Presentation on theme: "What We Should Know This Far"— Presentation transcript:
1What We Should Know This Far Map SkillsWhat We Should Know This Far
2What in the World?The world is round like a basketball or soccer ball.IT IS NOT A CIRCLE!!!!!The correct name for its shape is a sphere
3Facts about the WorldThere are Seven Continents: North America, South America, Asia, Africa, Europe, Antarctica, and Australia (Oceania).There are four oceans: The Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Artic Ocean.
4Characteristics of a Map A map needs to have four things to be considered useful.Without these four things, it would be confusing and wouldn’t help us as much.These four things are…
5The Map Title Why would we need a title for the map? The title is needed to tell us what we are looking at. If the map didn’t have a title, we’d have to guess what place we were looking at.
6The Map Key Why do we need a map key? The map key helps us interpret (understand) the symbols on the map.
7The Map Scale Why do we need map scale? Since maps don’t show the actual sizes of things, we need some way to compare the size on the map with the size in real life.There are three ways that cartographers (mapmakers) use to show scale: The Graphic Method, The Verbal Method, and the Fractional Method.
8Compass Rose Why do we need a compass rose? A compass rose shows the cardinal directions (north, south, east, and west) and sometimes the intermediate directions (northwest, northeast, southwest, and southeast).
9How do we find things?What kinds of lines help us find places on the globe?Latitude and LongitudeThe Greek thinker Hipparchus divided the Earth into 360 parts using these lines.
10LatitudeThe most important line of latitude is the equator. (0 degrees)Lines of latitude run horizontally (east to west) and are measured in north (above the equator) and south (below the equator)The equator divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern hemispheres.
11Latitude (cont’d) The North Pole is 90 degrees N latitude. The South Pole is 90 degrees S latitude.True or False: The farther away a place is away from the equator the warmer it is.False.
12LongitudeLongitude lines run north to south and are measured east to west.The most important longitude line is the prime meridian (O degrees).What city does the prime meridian run through?Greenwich, England
13Longitude cont’dThe prime meridian divides the Earth into the Western and Eastern hemispheres.What is the line of longitude that divides one day from another called?The International Date Line (IDL)
14Questions What continent is Nevada on? North America Which hemispheres is Nevada in?Northern and WesternWhich is warmer Nevada or Quito Ecuador? Why?Quito, Ecuador because it is nearer to the equator.
15Prize board QuestionsWithout looking in your binder, what do we call people who make maps?CartographersWithout looking in your binder, how was the Greek thinker that divided the world into 360 sections?Hipparchus