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Agriculture Test Blake Peterson and Emma Richardson
-is a chemical process that converts carbon dioxide into organic compounds, especially sugars, using the energy from sunlight
It is a part of the water cycle, and it is the loss of water vapor from parts of plants (similar to sweating), especially in leaves but also in stems, flowers and roots.
Opposite of photosynthesis. Breaths in sugars and oxygen, then releases carbon dioxide and water.
Fibrous Root A root system made up of many threadlike members of more or less equal length, as in most grasses.
Tap Root A primary root that grows vertically downward and gives off small lateral roots.
Stems The main ascending axis of a plant; a stalk or trunk.
Complete Flower A flower having all four floral parts: sepals, petals, stamens, and carpels.
Cambium A lateral meristem in vascular plants, including the vascular cambium and cork cambium, that forms parallel rows of cells resulting in secondary tissues.
Xylem The supporting and water-conducting tissue of vascular plants, consisting primarily of tracheids and vessels; woody tissue.
Phloem The food-conducting tissue of vascular plants, consisting of sieve tubes, fibers, parenchyma, and sclereids. Also called bast.
Incomplete Flower A flower lacking sepals, petals, stamens, or pistils.
Ovary A part of the female reproductive organ of the flower.
Stigma The receptive apex of the pistil of a flower, on which pollen is deposited at pollination.
Ovule A minute structure in seed plants, containing the embryo sac and surrounded by the nucellus, that develops into a seed after fertilization.
Style The usually slender part of a pistil, situated between the ovary and the stigma.
Pistil The female, ovule-bearing organ of a flower, including the stigma, style, and ovary.
Stamen The pollen-producing reproductive organ of a flower, usually consisting of a filament and an anther.
Anther The pollen-bearing part of the stamen.
Filament The stalk that bears the anther in a stamen.
Embryo The minute, rudimentary plant contained within a seed or an archegonium.
Seed A ripened plant ovule containing an embryo.
Endosperm The nutritive tissue within seeds of flowering plants, surrounding and absorbed by the embryo.
Seed Coat The outer protective covering of a seed.
Leaves A usually green, flattened, lateral structure attached to a stem and functioning as a principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration in most plants.
Pollen The fine powderlike material consisting of pollen grains that is produced by the anthers of seed plants.
Chloroplast A chlorophyll-containing plastid found in algal and green plant cells.
Sepal One of the separate, usually green parts forming the calyx of a flower.
Receptacle The expanded tip of a flower stalk or axis that bears the floral organs or the group of flowers in a head.
Tropism The turning or bending movement of an organism or a part toward or away from an external stimulus, such as light, heat, or gravity.
Fertilization The act or process of initiating biological reproduction by insemination or pollination.
Germination To begin to sprout or grow.
Asexual Propagation Grafting When plants are grown with human assistance.
Separating, and Sexual Propagation The natural combination of pollen and stamen to produce seeds.
Corm A short thick solid food-storing underground stem, sometimes bearing papery scale leaves, as in the crocus or gladiolus.
Bud A small protuberance on a stem or branch, sometimes enclosed in protective scales and containing an undeveloped shoot, leaf, or flower.
Terminal Bud The bud located at the end of a twig marking the end of that year's growth.
Bulb A short, modified, underground stem surrounded by usually fleshy modified leaves that contain stored food for the shoot within.
Bud Scar Crater-like ring of chitinousscar tissue located on the surface of the mother cell.
Leaf Scar The mark left on a twig after a leaf falls.
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