Presentation on theme: "3 rd PRESIDENT Political Beliefs The government which governs least, governs best Strongly favored States Rights as opposed to a strong national government."— Presentation transcript:
3 rd PRESIDENT
Political Beliefs The government which governs least, governs best Strongly favored States Rights as opposed to a strong national government Believed in a strict construction, or strict interpretation, of the U.S.Constitution Wanted to end all taxes of any kind paid by U.S. citizens http://www.history.com/topics/thomas- jefferson/videos#jeffersons-presidential-stylehttp://www.history.com/topics/thomas- jefferson/videos#jeffersons-presidential-style
The Election of 1800 Democratic-Republican Candidates: Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr
The Election of 1800 Federalist Candidates: John Adams and Charles C. Pinckney
The Election of 1800 Instead, the Democratic-Republicans won the election Both winning candidates, Jefferson and Burr, received 73 electoral votes Hamilton swings the election to Jefferson and angers Burr
HAMILTONBURR HATE EACH OTHER
Enter Alexander Hamilton Because he hated Aaron Burr so much…He got the Federalists to not vote at all That way Jefferson could win! –Becomes 3 rd POTUS –Aaron Burr is furious He becomes VPOTUS –Because of this…. »Aaron Burr and Hamilton will be lifelong enemies… Until one shoots the other.
ELECTION ENDS IN A TIE!
Marbury Vs. Madison (1803) William Marbury – A Supreme court judge appointed by Adams on his last night of Office. William Marbury – A Supreme court judge appointed by Adams on his last night of Office. Jefferson ordered the Secretary of state (James Madison) not to deliver the official papers to Marbury the next day. Jefferson ordered the Secretary of state (James Madison) not to deliver the official papers to Marbury the next day. Marbury Sued Madison over this matter. Marbury Sued Madison over this matter. What does the Supreme court do? Does Marbury win? What does the Supreme court do? Does Marbury win?
Jefferson = #ANGRY 1.Orders Madison, Secretary of State, NOT to deliver the commissions 2.“Midnight Judge” William Marbury sued. MIDNIGHT JUDGES
3.Chief Justice John Marshall, Jefferson’s cousin! 4.Marshall says Madison should have gave the commission to Marbury. 5.Marshall declared the Judiciary Act of 1789—unconstitutional. 6.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= 3TVkeRUvX_Uhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v= 3TVkeRUvX_U Marbury vs. Madison
The Election of 1800 The messed up election pointed out the need for a Constitutional amendment regarding the Presidential election process. The 12 th Amendment modified the Constitution so that the President and the Vice-President are elected using separate ballots.
“Revolution Of Thomas Jefferson” Jefferson- Reduced Size and Control of the Federal Government Reduced the Federal Budget and Debt Repealed the Whiskey Tax Cut Military Spending Kept Hamilton’s Financial Plan Neutrality between Britain and France maintained Alien and Sedition Acts repealed
Only source of government income: tariffs and sales of Western land Let the Alien and Sedition Acts expire Louisiana Purchase
Jefferson learned that Louisiana Territory was now controlled by France French ownership of the Louisiana Territory posed several problems for the U.S.—mainly the French were popular with the Indians and the French presence blocked any sort of westward movement by U.S. citizens into the Louisiana Territory The Louisiana Purchase
THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE By 1800, the western boundary of the U.S. was the Mississippi River The Louisiana Territory, that is all lands west of the Mississippi River which drained into the river, was originally controlled by France. As part of losing the French-Indian War, France ceded, or gave, the Louisiana Territory to Spain
The Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana Territory continued to be controlled by Spain until 1800. A war fought in Europe between Spain and France ended with a victory for Napoleon and the French. Secretly, the Louisiana Territory was transferred from Spain to France as a result of that European war.
The Louisiana Purchase Jefferson learned that Louisiana Territory was now controlled by France French ownership of the Louisiana Territory posed several problems for the U.S.—mainly the French were popular with the Indians and the French presence blocked any sort of westward movement by U.S. citizens into the Louisiana Territory
The other major problem involved the city of New Orleans. New Orleans controlled all river trade. River trade came from not only the Louisiana Territory, but also from the United States. If France decided to close the city of New Orleans to U.S. trade, then the U.S. would suffer great economic hardship.
THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE Jefferson realized the problems involved with France owning the Louisiana Territory. Jefferson sends Robert Livingston and James Monroe to buy New Orleans and West Florida for $2 million from France. Livingston and Monroe may spend UP to $10 million.
The Louisiana Purchase Napoleon experiences slave rebellion trouble in the French colony of Saint Domingue located in the Caribbean. Napoleon also needs money for another war with Great Britain. He decides to sell ALL of the Louisiana Territory. His price: $15 million.
MONROE & LIVINGSTON GO TO FRANCE $10 MILLION FOR NEW ORLEANS? NAPOLEON WILL SELL IT ALL FOR $15 MILLION!
The Corps of Discovery The Lewis and Clark expedition began in 1803. President Thomas Jefferson had purchased all of the Louisiana Territory from Napoleon of France for 15 million dollars. Jefferson asked his personal secretary, Meriwether Lewis, to lead the expedition. Lewis asked his old army friend, William Clark, to co- lead the expedition with him. http://www.history.com/videos/lewis--clark- expedition-charts-new-territory#lewis--clark- expedition-charts-new-territory http://www.history.com/videos/lewis--clark- expedition-charts-new-territory#lewis--clark- expedition-charts-new-territory
The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the United States!
VIDEOS http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NokpN OkuSYYhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NokpN OkuSYY http://www.history.com/topics/thomas- jefferson/videos#the-death-of-thomas- jeffersonhttp://www.history.com/topics/thomas- jefferson/videos#the-death-of-thomas- jefferson