Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12 A Glossary of Usage Common Usage Problems pgs. 306-327."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 12 A Glossary of Usage Common Usage Problems pgs. 306-327
Workbook pg. 194 2. accept8. all ready14. is not20. all right 4. live10. all right16. a 6. a lot12. badly18. bad Workbook pg. 195 2. fewer8. have14. is20. doesn’t 4. among10. caught16. ought not 6. bring12. ought not18.well
page 315 1.The Creek people believed that goblins, giants, and dwarfs affected their lives badly. 2.The Micmacs believed that an enormous being named Glooskap created humans and animals everywhere. 3.This picture shows how humans burst into life because of Glooskap’s magic. 4.The other animals don’t appear to think that Glooskap’s new creations are all right. 5.The Tehuelche people of South America tell the story of Elal, a hero who brought fire to where the people were. (deleted at)
page 315 6.When the Mayas heard the thunderous approach of their god Chac, they knew he was bringing rain to their dry fields.. 7.The Pawnee people, who lived on the plains, could hardly help noticing where the stars were. 8.They told stories about Morning Star, who fought really well and defeated star monsters. 9.One sad Tewa story is about Deer Hunter, who ought to have accepted the death of his wife, White Corn Maiden. 10.Her death broke poor Deer Hunter’s heart, causing him to disobey the laws of his people.
he, she, it, they Do not use an unnecessary pronoun after a noun (double subject). Alex Trebek he is my favorite game show host. Alex Trebek is my favorite game show host.
hisself Hisself is nonstandard English. Use himself instead.
how come How come is often used in informal situations instead of why. In formal situations, why should be used. –How come you are late? –Why are you late?
its, it’s Its is a possessive personal pronoun. –The bear protected its cubs. It’s is a contraction of it is or it has. –It’s been a long time since I read that book. Hint: When in doubt, substitute it is into the sentence to figure out which form to use.
kind, sort, type The words this, that, these, and those should agree in number with the words kind, sort, and type. –I like that kind of cake. –I like those kinds of books.
kind of, sort of Kind of and sort of are often used in informal situations to mean “somewhat” or “rather”. In formal situations, use somewhat or rather. –It was kind of hot at the ballpark today. –It was rather hot during today’s meeting.
learn, teach Learn means “to acquire knowledge”. –Today, you will learn how to tie your shoe. Teach means “to instruct” or “to show how”. –I will teach you the rules of standard English..
leave, let Leave means “to go away” or “to depart from”. –Be sure you’re ready to leave at 4pm. Let means “to allow” or “to permit”. –Please let me help you carry those boxes.
lie, lay Lie, when used as a verb, means “to rest”, “to recline”, or “to be in a place”. Lie does not take an object. –Don’t lie in the sun until you put on sunscreen. Lay means “to put (something) in a place” and usually takes an object. –Do not lay your papers on my messy desk!
like, as Like is often used instead of the conjunction as to introduce a clause in informal situations. Use as in formal situations. –I looked up the answers just as my teacher suggested.
like, as if, as though In informal situations, the preposition like is used for the compound subordinating conjunction as if or as though. Use as if or as though in formal situations. –It looked like it might rain. –It looked as though it might rain.
of Do not use of after other prepositions such as inside, off, and outside. He jumped off of the swing. He jumped off the swing.
real In informal situations, real is often used as an adverb meaning “very” or “extremely”. In formal situations, very or extremely should be used. This message is real important, so be sure you read it. This message is very important, so be sure you read it.
reason…because In informal situations, reason…because is often used instead of reason…that. In formal situations, reason…that should be used. –The reason I am late is because traffic was terrible. –The reason I am late is that traffic was terrible.
than, then Than is a subordinating conjunction. –Great Danes are taller than Labradors.. Then is an adverb telling when. –I finished my dinner, and then I had dessert.
their, there, they’re Their is the possessive form of they. There is used to mean “at that place” or to begin a sentence. They’re is a contraction of they are. There was a tournament this weekend, and the Eagles’ victory proved they’re the best team in their division.
try and Try and is often used in informal situations. Try to should be used in formal situations. I will try and get to school early. I will try to get to school early.
use to, suppose to Do not leave off the d when you write used to or supposed to. –I am supposed to study for my test tonight.
way, ways Use way, not ways, in referring to a distance. –We still had a long way to travel before we reached out destination.
who, which, that Who is a relative pronoun that refers to people only. –He is the only student who got the right answer. Which refers to things only. –My lunch, which is in the refrigerator, is a sandwich. That refers to either people or things. –He is the only student that got the right answer. –My lunch, that is in the refrigerator, is a sandwich.
who’s, whose Who’s is the contraction of who is or who has. –Who’s keeping track of the score? Whose is used as the possessive form of who or as an interrogative pronoun. –Do you know whose dog this is? –Whose test is this?
your, you’re Your is used as the possessive form of you. –Your grades are excellent! You’re is the contraction of you are. –You’re an excellent student.