4Other Terms Petiole- leaf stalk of a plant. Epidermis- single layer of cells which protect the leaf from loss of too much moisture.Transpiration- when plants give off moisture and exchange gases such as oxygen and carbon dioxide.Respiration- consumption of oxygen and giving off carbon dioxide.
5Internal Leaf Structure Terms Chloroplasts- small green particles containing chlorophyll found in leaves.Chlorophyll- green substance found in plants which gives color and necessary for photosynthesis.
6How Photosynthesis Occurs Photosynthesis- process by which Carbon Dioxide and Water in the presence of light are converted to Sugar and Oxygen.
7Chemical Equation for Photosynthesis 6 CO2 + 6H kcal= C6H12O6 + 6O2Carbon dioxide + water light energy = Sugar Oxygen
82 Main Functions of Stems Movement of water and minerals from roots upward to the leaves and the movement of manufactured food from the leaves down to the roots.Support leaves and reproductive structures.
9Other Plant TermsXylem- transports water and nutrients from the roots to the stem and leaves.Phloem- transports food from leaves through the stem to the roots.
10More Terms Cambium- produces all new cells. Monocot- have only one cotyledon (seed leaf).Dicot- plants having two seed leaves.Cotyledon- first leaves to appear on a plant.
11Main Functions of the Roots Anchor plant and hold it upright.Absorb water and minerals from the soil.Store large quantities of plant food.Propagate or reproduce some plants.
12Root cap- continuously produces all new cells as it pushes its way through the soil. Root hairs- absorbs moisture and minerals which are conducted to the larger roots and to the stem of the plant.
13Fibrous Root System vs. Tap Root System Figure 3.11 Those plants with fibrous root systems consist of many smaller roots spread out over the soil profile.Those plants with tap roots stand a greater chance of damage as a result of transplanting.
14How are seeds produced?ANSWER- through a sexual process with a male and female parent involved.Complete flower- has both male and female parts.Figure 3.12 (Parts of a complete flower)Draw and list parts
154 Main Parts of a Complete Flower 1 Sepal2 Petal3 Pistil4 Stamen
16DefinitionsSepals- the green leaf like parts of the flower that cover and protect the flower bud before it opens.Petals- act to attract insects for pollination.Stamen- male reproductive part of flower.a. Filament- short stalk of stamen.b. Anther- contains pollen (male sex cell).
17Female Parts of a Flower Pistil- female part of flower.a. Ovule- female sex seed or egg.b. Stigma- catches pollen.c. Style- tube that leads to ovary.d. Ovary- egg cell develops in ovary. After fertilization, the ovary grows to become a fruit or seed.
18Incomplete FlowersThose that have only the male or female reproductive parts, not both.