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UNIT 5 Chapter 21 – Absolute Monarchs in Europe Chapter 22 – Enlightenment & Revolution.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIT 5 Chapter 21 – Absolute Monarchs in Europe Chapter 22 – Enlightenment & Revolution."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIT 5 Chapter 21 – Absolute Monarchs in Europe Chapter 22 – Enlightenment & Revolution

2  CORE OBJECTIVE: Examine the development of absolute monarchies and the Enlightenment in Europe from  Objective 6.1: Explain the development of absolute monarchy in Spain & France  Objective 6.2: Describe the influences that created conflicts such as the Thirty Years’ and Seven Years’ Wars.  Objective 6.3: Explain how Russian rulers built a strong Russian state.  Objective 6.4: Identify the conflicts between English rulers and Parliament.  Objective 6.5: Describe circumstances that led to the Scientific Revolution & the important discoveries that were made.  Objective 6.6: Describe the ideas, thinkers, and legacy of the Enlightenment.  Objective 6.7: Explain how Enlightenment ideas spread throughout Europe.  THEME:

3 SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 Spain’s Empire and European Absolutism The Reign of Louis XIV Central European Monarchs Clash Absolute Rulers of Russia SECTION 5 Parliament Limits the English Monarchy French King Louis XIV with plans for Versailles.

4 CHAPTER 21 SECTION 2 After a century of war and riots, France was ruled by Louis XIV, the most powerful monarch of his time

5 FRENCH RELIGIOUS WARS  Henry of Navarre  Henry ascends to French throne in 1589 and adopts Catholicism  Catholics and Huguenots (protestants) fought religious wars against one another  Henry of Navarre issues Edict of Nantes — a declaration of religious toleration towards protestants  After Henry’s death his son Louis XIII rules France; weak ruler  Louis XIII and Cardinal Richelieu  Cardinal Richelieu —Louis XIII’s minister who rules France  Increases power of the Bourbons by limiting Huguenots’ freedom  Also weakens power of the nobility

6 LOUIS XIV  A New French Ruler  Louis XIV — the most powerful ruler in French history  Louis, the Boy King  Hatred of Mazarin—young Louis’s minister—leads to riots  Louis Weakens the Nobles’ Authority  Louis takes control in 1661  Appoints intendants — government agents — to collect taxes  Economic Growth  Jean Baptiste Colbert — finance minister — helps economy grow  In 1685, Louis cancels Edict of Nantes; Huguenots flee France

7 THE SUN KING  A Life of Luxury  Louis lives very well, with every meal a feast  Louis Controls the Nobility  Louis keeps nobles at palace to increase his power over them  Builds magnificent palace at Versailles  Patronage of the Arts  Versailles is a center of arts during reign of Louis XIV  Purpose of the arts is to glorify Louis

8 COSTLY FRENCH WARS  Attempts to Expand France’s Boundaries  Louis fights wars in 1660s, 1670s to expand France  In 1680s, many countries unite against him in League of Augsburg  France is weakened by poor harvests, warfare, high taxes  War of the Spanish Succession  War of the Spanish Succession begins in 1701  Attempts to prevent union of the French and Spanish thrones  Ends in 1714; France and Spain lose some possessions

9 LOUIS’S LEGACY  Louis’s Death and Legacy  Louis dies leaving mixed legacy  Rule makes France a major military and cultural power in Europe  His wars and palace leave France with heavy debts  BIOGRAPHY  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W5Njjd6R6d0 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W5Njjd6R6d0

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