Their economies North and South affected their views about slavery so they split up into two different countries.
By 1860 the South produced about two-thirds of the world’s supply of cotton.
Nat turner- led a small band of slaves in Southampton County, Virginia to be free. Fredrick Douglas- One slave that escaped to the North and then spoke out against slavery.
Newspapers and books play an important role in getting people to join the movement to end slavery. The Underground Railroad wasn’t railroad at all it was just a series of routes for slaves to escape.
William Loyd Garrison- began a newspaper called the Liberator that helped people to see how bad slavery was.
Abolitionist- someone who wanted to abolish, or end slavery in the United States.
When Lincoln was elected president in 1860, one by one Southern states gradually leave the Union to form their own country, The Confederate States of America.
Since Lincoln was trying to end slavery in the United States everywhere, the South would not give up their slaves without a fight.
President Lincoln vows not to let Union property be taken by confederate troops.
Fort Sumter in South Carolina is Union property, and confederate takeover of fort makes armed conflict a certainty
Antietam – a fort that many people from the Union and Confederate died
Emancipation Proclamation-a document that allowed Abraham Lincoln to free slaves
William Tecumseh Sherman- now in charge of Union forces. Petersburg- Both forces fought in a standoff that would last well into 1865.
Fourteenth Amendment-made black citizens of the U.S guaranteed rights. Andrew Johnson- a democrat from Tennessee that became president of the South.
Sixteenth president of the U.S who swore to end slavery. Was born in Illinois Was a lawyer before becoming president