Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 Section 3 Democracy and Greece’s Golden Age"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 5 Section 3 Democracy and Greece’s Golden Age Golden Age of Athens477 B.C. – 431 B.C.
2 Pericles’ Plan for Athens Pericles was a statesman who influenced life in Athens for 32 years.Pericles had three goals
3 1. Create a Stronger Democracy Increased number of public officials and they were paidPericles developed a direct democracy.What is it?Citizens rule directly, not through representatives
4 2. Athenian EmpirePericles took money from the Delian League’s treasury to strengthen the navyOther members of Delian League were treated as part of the empirePeloponnesus cities (Sparta) resisted Athens and formed their own alliances
5 3. Glorifying AthensWithout League’s approval, Pericles used money to beautify Athens
6 Glorious Art and Architecture Wanted to create magnificent sculptures and buildings like the Parthenon
7 Architecture and Sculpture Phidias worked on the ParthenonWorks portrayed ideal beauty not realismThese works became known as classical artPhidias
8 Drama and HistoryGreeks created drama as an art form and built the first theaters
11 Tragedy and Comedy Tragedy: serious drama about common themes Hero usually had a flaw such as hubris.3 tragedy writersAeschylus who wrote Oresteia a story based on AgamemnonSophocles wrote Oedipus the King and AntigoneEuripides wrote Medea
12 Tragedy and Comedy Cont.d’ Comedies had slapstick and crude humorAristophanes wrote The Birds and Lysistrata
13 History Homer’s records are not accurate. Herodotus accurately reported eventsAthenian Thucydides was the greatest historian
14 Athenians and Spartans Go to War Other Greek city- states looked at Athens in a negative way431 B.C. Sparta declared war on Athens
15 Peloponnesian War Athens vs. Spartans Athens had a stronger navy, Sparta had a stronger armyPericles wanted to avoid land battle and attack on the seaSpartans marched into Athenian territory and burnt their food supply
16 Peloponnesian War Cont.d’ Pericles brought people into the city wallsFood could be brought by ships that sailed into the ports of Athenian colonies.2nd year of war a plague swept through Athens killed 1/3 of the population including Pericles.421 B.C. a truce was signed
18 Sparta Gains Victory Peace didn’t last 415 B.C. Athenians sent a fleet with 20,000 soldiers to Sicily attempting to destroy Syracuse, Sparta's ally413 Athens was defeatedIn 404 B.C. Athenians and allies surrendered
19 Philosophers Search for Truth 2. People can understand these laws through logic and reason.Athenians questioned Democratic governmentPhilosophers emerged to seek the truth and based their findings on two assumptions1. The universe is put together in an orderly way and subject to absolute and unchanging laws.
20 Philosophers Search for Truth Protagoras, a philosopher in the Sophists group, questioned the existence of traditional Greek gods
21 Socrates Critic of the Sophists Stated absolute standard did exist for truth andjusticeEither people admired him or thought he was strangeHe encouraged students to examine their beliefsAsked them questions to show that people had contradictory opinionsThese question/answer sessions led to the Socratic method
22 Socrates Cont.d’399 B.C. he was brought to trial for “corrupting the youth of Athens” and “neglecting the city’s gods”Socrates said his teachings were goodJury condemned him to deathHe drank hemlock and died
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