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Chapter 10, Lesson 1: A New Party in Power

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1 Chapter 10, Lesson 1: A New Party in Power
Jeffersonian Era ( ) Chapter 10, Lesson 1: A New Party in Power

2 Vocabulary: Ch. 10, Lesson 1 & 2
Laissez-faire Customs duties Twelfth Amendment Conestoga wagon Louisiana Purchase: the purchase of Louisiana from France for 15 million dollars. Secede Due at 9:30 am on my desk.

3 Think-Pair-Share Brainstorm: What do you know about the ideas of the 1st two political Parties (Federalists and Democratic Republicans)? Write one Paragraph (5-6 sentences) Who would you vote for? Why? {Pair Share} Class Vote {Whole Class Share}

4 Democratic-Republicans
Election of 1800 Federalists Democratic-Republicans John Adams Thomas Jefferson Aaron Burr Charles Pinckney


6 Democratic-Republican
Election of 1800 Thomas Jefferson & Aaron Burr tie with 73 votes. House decided who is going to be president. Alexander Hamilton and House of Rep. controls the outcome—CHOSE JEFFERSON TO BE PRESIDENT! Why? Hamilton hates Burr more then Jefferson. Democratic-Republicans took control of Congress Twelfth Amendment was added to the Constitution President and Vice President run together in the same ticket (ballot)! The pre-election atmosphere in 1800 was colored by the Alien and Sedition Acts controversy, which had created much ill feeling between the contending parties. The Jeffersonian Republicans triumphed. Since 1796, they had control of New York State thanks largely to Aaron Burr's political skills; he had wrested control of the legislature from Alexander Hamilton. The bad news, however, was that the two Democratic-Republican candidates, Jefferson and Burr, garnered the same number of electoral votes; according to the Constitution, the matter was to be resolved in the House of Representatives. (See Article II, Section 1, Clause 3.) The Election of 1800 Candidate Party Electoral Vote Popular Vote Thomas Jefferson (VA) Democratic-Republican 73 * Aaron Burr (NY)< John Adams (MA) Federalist 65 C.C. Pinckney (SC) 64 John Jay (NY) 1 *Popular vote totals were not recorded until the Election of 1824. Thirty-six ballots were cast over five days to reach a decision. Once again Hamilton played a pivotal role, throwing his support to Jefferson, whom he disliked, rather than Burr, whom he truly hated. This election is sometimes referred to as the "Revolution of 1800" because it marked the transition from the Federalists, the only party to have held the presidency to that point, to the Democratic-Republicans of Jefferson. It appeared that major changes were in the offing. The dilemma posed by two candidates receiving an equal number of electoral votes was later addressed in Amendment XII.

7 Jefferson as President
Limit the power of the federal government—stated should have more power Laissez-faire—let people be without the government getting in the way Changes made by Jefferson Lowering the national dept Cutting military spending Reducing the numbers of government workers Getting rid of most federal taxes Raised revenue ($) customs duties (taxes on imported goods) Selling land in the West

8 Activity: Lesson 1 Questions
Complete Lesson 1 “A New Party in Power” Questions #1-5. Due at 10:10 am on my desk. After you finish this you will complete the following Infographic.

9 Textbook: pg. 275. Complete the Infographic.
Write & Answer: Questions #1 and #2. Think about what each party supported. 2. Critical thinking: Why do you think those areas in the USA supported Adams? Why do you think those areas in the USA supported Jefferson?

10 The Louisiana Purchase
Chapter 10, Lesson 2

11 Westward Ho! Mississippi boundary of USA in 1800, Louisiana Territory extended to Rocky Mountains

12 1800s Americans started to moved west
Conestoga wagons carried their belongings Many settled along the Mississippi River became farmers—needed Mississippi River and New Orleans port to trade their goods

13 Jefferson wants Louisiana
To prevent war with France over control of the Louisiana Territory and secure American trade JEFFERSON SENDS JAMES MONROE & ROBERT LIVINGSTON TO PARIS. THEY ARE TO BUY NEW ORLEANS- CAN PAY AS MUCH AS $10 MILLION

14 Napoleon Bonaparte leader in France wanted Louisiana to control American lands.
He owned Santo Domingo (Haiti)—but Haitians rebelled and achieved independence. Napoleon’s plans in America were ruined—he is forced to sell the entire Louisiana territory because he needed money to fight the War with Britain.

15 Louisiana Purchase April 30, 1803
Livingston & Monroe signed the Louisiana Purchase Treaty in Paris The United States paid $15 million for the land, roughly 4 cents per acre (football field) Original treaty can be found at:

16 Map of the Louisiana Purchase



19 Activity #1 : Quick Write
Jefferson and the Democratic Republicans, believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution In your opinion, was the Louisiana Purchase an example of his Democratic- Republican beliefs? Or did Jefferson act more like a Federalist, using a “loose” interpretation of the constitution by purchasing Louisiana? Please explain your answer in two paragraphs. DUE: 10:05 AM

20 Activity #2: Review Questions
Packet: Ch. 10, Lesson 2: Margin Questions Write questions and answers #2-5

21 Home Learning Read Chapter 10, Lesson 2 The Louisiana Purchase.
Write and answer the following Question: Explain why French control of Louisiana Territory worried Jefferson. How did the United States obtained the Louisiana territory? Explain your answer with details. If you were heading west in a Conestoga Wagon. What would you bring and why? Explain your answer.

22 Lewis and Clark Expedition
January 18, 1803 Jefferson asks Congress for funds to explore the land west of the Mississippi His goal is to find a water route to the Pacific May 1804 Meriwether Lewis and William Clark depart on the expedition Map of Lewis and Clark’s Route Original map can be found at:

23 Lewis and Clark Expedition
January 18, 1803 Jefferson sends a secret message to congress regarding the Lewis and Clark Expedition In this message Jefferson asks for permission to establish trading with the Indians

24 Lewis & Clark lead expedition with the help of Sacajawea
Lewis & Clark sent on an expedition to map and discover the Louisiana Territory. Along the way they utilize the knowledge and guiding of Indian Sacajewea. Lewis & Clark lead expedition with the help of Sacajawea

25 Lewis & Clark Expedition – 1804 – Set out from St
Lewis & Clark Expedition – 1804 – Set out from St. Louis explored over the Rockies to the Oregon coast increased scientific and geographic knowledge developed routes for fur traders increased relations with the Native Americans – especially through their interpreter, Sacajewea

Clark made most of the preparations, by way of letters to Jefferson. He brought two large buckets and five smaller buckets of salt, a ton of dried pork, and medicines. The group, initially consisting of 33 members, departed from Camp Dubois, near present day Hartford, Illinois, and began their historic journey on May 14, They soon met-up with Lewis in Saint Charles, Missouri, and the approximately forty men followed the Missouri River westward. Soon they passed La Charrette, the last white settlement on the Missouri River. The expedition followed the Missouri through what is now Kansas City, Missouri, and Omaha, Nebraska. On August 20, 1804, the Corps of Discovery suffered its only death when Sergeant Charles Floyd died, apparently from acute appendicitis. He was buried at Floyd's Bluff, near what is now Sioux City, Iowa. During the final week of August, Lewis and Clark had reached the edge of the Great Plains, a place abounding with elk, deer, buffalo, and beavers. They were also entering Sioux territory. The first tribe of Sioux they met, the Yankton Sioux, were more peaceful than their neighbors further along the Missouri River, the Teton Sioux, also known as the Lakota. The Yankton Sioux were disappointed by the gifts they received from Lewis and Clark—five medals—and gave the explorers a warning about the upriver Teton Sioux. The Teton Sioux received their gifts with ill-disguised hostility. One chief demanded a boat from Lewis and Clark as the price to be paid for passage through their territory. As the Indians became more dangerous, Lewis and Clark prepared to fight back. At the last moment before fighting began, the two sides fell back. The Americans quickly headed upriver until winter stopped them at the Mandan tribe's territory. In the winter of 1804–05, the party built Fort Mandan, near present-day Washburn, North Dakota. There, the group found themselves trapped in their shelter without food when a violent rainstorm hit. The Shoshone/Hidatsa native woman Sacagawea and her husband, French Canadian Toussaint Charbonneau, joined the group, and saved the corp group's lives by bringing the starving men fish. Unfortunately, the men were not used to the fish, and became ill. However, the group recovered and met Sacagawea. She enabled the group to talk to her Shoshone tribe from further west (she was daughter of the chief's brother), and trade food for gold and jewelry. (As was common during those times, she was taken as a slave by the Hidatsa at a young age, and reunited with her father on the journey.) She was able to aid them in translation, and she had some familiarity with the native tribes as they moved further west. The inclusion of a woman with a young baby (Sacagawea's son Jean Baptiste Charbonneau was born in the winter of ) helped to soften tribal relations since no war-party would include a woman and baby. In April 1805, some members of the expedition were sent back home from Mandan in the 'return party'. Along with them went a report about what Lewis and Clark had discovered, 108 botanical specimens (including some living animals), 68 mineral specimens, and Clark's map of the United States. Other specimens were sent back to Jefferson periodically, including a prairie dog which Jefferson received alive in a box. Lewis and Clark on the Lower Columbia by C.M. Russell The expedition continued to follow the Missouri to its headwaters and over the Continental Divide at Lemhi Pass via horses. In canoes, they descended the mountains by the Clearwater River, the Snake River, and the Columbia River, past Celilo Falls and past what is now Portland, Oregon. At this point, Lewis spotted Mt. Hood, a mountain known to be very close to the ocean. On a big pine, Clark carved "William Clark December 3rd By land from the U.States in 1804 & 1805"[4] Clark had written in his journal, "Ocian [sic] in view! O! The Joy!". One journal entry is captioned "Cape Disappointment at the Enterance of the Columbia River into the Great South Sea or Pacific Ocean".[4] By that time the expedition faced its second bitter winter during the trip, so the group decided to vote on whether to camp on the north or south side of the Columbia River. The party agreed to camp on the south side of the river (modern Astoria, Oregon), building Fort Clatsop as their winter quarters. While wintering at the fort, the men prepared for the trip home by boiling salt from the ocean, hunting elk and other wildlife, and interacting with the native tribes. The winter was very rainy, and the men had a hard time finding suitable meat. Surprisingly, they never consumed much Pacific salmon. The explorers started their journey home on March 23, On the way home, Lewis and Clark used four dugout canoes they bought from the Native Americans, plus one that they stole [2] in "retaliation" for a previous theft. Less than a month after leaving Fort Clatsop, they abandoned their canoes because portaging around all the falls proved too difficult. On July 3, after crossing the Continental Divide, the Corps split into two teams so Lewis could explore the Marias River. Lewis' group of four met some Blackfeet Indians. Their meeting was cordial, but during the night, the Blackfeet tried to steal their weapons. In the struggle, two Indians were killed, the only native deaths attributable to the expedition. The group of four—Lewis, Drouillard, and the Field brothers—fled over 100 miles (160 km) in a day before they camped again. Clark, meanwhile, had entered Crow territory. The Crow tribe were known as horse thieves. At night, half of Clark's horses were gone, but not a single Crow was seen. Lewis and Clark stayed separated until they reached the confluence of the Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers on August 11. Clark's team had floated down the rivers in bull boats. While reuniting, one of Clark's hunters, Pierre Cruzatte, blind in one eye and nearsighted in the other, mistook Lewis for an elk and fired, injuring Lewis in the thigh. From there, the groups were reunited and able to quickly return home by the Missouri River. They reached St. Louis on September 23, 1806. The Corps of Discovery returned with important information about the new United States territory and the people who lived in it, as well as its rivers and mountains, plants and animals. The expedition made a major contribution to mapping the North American continent. ASCEND THE MISSOURI RIVER AND CROSS TO THE PACIFIC SURVEY THE AREA AND ESTABLISH RELATIONS WITH THE INDIANS

27 Lewis and Clark What resulted from the Lewis and Clark Expedition? Write two things. In other words, what were the most important accomplishments that came out of that expedition that helped Americans in the 1800s.

28 Activity: Lewis and Clark Expedition: Then and Now
Complete the Lewis and Clark’s Expedition: Then and Now READ the story about the major Indian Tribes they met in their journey. WRITE the questions and answers with plenty of detail in a separate sheet of paper. Questions #1-4 DUE by ( 10: 05 am)

29 Quick Write You are leading an expedition to an unexplored part of the world. 1. What skills would you look for when forming a team? You can take ten skilled people with you. 2. List the ten skills you would look for on your team.

30 Hamilton Vs. Burr Duel (1804) When two gentleman cannot settle an argument and ones honor is in question they use Pistols to settled it. Hamilton Supported Burr’s Opponent in the New York Governors race. Burr Challenges Hamilton and Kills him. Hamilton Never fires a shot. Burr is still upset that Hamilton outwardly support Jefferson for President. Hamilton never fires a shot because it was a tactic that is his opponent missed he would be able to take aim and get a good shot off. It didn’t work

31 Hamilton vs. Burr

32 Evaluating Jefferson Positives Negatives
Expands the size of the United States. “Louisiana Purchase” Keeps US out of war Preserves neutrality Negatives Contradicts his own interpretation of the constitution. - Why? for the good of the country

33 Jefferson’s Legacy Expansion became prime goal
Creation of a democratic non-aristocratic government Total defeat of Federalists by 1816 Jefferson kept the country out of a damaging European war War of 1812 not until late in Madison’s first term.


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