Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 – World War I Section 1 – Neutrality to War"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 6 – World War I Section 1 – Neutrality to War Section 2 – The Home FrontSection 3 – Wilson’s War
2Jumpstart Assignment Which do you agree with and why? War should be avoided at all costs.War should be fought only to save the innocent.War is a noble pursuit.War should be used to gain territory and increase power.
3What Caused WW1? Nationalism – devotion to one’s nation Many believed that a nation should express the nationalism of a single ethnic group.Alsace-LorraineSocial Darwinism – “survival of the fittest”d) Leading nations competing for resources/raw materials
4Causes of WWI Militarism - glorification of military Countries race to stockpile weaponsIncrease the size of armiesTechnology advanced the deadlyness of weapons.
5Causes of WWI Alliances – made countries reckless Triple Entente – Germany, Austria-Hungary, and ItalyTriple Alliance – Great Britain, France, and Russia
6Causes of WWIAssassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand - heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary
8Nature of WarTrench Warfare – dug trenches to hold position and stay out of artillery fire.What affect did trench warfare have on WWI?How could you advance on a trench?
9America Enters the WarRead Pages … What causes sent America “over there” to Europe to fight in WWI?
10Jumpstart AssignmentShould the US government be able to restrict your freedom of speech for any reason? Explain your opinion.
11American Home Front Mobilizing for War Selective Service Act – authorized a draft of young men to help fight the war in Europe.War Industries Board – regulated all industries involved in the war effort.Committee on Public Information – had to convince Americans that the war effort was a just cause. Led by George Creel.
12Opposition to WarConscientious Objectors – people whose religious beliefs forbid them to fight in wars.Objectors would often get court-martialed and imprisoned.12% never responded to draft
13Consequences of Opposition Espionage Act – enacted severe penalties for anyone engaged in disloyal or treasonable activities.Penalties included a $10,000 fine or 20 yearsSchneck v. United States – Supreme Court ruled that 1st Amendment rights can be suspended in times of war.Sedition Act – made it unlawful to say anything against the American form of government.
14War Brings About Change WomenMove into the workforceEnlist in the militaryGain the right to vote.Great MigrationAfrican Americans migrate to the industrial north in search of a better life.
15Jumpstart AssignmentWe will listen to the song “Over There.” What was the purpose of the song?
19Timeline: World War IRead pages , then create a timeline of the U.S. entering the war to Armistice (peace). You need to include at least 5 items on your timeline.
20America Aides the Allies Few believed America would be able to help the allies (pg. 171).German U-Boats made transportation of troops, food, and guns difficult.American’s used convoys – merchant ships surrounded by warships – to safely transport war materials.
21The Allies StruggleRussian communist Revolution of 1917 put’s Vladimir Lenin in power.Russia drops out of the war in 1918.
22The War Ends Many Central Power troops begin deserting. November 11, 1918, German and Austro-Hungarian forces surrender.5 million Allied forces, and 8.5 Central Power troops had died.
23Wilson’s Fourteen Points Wilson’s promotes “peace without victory”Treaty of Versailles (Paris)Most countries insisted that Germany pay reparations - payment for war damages.League of Nations - allies worked to establish a world organization where countries could peacefully resolve conflicts.ProblemsEthnic groups divided.Ethnic groups clustered randomly.
26America Rejects the Treaty German-American’s thought it was too harsh.Irish-American’s wanted independence for Ireland.Irreconcilables – IsolationistsReservationists - supported Treaty with a few changes.