rivalries between European empires for control of Africa ► Berlin Conference: Meeting proposed by German chancellor Otto von Bismarck to devise ground rules with 14 European states for the colonization of Africa

14 SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA ► The “scramble for Africa” took place between 1875 and 1900 ► Geographical information compiled by explorers & adventurers held great interest for European imperialists ► Henry Stanley of Belgium established a colony called Congo Free State, 18070’s ► Taking advantage of Egypt’s unrest, Britain occupied Egypt, 1882

15 Berlin Conference ► ► European leaders wanted to avoid war…  Agree upon carving up African continent into colonies  Drawn up without African participation  Provided the basis for the subsequent partition (break up), invasion, and colonization of Africa by various European powers  European armies sent to consolidate their claims & impose colonial rule

16 Berlin Conference ► RESULT: a transformation of political & economic Africa, with virtually all parts of the continent colonized by 1900  European colonies embraced all of Africa except Ethiopia & Liberia

17 Simulation…

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19 Debriefing… ► What areas did you get for your country? ► What areas did your country actually get? ► How fair was this for Europeans? ► How fair was this for Africans?

20 Impacts & Effects of European Rule ► African people had little power in their governments ► Europeans gained power in part by encouraging rivalries among ethnic groups ► Europeans took the best land to farm ► Drew political boundaries that divided ethnic groups & forced different groups to live together

21 Ticket to Leave… ► Complete AFRICAN COLONIZATION TICKET-TO-LEAVE ► When finished, stick in period 7 bin! ► If time, you may begin your homework: Berlin Conference Diary Entry Assignment…


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