3Return to Peacetime Economy Servicemen’s Readjustment Act (GI Bill) – helped the economy by providing loans to veterans to attend college, set up businesses, and buy homes.
4Inflation and StrikesIncreased spending led to higher prices for goods, which then led to rising inflation.Workers went on strike for increased wages.Pres. Truman, fearing an energy shortage, forced miners to return to work after a month-long strike.
5Republican Victory1946 – Republicans wanted change and elected Republicans in both houses of Congress.
6Republican Changes Taft-Hartley Act – (passed in 1947) cut the power of organized laborOutlawed the closed shop, or practice of forcing business owners to hire only union membersStates could pass right-to-work laws outlawing union shops, or shops where new workers were required to join the unionProhibited featherbedding, the limiting of work output in order to create more jobs.
7Truman’s Domestic Program Some of Truman’s many proposals included:Expansion of Social Security benefitsRaising minimum wage from 40 to 75 centsBroad civil rights bill
8Election of 1948As the election approached, it looked as if Truman would not be reelected.Truman criticized, “Do-Nothing Congress” because it hadn’t enacted any of his proposals.Truman won and Democrats regained both houses of Congress
10The Fair Deal Truman’s domestic agenda was known as the Fair Deal. Congress did not support all Truman’s ideas.Congress passedMinimum wage increaseSocial Security expansionCongress refused to passNational health insuranceCivil rights legislation
11The Eisenhower Years Truman decided not to run for reelection. Eisenhower’s slogan – “It’s time for a change!”Won by a landslide.Vice President was Richard M. Nixon.
13Ike as PresidentPolitical beliefs were midway b/w conservative and liberal.“Dynamic Conservatism” – the balancing of economic conservation with some activism.
14Conservative Ike Ended gov’t price and rent controls. Vetoed a school construction bill.Cut aid for public housingSupported tax reductions
15Activist IkePushed for passage of the Federal Highway Act, which provided $25 billion for a 10-year project to construct 40,000 miles of interstate highways.Authorized the construction of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway.