Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

CHAPTER 22.1 POSTWAR AMERICA

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 22.1 POSTWAR AMERICA"— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 22.1 POSTWAR AMERICA

2 WHY IT MATTERS! AFTER WW2, THE COUNTRY ENJOYED A PERIOD OF ECONOMIC PROSPERITY. MANY MORE AMERICANS COULD NOW ASPIRE TO A MIDDLE-CLASS LIFESTYLE, WITH A HOUSE IN THE SUBURBS AND MORE LEISURE TIME. TELEVISION BECAME A FAVORITE FORM OF ENTERTAINMENT. THIS GENERAL PROSPERITY, HOWEVER DID NOT EXTEND TO MANY HISPANICS, AFRICAN AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICANS, OR PEOPLE IN APPALACHIA.

3 THE IMPACT TODAY! THE MIDDLE-CLASS REPRESENTS A LARGE SEGMENT OF AMERICAN POPULATION. TELEVISION IS A POPULAR FORM OF ENTERTAINMENT FOR MANY AMERICANS.

4 A. RETURN TO A PEACETIME ECONOMY!
AFTER THE WAR MANY AMERICANS FEARED THE RETURN TO A PEACETIME ECONOMY. THEY WORRIED THAT AFTER MILITARY PRODUCTION HALTED, AND MILLIONS OF FORMER SOLDIERS JOINED THE LABOR MARKET, UNEMPLOYMENT AND RECESSION MIGHT SWEEP THE COUNTRY.

5 RETURN TO A PEACETIME ECONOMY!
DESPITE THESE WORRIES, THE ECONOMY CONTINUED TO GROW BECAUSE OF CONSUMER SPENDING. THE SERVICEMEN’S READJUSTMENT ACT, ALSO CALLED THE GI BILL, HELPED THE ECONOMY BY PROVIDING LOANS TO VETERANS TO ATTEND COLLEGE, SET UP BUSINESS AND BUY HOMES.

6 VIDEO https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4qvrkMmw5gg

7 INFLATION AND STRIKES THE POSTWAR ECONOMY WAS NOT WITHOUT ITS PROBLEMS. INCREASED SPENDING LED TO HIGHER PRICES FOR GOODS, WHICH THEN LED TO RISING INFLATION. WORKERS WENT ON STRIKE FOR INCREASED WAGES. PRES. TRUMAN FEARED AN ENERGY SHORTAGE, FORCED MINERS TO RETURN TO WORK AFTER A MONTH-LONG STRIKE.

8 REPUBLICAN VICTORY IN 1946, AMERICANS INTERESTED IN CHANGE ELECTED REPUBLICANS IN BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS. CONGRESS, WANTING TO CUT THE POWER OF ORGANIZED LABOR, PROPOSED THE TAFT-HARTLEY ACT. THA: THIS ACT OUTLAWED THE CLOSED SHOP, OR THE PRACTICE OF FORCING BUSINESS OWNERS TO HIRE ONLY UNION MEMBERS. STATES COULD PASS RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWS OUTLAWING UNION SHOPS, OR SHOPS WERE NEW WORKERS WERE REQUIRED TO JOIN THE UNION.

9 REPUBLICAN VICTORY THE ACT ALSO PROHIBITED FEATHERBEDDING, THE LIMITING OF WORK OUTPUT IN ORDER TO CREATE MORE JOBS. ALTHOUGH TRUMAN VETOED THE TAFT-HARTLEY ACT, CONGRESS PASSED IT IN 1947.

10 B.TRUMAN’S DOMESTIC PROGRAM
SHORTLY AFTER TAKING OFFICE, TRUMAN HAD PROPOSED A SERIES OF DOMESTIC MEASURES THAT SOUGHT TO CONTINUE THE WORK DONE AS PART OF FDR NEW DEAL. DURING HIS TENURE IN OFFICE, TRUMAN WORKED TO GET HIS AGENDAS THROUGH CONGRESS

11 TRUMAN’S LEGISLATIVE AGENDA
SOME OF TRUMAN’S PROPOSALS INCLUDED THE EXPANSION OF SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS, RAINSING THE MINIMUM WAGE FROM 40 TO 75 CENTS AN HOUR, AND A BROAD CIVIL RIGHTS BILL PROTECTING AFRICAN AMERICANS. HIS PROPOSAL MET WITH LITTLE SUCCESS WITH REPUBLICANS AND CONSERVATIVE DEMOCRATS

12 THE ELECTION OF 1948 AS THE ELECTION OF 1948 APPROACHED, IT LOOKED AS IF TRUMAN WOULD NOT BE REELECTED. DURING HIS CAMPAIGN, TRUMAN MADE SPEECHES THAT CRITICIZED A “DO NOTHING CONGRESS,”BECAUSE IT HAD NOT ENACTED ANY OF HIS LEGISLATIVE PROPOSALS. TRUMAN WON THE ELECTION, AND THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY ALSO MADE A COMEBACK, REGAINING CONTROL OF BOTH THE HOUSES OF THE CONGRESS.

13 THE FAIR DEAL TRUMAN’S DOMESTIC AGENDA WAS COINED THE FAIR DEAL. HE PUT FORTH IN HIS STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE THAT AMERICANS HAD THE RIGHT TO EXPECT A FAIR DEAL FROM THEIR GOVERNMENT. CONGRESS DID NOT SUPPORT ALL OF TRUMAN’S IDEAS.

14 THE FAIR DEAL WHILE THE MINIMUM WAGE WAS INCREASED AND THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM EXPANDED, CONGRESS REFUSED TO PASS NATIONAL HEALTH INSURANCE OR TO ENACT CIVIL RIGHTS LEGISLATION.

15 C. THE EISENHOWER YEARS WITH THE UNITED STATES AT WAR IN KOREA, TRUMAN’S FAIR DEAL FADED, AS DID HIS APPROVAL RATING. HE CHOSE TO NOT RUN FOR RE-ELECTION.

16 VIDEO https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pDnxgRzCB_M&list=PLC961CC5E9F818B9F 10:36 EISENHOWER/TV

17 IKE AS PRESIDENT THE REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE, DWIGHT EISENHOWER RAN WITH THE SLOGAN, “IT’S TIME FOR CHANGE.” HE PROMISED TO END THE KOREAN WAR. EISENHOWER WON IN A LANDSLIDE WITH RUNNINGMATE, SENATOR RICHARD NIXON.

18 IKE AS PRESIDENT PRESIDENT EISENHOWER’S POLITICAL BELIEFS WERE SELF-DESCRIBED AS MIDWAY BETWEEN CONSERVATIVE AND LIBERAL. HE REFERRED TO THE IDEA OF “DYNAMIC CONSERVATISM,” OR THE BALANCING OF ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM WITH SOME ACTIVISM.

19 IKE AS PRESIDENT ON THE CONSERVATIVE SIDE, EISENHOWER ENDED GOVERNMENT PRICE AND RENT CONTROLS, VETOED A SCHOOL CONSTRUCTION BILL, AND CUT AID FOR PUBLIC HOUSING WHILE ALSO SUPPORTING SOME TAX REDUCTIONS.

20 IKE AS PRESIDENT AS AN ACTIVIST, EISENHOWER PUSHED FOR THE FEDERAL HIGHWAY ACT, WHICH PROVIDED $25 BILLION FOR A 10 YEAR PROJECT TO CONSTRUCT 400, 000 MILES OF INTERSTATE HIGHWAYS. THIS ACT WAS NECESSARY TO PROVIDE MORE EFFICIENT TRAVEL ROUTES, DUE TO THE INCREASE IN CAR OWNERS.

21 VIDEO https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02sIZnoX1gY

22 EXTENDING THE NEW DEAL BY THE TIME EISENHOWER RAN FOR A SECOND TERM IN 1956, ONE IN WHICH HE EASILY WON, AMERICA TRANSITIONED FROM A WARTIME TO PEACETIME ECONOMY. AMERICANS FOCUSED THEIR ENERGY ON A DECADE OF TREMDOUS PROSPERITY.


Download ppt "CHAPTER 22.1 POSTWAR AMERICA"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google