Presentation on theme: "World War I As World War I intensified, the United States was forced to abandon its neutrality."— Presentation transcript:
World War I As World War I intensified, the United States was forced to abandon its neutrality.
Causes of WWI M ilitarism A lliance System I mperialism N ationalism
War Begins Austrian Archduke Ferdinand assassinated. Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia (Russia’s ally) Germany declares war on Russia and everyone else joins.
The Fighting “No Man’s Land” -Area between armies Trench warfare Stalemate ( )
America Enters the Fray American Neutrality -Lots of Germans & English British blockade German U-Boat attacks -Sank the LusitaniaSank the Lusitania -Zimmermann Note
a. Allies e. militarism i. Central Powers m.Archduke Franz Ferdinand b. paciﬁsts f. nationalism j. “no man’s land” n. Emperor Wilhelm II c. socialists g. imperialism k. Woodrow Wilson d. Lusitania h. trench warfare l. Zimmermann note ______ 1. His assassination sparked World War I. ______ 2. This British liner was sunk by a German U-boat. ______ 3. These people opposed World War I because they perceive all wars as evil. ______ 4. These people opposed World War I because they saw it as an imperialist struggle. ______ 5. In 1914, this alliance consisted of France, Britain, and Russia. ______ 6. In 1914, this alliance consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. ______ 7. This contained a suggestion of an alliance between Mexico and Germany that deeply angered the American people. ______ 8. This long-term cause of the war involved the development of the armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy. ______ 9. Closely linked with industrialization, this long-term cause of the war involved a contest for colonies. ______ 10. In the Battle of the Somme, this resulted in the exchange of seven miles of territory at the cost of 1.2 million casualties. ______ 11. This long-term cause of the war encouraged competitiveness between nations and encouraged various ethnic groups to attempt to create nations of their own.
World War I: Do Now Is it disloyal or unpatriotic to voice opposition to a government’s policies during wartime?
1. Describe how the U.S. mobilized for war. 2. Show how the government promoted the war. 3. Summarize Wilson’s 14 points. Objectives
The American Factor Selective Service Act -The Draft World Industrial Power Convoy System -Cruiser & Destroy -American Expeditionary Force New Weapons -Airplanes -Submarines -Tanks -Machine Guns -Chemical Weapons -Shell Shock
The Great War Ends Alvin York - Killed 25 Germans and took 132 prisoners. -Conscientious Objector Armistice 11:00 AM -22 Million Deaths, $338 billion
a. Alvin York b. convoy system c. mechanized warfare d. Selective Service Act e. conscientious objector ______ 1. This term describes a person who opposes warfare on moral grounds. ______ 2. This began with the introduction of the tank and the airplane as weapons. ______ 3. This involved merchant vessels traveling in large groups with naval ships acting as guards. ______ 4. This required men to register with the government in order to be randomly selected for military service. ______ 5. Armed only with a riﬂe and a revolver, he killed 25 Germans and, with 6 other soldiers, captured 132 prisoners.
The Home front Government Authority -War Industries Board -Economic Boom -Food Rationing -War Bonds -Propaganda -George Creel
War’s Social Consequences Anti-Immigrant -Espionage & Sedition Acts The Great Migration -Thousands of African- Americans move North. Women move into workforce. Spanish Flu: 500,000 deaths
1. Under the National War Labor Board, the nation’s main wartime regulatory body, industrial production in the United States increased by about 20 percent. 2. George Creel was a muckraking journalist who led the Committee on Public Information, the nation’s ﬁrst propaganda agency. 3. Under the immigration quota system, a person could be ﬁned and/or imprisoned for interfering with the war effort. 4. The Great Migration was a large-scale movement of hundreds of thousands of Southern African Americans to Western farms.
Wilson’s Fourteen Points 1.No Secret Treaties 2.Freedom of the seas 3.Free Trade 4.Arms reduction 5.Colonial Benevolence Self-Determination 14. League of NationsLeague of Nations
Treaty of Versailles Creates 9 new countries. No German Army. $33 Billion in Reparations. War-Guilt Clause -Blamed Germany for war U.S. refuses to sign the treaty and creates their own peace treaty with Germany.