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Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Identify the problems of the postwar economy. Explain the effects of the changing society on the lives of Americans.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Identify the problems of the postwar economy. Explain the effects of the changing society on the lives of Americans."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Identify the problems of the postwar economy. Explain the effects of the changing society on the lives of Americans during the 1950s. Compare life in the suburbs with life in the cities. Objectives

2 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Terms and People closed shop – a workplace in which only union members can be hired productivity – the ability of workers to work efficiently and produce more goods standard of living – a measure of how comfortable life is for a person, group, or country baby boom – the increased birth rate that happened after World War II

3 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Terms and People (continued) rock-and-roll – a blend of black rhythm–and- blues and country music Elvis Presley – the most popular singer of rock- and-roll in the 1950s and 1960s inner city – centers of older cities

4 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Many Americans enjoyed prosperity, but not all shared the benefits of the economic boom. How did the American economy and society change after World War II? Important economic, social, and political changes occurred in America after World War II.

5 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity After the war, America faced the challenges of returning to a peacetime economy. Defense industries had closed or scaled back. Congress passed the GI Bill of Rights, giving veterans money for businesses, homes, and schooling. Millions of returned soldiers needed jobs.

6 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Americans also faced high inflation after the war. With the war over, Americans were eager to buy consumer goods. The demand far exceeded the supply of goods, resulting in soaring inflation. Inflation

7 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity As prices rose, workers demanded higher pay. When employers refused, many workers went on strike. President Truman ended some of the strikes. This angered workers. Truman then encouraged industries to raise wages. This caused inflation and angered consumers.

8 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Congress passed the Taft-Hartley Act in response to the strikes. Taft-Hartley Act The government could delay a strike for 80 days to preserve public safety. Closed shops, where only union members could be hired, were banned. Truman vetoed the act, but Congress still passed it.

9 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Truman gradually lost much of his popularity. Liberal Democrats were unhappy with his policy of challenging Soviet expansion. White Southern Democrats were angered by his support of civil rights. The Republicans were sure they would win the election of Truman campaigned tirelessly, attacking the “do- nothing” Republican Congress.

10 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Truman’s chances for re-election seemed slim. Truman’s narrow victory was one of the biggest upsets in American history. The Chicago Tribune printed an early headline declaring Truman’s loss.

11 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity In his second term, Truman proposed his Fair Deal program. Congress passed some of his proposals. Passed Increase in the minimum wage Funds for flood control Funds for low- income housing Not Passed Funds for education National health insurance Reducing racial discrimination

12 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Truman did not run again in War hero Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected by a landslide. Eisenhower served two terms as President. Increasing the number of people who could receive Social Security benefits. The Interstate Highway Act of 1956, which funded a national freeway system. His achievements include:

13 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity The Eisenhower years were prosperous ones for many Americans. Inflation slowed and employment was high. New technology such as computers increased American productivity. By the end of the 1950s, Americans manufactured and bought 1 out of every 2 products made anywhere in the world.

14 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity One important product was the television. By 1960, most families had one. TVs brought news and entertainment into people’s homes. Watching TV became the most important family activity.

15 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Television helped make popular a new kind of music, called rock-and-roll. Elvis Presley was the most popular rock-and- roll singer. Teens idolized Presley, but many adults found his music and dancing too provocative.

16 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Americans married earlier and raised more children than previous generations. Growing families increased the demand for many goods. This trend became known as the baby boom.

17 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Throughout the 1950s, the American standard of living rose steadily. Home and car ownership rose. New jobs put money in consumers’ pockets.

18 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity As more Americans purchased cars, they began to live further away from work. Suburbs grew quickly as people left the cities behind. Suburbs around cities in the West grew the most quickly, and their political power grew as well.

19 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Many who lived in the cities did not share in the growing prosperity of the suburbs.

20 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity The movement to the suburbs caused inner cities to decline. As people moved to suburbs, jobs followed. Cities became home to poorer, less educated people. CitiesSuburbs The suburbs prospered.Schools and services suffered, and crime rose.

21 Chapter 25 Section 2 A Time of Prosperity Section Review Know It, Show It QuizQuickTake Quiz


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