Presentation on theme: "Slavery Intro to Slavery In the American south, slavery was a way of life. Most all southerners owned slaves. Slaves were used for many things, including."— Presentation transcript:
Intro to Slavery In the American south, slavery was a way of life. Most all southerners owned slaves. Slaves were used for many things, including housework, cleaning, and most commonly on the plantation taking care of the crops. Slaves were property, not people in the south.
America in the 1800’s North: Most northerners were abolitionists during this time period. They believed slavery was morally wrong. South: Almost all southerners wanted slavery. It was a way of life that they had and did not want to get rid of.
America in the 1800’s In the south, Jim Crow Laws were passed along with Black Codes to keep slaves under control. Abolitionists from the north would help slaves escape, and challenge the slave system any way they could.
Abolitionists Abolitionist- a person who advocated or supported the abolition of slavery in the U.S. Some of the famous abolitionists are: Harriet Tubman Frederick Douglass Abraham Lincoln William Lloyd Garrison
Harriet Tubman Harriet Tubman is one of the most well- known abolitionists. She was a conductor on the Underground Railroad. She made over 19 trips to the south, freeing over 300 slaves. Harriet never had a formal position in any organization, but she helped lots and lots of people.
William Lloyd Garrison William Lloyd Garrison was a newspaper editor for The Liberator. He wrote in it also, and often times about abolishing slavery. He founded New England Anti-Slavery Society, and co-founded American Anti- Slavery Society. William founded and joined many other anti-slavery societies and was a strong abolitionist in his time.
Frederick Douglass Frederick was born a slave, but escaped. After escaping, he became an abolitionist leader. He was a very talented speaker, writer, and leader. He was known for his speeches and writing. He wrote 3 Main Keys for a Successful Life: 1) Believe in yourself, 2) Take Advantage of every opportunity, and 3)Use the power of spoken/written language to effect position change for you and society.
Abraham Lincoln When Abraham Lincoln became President, he freed all slaves with the Emancipation Proclamation. He was not exactly an abolitionist, he cared more about slavery splitting up the country than slavery Itself.
Underground Railroad It was: a network of secret paths and safe homes used by Black slaves to escape from slavery and get to a free state. This was used from 1860-1865. Abolitionists helped slaves escape from slave houses and travel to a free state using the Underground Railroad’s safe houses and secret routes.
Nat Turner’s Rebellion What was it? : This was a slave rebellion that took place in Southampton County, Virginia. Both black slaves and white slave owners were involved. It was led by Nat Turner, and some other slaves.
Nat Turner’s Rebellion What occurred? 1- Nat Turner and other slaves rebelled by first killing Turner’s slave owner and his family, and then killing many more white slave holders. 2- The rebellion was stopped after a couple days, and militia along with angry mobs went and killed between 100-200 black slaves
Nat Turner’s Rebellion 3) Southerners realized their vulnerability, and were scared for another rebellion. Northerners saw the level of anger and want for freedom in the slaves. 4) Slave owners tried to gain more power and more control over the slaves because they were scared.
Freedom/Emancipation When Abraham Lincoln became president in 1860, he didn’t pass the Emancipation Proclamation until 1863. The Emancipation Proclamation said that all slaves in the Confederate territory (and in the whole U.S.) were forever free, All slaves were free by law! But it was not until 1865 that the states passed this law and it came into action completely.
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