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Social Studies Unit 3 Lesson 1 Progress As A State.

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Presentation on theme: "Social Studies Unit 3 Lesson 1 Progress As A State."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Studies Unit 3 Lesson 1 Progress As A State

2 What Are We Going to Learn? How did the issue of slavery affect New Jersey? How did the issue of slavery affect New Jersey? How did New Jersey grow and change in the early twentieth century? How did New Jersey grow and change in the early twentieth century? How did New Jerseyans meet challenges during difficult times? How did New Jerseyans meet challenges during difficult times? How had New Jersey changed by the end of the 1900s? How had New Jersey changed by the end of the 1900s?

3 Lesson 1 Vocabulary emancipate- emancipate- To free enslaved people To free enslaved people Underground Railroad- Underground Railroad- A system of secret routes A system of secret routes

4 Lesson 1 Vocabulary Civil war- Civil war- War between two groups in the same country War between two groups in the same country Slave state- Slave state- States where slavery was allowed States where slavery was allowed Free state- Free state- States where slavery was against the law States where slavery was against the law

5 Lesson 1 Vocabulary secede- secede- To leave To leave Border state- Border state- A state located between the North and South; allowed slavery but did not secede A state located between the North and South; allowed slavery but did not secede

6 Lesson 1 How did the issues of slavery affect New Jersey?

7 Fighting Slavery African Americans had been forced into slavery for a long time. African Americans had been forced into slavery for a long time. Around the 1800’s the people that wanted to end slavery gained popularity. Around the 1800’s the people that wanted to end slavery gained popularity. Abolitionists in New Jersey freed enslaved people (emancipate) Abolitionists in New Jersey freed enslaved people (emancipate)

8 Underground Railroad NJ abolitionists helped slaves escape on the Underground Railroad. NJ abolitionists helped slaves escape on the Underground Railroad. Routes led to: Canada- slavery was against the law there Routes led to: Canada- slavery was against the law there Along their journey, slaves were helped by conductors (people against slavery) Along their journey, slaves were helped by conductors (people against slavery) Station- place where many runaway slaves hid Station- place where many runaway slaves hid

9 Underground Railroad William Still- ran a station in Philadelphia William Still- ran a station in Philadelphia Abigail Goodwin- abolitionist and Quaker from New Jersey Abigail Goodwin- abolitionist and Quaker from New Jersey Harriet Tubman- escape slave, risked her life as conductor Harriet Tubman- escape slave, risked her life as conductor 1832-worked for a hotel in Cape May. Used the money to help people on the Underground Railroad worked for a hotel in Cape May. Used the money to help people on the Underground Railroad.

10 Question Time! What was the Underground Railroad? What was the Underground Railroad? BRAINPOP!-UNDERGROUND RAILROAD BRAINPOP!-UNDERGROUND RAILROAD BRAINPOP

11 North & South Civil War between North and South over slavery Civil War between North and South over slavery Southern states- slave states Southern states- slave states Northern states- free states Northern states- free states

12 The Civil War Begins Abraham Lincoln was elected President Abraham Lincoln was elected President. Lincoln was against slavery Lincoln was against slavery Many southerners thought Lincoln would end slavery, and because of this they seceded (left) the United States and formed their own country called the “Confederate States of America” Many southerners thought Lincoln would end slavery, and because of this they seceded (left) the United States and formed their own country called the “Confederate States of America” Border States (allowed slavery but DID NOT secede): Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri Border States (allowed slavery but DID NOT secede): Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri

13 The Civil War Begins cont. Lincoln believed in the “Union” and hoped the Southern states would return to the Union (USA) in peace. Lincoln believed in the “Union” and hoped the Southern states would return to the Union (USA) in peace. April 12, Confederate troops fired on Fort Sumter in South Carolina April 12, Confederate troops fired on Fort Sumter in South Carolina CIVIL WAR HAD BEGUN!! CIVIL WAR HAD BEGUN!!

14 New Jerseyans in the Civil War 70,000 New Jerseyans fought in the Civil War. 70,000 New Jerseyans fought in the Civil War. 3,000 were African American 3,000 were African American Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania Confederate Army retreated, and war was in Union’s favor Confederate Army retreated, and war was in Union’s favor April 9, Confederate General E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulyssess S. Grant at Appomattox Court House in VA. Civil War was over. April 9, Confederate General E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulyssess S. Grant at Appomattox Court House in VA. Civil War was over.

15 Question Time! How did the Civil War affect New Jersey? How did the Civil War affect New Jersey? BRAINPOP!BRAINPOP!!-CIVIL WAR CAUSES BRAINPOP! BRAINPOP!!BRAINPOP!!-CIVIL WAR BRAINPOP!!

16 Lesson Review 2. How did the issue of slavery affect New Jersey? 2. How did the issue of slavery affect New Jersey? 3. Why do you think New Jersey had so many stations on the Underground Railroad?

17 Important People William Still William Still Abigail Goodwin Abigail Goodwin

18 Important People Harriet Tubman Harriet Tubman Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln


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