2 Native AmericansNative Americans were unhappy about the results of the French and Indians war and how the territories had changed.The British now controlled the land west of the coloniesThe British relationship with the Native Americans was bad as a result not paying for the land and raising all of the prices for goods.
3 Native Americans (cont.) As a result violence began to occur between the Native Americans and the colonists on the western side of the coloniesUltimately, the Native Americans would do just enough for the British government to step in with the Proclamation of 1763This would lead to major problems with the colonists who began moving west to settle
6 Sons of Liberty Founded by Samuel Adams Organized protests against the acts passed by the British governmentOrganized other groups throughout the colonies to protest, boycott and overall give the British trouble until it would remove all of the taxes placed on the colonies or at least give them representation in Parliament
7 Major Acts that Taxed or annoyed the Americans Stamp ActQuartering ActTea ActSugar ActCoercive (Intolerable) ActsProclamation of 1763
9 Stamp Act Congress Met in October 1765 in New York Delegates from nine states drafted a petition to the King and Parliament to repeal the act because only they could tax themselvesResulted in the repeal of the act, but brought about the Declaratory Act of 1766
10 Boston MassacreMarch 5, 1770A group of British soldiers being taunted by colonists open fire on the crowd of AmericansKilled five AmericansAmong the dead was Crispus Attucks, the supposed leader of the crowd
12 Committee of Correspondence Revived in 1772 by Samuel AdamsCirculated writings about colonists grievances against BritainCommittees began to spring up all along the colonies bringing together the protesters opposed to the British
13 Boston Tea Party December 16, 1773 When British ships carrying tea from the East India Company docked in Boston, many citizens wanted the tea sent back to England without the payment of taxesThe royal governor insisted on payment of all taxes and the ships stayed in the harbor
14 Boston Tea Party (cont.) This sent the Sons of Liberty into actionDisguised as Native Americans, they boarded the ships and dumped 342 chests of tea into the harborThis became one of the most popular and dramatic acts of defiance against the British and it rallied the Colonists.
16 First Continental Congress Sept 4, 1774Revolutionary political body made up of delegates from most American coloniesSome of the important figuresGeorge WashingtonSamuel AdamsJohn AdamsJohn JayRichard Henry LeePatrick Henry
18 1st Continental Congress (cont.) Drafted a statement of grievances calling for the repeal of 13 acts passed since 1763 claiming they violated the colonists rightsAlso voted to boycott British goods and tradeMost important decision was to form a militia (group of citizen soldiers)
19 “Shot Heard ‘Round the World” The American anticipated that if fighting were to break out it would happen in New EnglandThe British had sent a great number of troops to the Boston area in the spring of 1775 and the result was the “shot heard ‘round the world”
20 Lexington and Concord Leaders British – Major John PitcairnColonists – Captain John ParkerThe battle began in Lexington where 70 minutemen had been waiting for the British to arriveThe British handled the minutemen easily and headed to Concord to destroy the colonists’ armory
24 Battle of Lexington and Concord (cont.) After arriving in Concord, the British discovered that the ammunition had already been movedThey then began the long walk back to BostonOn the way back they were assaulted by minutemen all along their path who would shoot at them from behind trees and rocksUltimately, the British would claim victory at Lexington, but from Concord back to Boston, the colonist had won
25 SaratogaLeadersBritish – BurgoyneColonist – General Horatio GatesBurgoyne had mistakenly thought that more British troops were headed his way, but they were not and he was surrounded by Colonial forcesBurgoyne attempted to fight on October 7th against a force 3 – times hisThe British failed and surrenderedIt was a turning point in the war because the plan of the British to cut off New England from the rest of the colonies had failed
27 YorktownLeadersBritish – Lord CornwallisColonists – General WashingtonCornwallis had taken his troops up to Yorktown, VA to escape the battles he had fought with Gen. Greene who had forced him to retreatWashington planned to have the French navy waiting for Cornwallis outside in the bay to keep him from escapingThe plan worked perfectly, the French guarded the bay and Washington and his troops gathered to surround Cornwallis and his troops
29 Yorktown (cont.)Washington had his 17,000 troops surrounding Cornwallis’ 8,000 troopsOn Oct 11th the Americans and French started a heavy bombardmentBritish supplies were low and Cornwallis realized the situation was hopelessOn Oct 19th, the Patriots won the Battle of Yorktown and claimed victory in the American Revolution
30 Treaty of Paris Began in April 1782 America was represented by Ben Franklin, John Adams, and John JayIt was ratified by the American Congress on Sept 3rd 1783
32 Terms of the TreatyBritain recognized the United States as an independent nationNew territory extended from the coast to the Mississippi River and from Canada to Spanish Florida and the waters off the coast of CanadaBritish promised to withdraw all troopsThe US in turn agreed to collect all debts owed by Americans to British merchantsEarnestly recommended returning taken loyalist land (most of it was never returned)
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