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World History Chapter 5C Democracy and Greece’s Golden Age.

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Presentation on theme: "World History Chapter 5C Democracy and Greece’s Golden Age."— Presentation transcript:

1 World History Chapter 5C Democracy and Greece’s Golden Age

2 Pericles’ Three Goals for Athens Strengthen Athenian Democracy Hold and strengthen the Empire Glorify Athens

3 Pericles

4 Stronger Democracy Increased the number of paid public officials 1.More citizens became engaged in self- government 2.Political rights were still limited to those with citizenship status He introduced Direct Democracy-citizens rule directly and not through representatives

5 Athenian Empire Pericles used the Delian League’s treasury to build 200 warships and made Athens the strongest navy in the Mediterranean The navy controlled waterways and trade

6 Athenian Trireme

7 Glorify Athens Pericles used the Delian League’s money without their approval to beautify Athens All works on the Acropolis were built this way including the Parthenon

8 Parthenon

9 Greek Styles in Art Greek sculptures 1.Phidias-Greatest Greek sculpture and creator of the statues of Athena for the Parthenon and Zeus for Olympia 2.Phidias’ work characterizes Greek classical art in the values of order, balance, and proportion

10 Athena

11 Zeus

12 Greek Drama The Greeks invented drama and built the first theaters in the west Theaters were expressions of civic pride and a tribute to the gods

13 Greek Amphitheaters

14 Greek Theater is Divided into Two Parts-Tragedy and Comedy Tragedy- Serious drama about common themes such as love, hate, war, or betrayal -Key Writers-Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides Comedy -Scenes filled with slapstick situations and crude humor -Key Writer-Aristophanes

15 Spartans and Athenians Go To War Peloponnesian War 1.In 431 B.C., Sparta declared war on Athens over a dispute of one of its Colonies 2.Pericles attempted to avoid land battles with Sparta and Sparta avoided sea battles 3.Sparta eventually invaded Athenian lands

16 Plague Plague strikes Athens in the second year of the war and Pericles is among those that die. 2/3 of Athens population dies from plague 1.27,000 Athenians are also lost in a campaign against Syracuse, Sicily 2.In 404 B.C. Athens surrenders

17 Greek Philosophers Search for Truth Greek Philosophy is based on two assumptions: 1.The Universe (land, sky and sea)is put together in an orderly way and subject to absolute and unchanging laws 2.People can understand these laws through logic and reason

18 Sophists They questioned peoples beliefs and ideas about justice, and other traditional values -Leading proponent was Protagoras -”Man is the measure of all things”

19 Protagoras

20 Socrates He was a critic of the Sophist He believed that absolute standards did exist for truth and justice “The unexamined life is not worth living” He was condemned to death for corrupting the young

21 Socrates

22 Plato He was a student of Socrates’ He wrote down his conversations with Socrates He Wrote The Republic -It sets forth his vision of a perfectly governed society -His government has citizens fall naturally into three groups: farmers, artisans/warriors and the ruling class -He believed in a philosopher-king

23 Plato

24 Aristotle He was a student of Plato’s He invented a nature of arguing according to rules of logic His work provides the basis of the scientific method today His most famous student was Alexander the Great

25 Aristotle

26 TA5D Read Pages 140-145 Copy & Define Terms on Page 145 Copy & Answer Questions 15 & 16 on Page 150

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