There Are Three Parts of a Sentence A Subject A Predicate A Complete Thought
SUBJECTS DO the ACTION NOUNS can be subjects. People, Places, Things, Ideas can all DO SOMETHING! Robert called the cops. Utica increased its population The door slammed shut. Justice will prevail!
SUBJECTS DO the ACTION Pronouns can be Subjects Subject pronouns can also DO ACTIONS. Subject Pronouns I You He, She It We You They
SUBJECTS DO the ACTION Pronouns can be Subjects Subject pronouns can also DO ACTIONS. I may forget to remind you. You can call me later. He posted his comment. She saw my picture. It sounded funny to me. We should go home. They laughed at my joke.
PREDICATES are the VERB ONLY VERBS can be PREDICATES. My sister yelled at me She is mean.
PREDICATES are the VERB ONLY VERBS can be PREDICATES. Happiness could be felt by all. Snow was falling everywhere.
CONTRACTIONS CONTRACTIONS can join SUBJECTS and PREDICATES together. He will He’ll She is She’s It is It’s
When finding Subjects and Predicates SPLIT YOUR CONTRACTIONS APART They’re going to the game. S P P They are going to the game.
When finding Subjects and Predicates SPLIT YOUR CONTRACTIONS APART She’s thinking about him. S P P She is thinking about him.
What about with QUESTIONS? Sometimes the SUBJECT will be in between the VERB PHRASE. Can you go to the dance tonight? P S P Can you go to the dance tonight? Should I tell my mom about it? P S P Should I tell my mom about it?
What about with COMMANDS? When giving and order, the subject YOU is implied. Do not judge people. S P P (You) do not judge people. Listen to me. S P (You) listen to me.
LET’S REVIEW A complete sentence must have a subject, predicate, and complete thought. Subjects do the action. Only nouns and subject pronouns can do an action. Predicates are verbs. Contractions may have a subjects and a predicate combined. Questions might have the subject sandwiched in the verb phrase.
LET’S MOVE ON! CLAUSES A group of words with a subject and a predicate.
CLAUSES S P My sister called me. YES THIS IS A CLAUSE! S P If you pass the test. YES THIS IS A CLAUSE! All the people from the street with the two-story houses. NO CLAUSE S P He tried YES THIS IS A CLAUSE!
INDEPENDENT CLAUSES INDEPENDENT CLAUSES have a complete thought with the SUBJECT AND PREDICATE. They have the big 3! S P P We are reviewing sentence structure. Listen carefully. S P (YOU) listen carefully. I’m hoping for positive results. S P P I am hoping for positive results.
DEPENDENT CLAUSES Dependent clauses still have the SUBJECT AND PREDICATE! They do NOT have a COMPLETE THOUGHT. Dependent clauses begin with a SUBORDINATE CONJUNCTION After Although As Because Before If Even Though Since Unless Until When Whenever While That
DEPENDENT CLAUSES Dependent clauses begin with a SUBORDINATE CONJUNCTION S P If we finish today S P When the kids work together S P Yes, because they suffered S P That they tried the food
Using CLAUSES to Create SENTNECES SIMPLE SENTENCES = ONE CLAUSE SENTENCE S P You are too young for a boyfriend. P S P Will you help me? I’m hungry. S P I am hungry
Using CLAUSES to Create SENTENCES COMPOUND SENTENCE = TWO CLAUSE SENTENCE Join TWO INDEPENDENT CLAUSES with a COMMA and a COORDINATING CONJUNCTION COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS AND, BUT, OR, SO, FOR, NOR, YET
COMPOUND SENTENCES THERE MUST BE AN INDEPENDENT CLAUSE ON BOTH SIDES OF THE COMMA/CC! S P S P My best friend decorated my locker, and I thanked her. P S P S P P Can you remind me, so I do not forget? S P P S P P You’re getting better, but we still must practice. Shut the door, or close the window. S P S P (YOU) Shut the door, or (you) close the window.
COMPLEX SENTENCES THERE MUST BE TWO CLAUSES! 1 INDEPENDENT and 1 DEPENDENT S P S P Whenever we see each other, I am happy. S P S P Veronica loves Osiris because he is a stud. S P S P This class is happy until I give a quiz.
Sentence Creation Review A simple sentence has one clause. A compound sentence has two clauses. They are independent, and they are joined by a comma/coordinating conjunction. A complex sentence has two clauses. One clause is dependent.