2Religious wars and power struggles Henry Navarre-Descended from Louis IXwas the first king of the Bourbon Dynasty (Henry IV)Gave up Protestantism- “Paris is well worth a mass.”Spent time rebuilding peace and prosperity for FranceIs stabbed to death b/c of religious compromisesEdict of NantesHuguenots would set up their own houses of worship in certain cities.* What did the Edict of Nantes do and how did it lead to Henry IV death?
3Louis XIII and Cardinal Richelieu Louis XIII was a weak king but appointed strong ministerCardinal Richelieu-2 main things to increase the Monarchy’s Power1. Moved against the Huguenots2. Weakened the nobles’ powerInvolved France in the Thirty Years War
5Louis XIV comes to power Louis XIV- Most powerful ruler in French history“L’etat c’est moi.”Louis the Boy KingIs only fourteen- real ruler Cardinal MazarinAnti- Mazarin riots – Louis’ life threatenedLouis Weakens the Nobles’ AuthorityExcludes nobles from councilsIncreased power of intendants- collected taxes and administered justice.Jean Baptist Colbert- Louis’ minister of financeBelieved in Mercantilism and wanted to make France self Sufficient
6Why did Louis XIV want to decrease Noble’s power Why did Louis XIV want to decrease Noble’s power? And How did he accomplish this?After Colbert’s death Louis cancels Edict of NantesSlows economic progress b/c artisans and business people leave the country
8The Sun King’s Grand Style Louis surrounds himself with luxuryLouis controls the NobilityNobles lived at the Palace, and had the “honor” of waiting on LouisHaving nobles live there made them dependant on the king an took them away from homeVersailles like a small royal city-showed powerPatronage of the ArtsLouis a Huge supporter of the artsMoliere-TartuffeDanced in the Ballet The Sun KingPurpose of art to glorify the King
10Louis fights disastrous wars Under Louis France is most powerful country in EuropeAttempts to expand Frances’s Boundaries1667 Louis expands into Spanish Netherlands and gains 12 towns1672 Goes into Dutch Netherlands- very few gains, flood the countrysideBy end of 1680s other countries of Europe came together to match France’s powerThe people suffered b/c of poor harvests and high taxes for war
11Louis fights disastrous wars The War of Spanish Succession1700 Charles II dies w/out an heir= promised the throne to Louis grandson Phillip Anjou.Other countries threatenedBan together and fight the Spanish War of SuccessionWar drags on until 1714End resultPhillip Anjou could remain king as long as the thrones were not unitedHapsburgs get Spanish NetherlandsPrussia and Savoy recognized kingdomsBritain- Gained Gibraltar and gained permission to send African slaves to the American Colonies from SpainFrance gave them Nova Scotia and Newfoundland