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Jeffersonian Era (1800-1826) Chapter 10, Lesson 1: A New Party in Power.

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Presentation on theme: "Jeffersonian Era (1800-1826) Chapter 10, Lesson 1: A New Party in Power."— Presentation transcript:

1 Jeffersonian Era ( ) Chapter 10, Lesson 1: A New Party in Power

2 Vocabulary: Ch. 10, Lesson 1 & 2 Laissez-faire Laissez-faire Customs duties Customs duties Twelfth Amendment Twelfth Amendment Conestoga wagon Conestoga wagon Louisiana Purchase: the purchase of Louisiana from France for 15 million dollars. Louisiana Purchase: the purchase of Louisiana from France for 15 million dollars. Secede Secede Due at 9:30 am on my desk.

3 Think-Pair-Share Brainstorm: What do you know about the ideas of the 1 st two political Parties (Federalists and Democratic Republicans)? Write one Paragraph (5-6 sentences) Brainstorm: What do you know about the ideas of the 1 st two political Parties (Federalists and Democratic Republicans)? Write one Paragraph (5-6 sentences) Who would you vote for? Why? {Pair Share} Who would you vote for? Why? {Pair Share} Class Vote {Whole Class Share} Class Vote {Whole Class Share}

4 Election of 1800

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6 Thomas Jefferson & Aaron Burr tie with 73 votes. Thomas Jefferson & Aaron Burr tie with 73 votes. House decided who is going to be president. House decided who is going to be president. Alexander Hamilton and House of Rep. controls the outcome—CHOSE JEFFERSON TO BE PRESIDENT! Why? Alexander Hamilton and House of Rep. controls the outcome—CHOSE JEFFERSON TO BE PRESIDENT! Why? Hamilton hates Burr more then Jefferson. Hamilton hates Burr more then Jefferson. Democratic-Republicans took control of Congress Democratic-Republicans took control of Congress Twelfth Amendment was added to the Constitution Twelfth Amendment was added to the Constitution President and Vice President run together in the same ticket (ballot)! President and Vice President run together in the same ticket (ballot)!

7 Jefferson as President Limit the power of the federal government— stated should have more power Limit the power of the federal government— stated should have more power Laissez-faire—let people be without the government getting in the way Laissez-faire—let people be without the government getting in the way Changes made by Jefferson Changes made by Jefferson Lowering the national dept Lowering the national dept Cutting military spending Cutting military spending Reducing the numbers of government workers Reducing the numbers of government workers Getting rid of most federal taxes Getting rid of most federal taxes Raised revenue ($) Raised revenue ($) customs duties (taxes on imported goods) customs duties (taxes on imported goods) Selling land in the West Selling land in the West

8 Activity: Lesson 1 Questions Complete Lesson 1 “A New Party in Power” Questions #1-5. Complete Lesson 1 “A New Party in Power” Questions #1-5. Due at 10:10 am on my desk. After you finish this you will complete the following Infographic.

9 Textbook: pg Complete the Infographic. Textbook: pg Complete the Infographic. Write & Answer: Questions #1 and #2. Write & Answer: Questions #1 and #2. Think about what each party supported. Think about what each party supported. 2. Critical thinking: Why do you think those areas in the USA supported Adams? Why do you think those areas in the USA supported Jefferson?

10 Chapter 10, Lesson 2 The Louisiana Purchase

11 Westward Ho! Mississippi boundary of USA in 1800, Louisiana Territory extended to Rocky Mountains

12 1800s Americans started to moved west 1800s Americans started to moved west Conestoga wagons carried their belongings Conestoga wagons carried their belongings Many settled along the Mississippi River became farmers— needed Mississippi River and New Orleans port to trade their goods Many settled along the Mississippi River became farmers— needed Mississippi River and New Orleans port to trade their goods

13 Jefferson wants Louisiana To prevent war with France over control of the Louisiana Territory and secure American trade To prevent war with France over control of the Louisiana Territory and secure American trade JEFFERSON SENDS JAMES MONROE & ROBERT LIVINGSTON TO PARIS. JEFFERSON SENDS JAMES MONROE & ROBERT LIVINGSTON TO PARIS. THEY ARE TO BUY NEW ORLEANS- CAN PAY AS MUCH AS $10 MILLION THEY ARE TO BUY NEW ORLEANS- CAN PAY AS MUCH AS $10 MILLION

14 Napoleon Bonaparte leader in France wanted Louisiana to control American lands. Napoleon Bonaparte leader in France wanted Louisiana to control American lands. He owned Santo Domingo (Haiti)—but Haitians rebelled and achieved independence. He owned Santo Domingo (Haiti)—but Haitians rebelled and achieved independence. Napoleon’s plans in America were ruined—he is forced to sell the entire Louisiana territory because he needed money to fight the War with Britain. Napoleon’s plans in America were ruined—he is forced to sell the entire Louisiana territory because he needed money to fight the War with Britain.

15 Louisiana Purchase April 30, 1803 Livingston & Monroe signed the Louisiana Purchase Treaty in Paris The United States paid $15 million for the land, roughly 4 cents per acre (football field) Original treaty can be found at: riginals_iv/sections/louisiana_purchase_treaty.html

16 Map of the Louisiana Purchase

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18 Jefferson’s Dilemma JEFFERSON IS A STRICT FOLLOWER OF THE CONSITUTION—CONSTITUTION DID NOT ALLOW HIM TO BUY LAND. JEFFERSON IS A STRICT FOLLOWER OF THE CONSITUTION—CONSTITUTION DID NOT ALLOW HIM TO BUY LAND. HOWEVER HE COULD MAKE TREATIES—HE DECIDED IT WAS ALRIGHT TO BUY THE LAND. HOWEVER HE COULD MAKE TREATIES—HE DECIDED IT WAS ALRIGHT TO BUY THE LAND. FEDERALIST ATTACK JEFFERSON FOR NOT FOLLOWING CONSTITUTION. FEDERALIST ATTACK JEFFERSON FOR NOT FOLLOWING CONSTITUTION.

19 Activity #1 : Quick Write Jefferson and the Democratic Republicans, believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution In your opinion, was the Louisiana Purchase an example of his Democratic- Republican beliefs? Or did Jefferson act more like a Federalist, using a “loose” interpretation of the constitution by purchasing Louisiana? Please explain your answer in two paragraphs. DUE: 10:05 AM

20 Activity #2: Review Questions Packet: Ch. 10, Lesson 2: Margin Questions Packet: Ch. 10, Lesson 2: Margin Questions Write questions and answers #2-5 Write questions and answers #2-5

21 Home Learning Read Chapter 10, Lesson 2 The Louisiana Purchase. Read Chapter 10, Lesson 2 The Louisiana Purchase. Write and answer the following Question: Write and answer the following Question: 1. Explain why French control of Louisiana Territory worried Jefferson. 2. How did the United States obtained the Louisiana territory? Explain your answer with details. 3. If you were heading west in a Conestoga Wagon. What would you bring and why? Explain your answer.

22 Lewis and Clark Expedition January 18, 1803 January 18, 1803 Jefferson asks Congress for funds to explore the land west of the Mississippi Jefferson asks Congress for funds to explore the land west of the Mississippi His goal is to find a water route to the Pacific His goal is to find a water route to the Pacific May 1804 May 1804 Meriwether Lewis and William Clark depart on the expedition Meriwether Lewis and William Clark depart on the expedition Map of Lewis and Clark’s Route Original map can be found at:

23 Lewis and Clark Expedition January 18, 1803 January 18, 1803 Jefferson sends a secret message to congress regarding the Lewis and Clark Expedition Jefferson sends a secret message to congress regarding the Lewis and Clark Expedition In this message Jefferson asks for permission to establish trading with the Indians In this message Jefferson asks for permission to establish trading with the Indians

24 Lewis & Clark lead expedition with the help of Sacajawea

25 Lewis & Clark ExpeditionLewis & Clark Expedition – 1804 – Set out from St. Louis explored over the Rockies to the Oregon coast Lewis & Clark Expedition increased scientific and geographic knowledge increased scientific and geographic knowledge developed routes for fur traders developed routes for fur traders increased relations with the Native Americans – especially through their interpreter, Sacajewea increased relations with the Native Americans – especially through their interpreter, Sacajewea

26 LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION ASCEND THE MISSOURI RIVER AND CROSS TO THE PACIFIC ASCEND THE MISSOURI RIVER AND CROSS TO THE PACIFIC SURVEY THE AREA AND ESTABLISH RELATIONS WITH THE INDIANS SURVEY THE AREA AND ESTABLISH RELATIONS WITH THE INDIANS

27 Lewis and Clark What resulted from the Lewis and Clark Expedition? Write two things. What resulted from the Lewis and Clark Expedition? Write two things. In other words, what were the most important accomplishments that came out of that expedition that helped Americans in the 1800s. In other words, what were the most important accomplishments that came out of that expedition that helped Americans in the 1800s.

28 Activity: Lewis and Clark Expedition: Then and Now Complete the Lewis and Clark’s Expedition: Then and Now Complete the Lewis and Clark’s Expedition: Then and Now READ the story about the major Indian Tribes they met in their journey. READ the story about the major Indian Tribes they met in their journey. WRITE the questions and answers with plenty of detail in a separate sheet of paper. Questions #1-4 WRITE the questions and answers with plenty of detail in a separate sheet of paper. Questions #1-4 DUE by ( 10: 05 am) DUE by ( 10: 05 am)

29 Quick Write You are leading an expedition to an unexplored part of the world. You are leading an expedition to an unexplored part of the world. 1. What skills would you look for when forming a team? You can take ten skilled people with you. 2. List the ten skills you would look for on your team.

30 Hamilton Vs. Burr Duel (1804) When two gentleman cannot settle an argument and ones honor is in question they use Pistols to settled it. Duel (1804) When two gentleman cannot settle an argument and ones honor is in question they use Pistols to settled it. Hamilton Supported Burr’s Opponent in the New York Governors race. Hamilton Supported Burr’s Opponent in the New York Governors race. Burr Challenges Hamilton and Kills him. Burr Challenges Hamilton and Kills him. Hamilton Never fires a shot. Hamilton Never fires a shot.

31 Hamilton vs. Burr

32 Evaluating Jefferson Positives Expands the size of the United States. “Louisiana Purchase” Expands the size of the United States. “Louisiana Purchase” Keeps US out of war Keeps US out of war Preserves neutrality Preserves neutrality Negatives Contradicts his own interpretation of the constitution. - Why? for the good of the country

33 Jefferson’s Legacy Expansion became prime goal Expansion became prime goal Creation of a democratic non-aristocratic government Creation of a democratic non-aristocratic government Total defeat of Federalists by 1816 Total defeat of Federalists by 1816 Jefferson kept the country out of a damaging European war Jefferson kept the country out of a damaging European war War of 1812 not until late in Madison’s first term. War of 1812 not until late in Madison’s first term.

34 THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE IS JEFFERSON’S GREATEST ACHIEVEMENT AS PRESIDENT.


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