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ELECTION OF 1948 TRUMAN, DEWEY, THURMAN HST UNENTHUSIASTICALLY NOMINATED “GIVE ‘EM HELL HARRY” & FAIR DEAL STRONG ON CIVIL RIGHTS DEWEY FOR THE REPUBLICANS.

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Presentation on theme: "ELECTION OF 1948 TRUMAN, DEWEY, THURMAN HST UNENTHUSIASTICALLY NOMINATED “GIVE ‘EM HELL HARRY” & FAIR DEAL STRONG ON CIVIL RIGHTS DEWEY FOR THE REPUBLICANS."— Presentation transcript:

1 ELECTION OF 1948 TRUMAN, DEWEY, THURMAN HST UNENTHUSIASTICALLY NOMINATED “GIVE ‘EM HELL HARRY” & FAIR DEAL STRONG ON CIVIL RIGHTS DEWEY FOR THE REPUBLICANS – TRASH HST RECORD AS BEST THEY CAN S. THURMAN – DIXIECRAT – SEGREGATIONIST RESPONSE TO CIVIL RIGHTS PLATFORM OF DEMS WALLAGE – RUNS AS PROGRESSIVE COLD WAR LIBERALISM: PRESERVE CORE OF N.D. WELFARE STATE, CONTAINMENT, ROOT OUT COMMIES AT HOME

2 TRUMAN LOSES CONTROL- RED’S EVERYWHERE 3 ISSUES HIT ADMINISTRATION HARD JAPAN EMBRACED PEACE & REDUCED MILITARY & W/ MACARTHUR’S HELP GOT NEW CONSTITUTION & SOVEREIGNTY RESTORED 1951 CHINA – CIVIL WAR RAGED & TO SELL MARSHALL PLAN RATCHET UP THE RHETORIC $2 BILL HAD GONE TO NATIONALISTS BUT TO NO AVAIL HST NOT WILLING TO COMMIT TROOPS SO REPUBLICANS BLAME HST & LACK OF DIPLOMACY FOR COMMUNIST TAKEOVER OF CHINA

3 SPIES & MORE SPIES ALGER HISS & HUAC – HAD BEEN AT YALTA W. CHAMBERS CALLS OUT HISS; BOTH COMMITTED PERJURY HISS SENTENCED & JAILED ROSENBERGS: GUILTY OF PROVIDING A-BOMB INFO TO SOVIETS WERE REPS. RIGHT ABOUT FDR? MACARTHY: “I HAVE THE NAMES OF 206…” GREAT RUN FROM BUT CRASHED & BURNED

4 NORTH KOREA INVADES SOUTH KOREA POST WWII KOREA DIVIDED TEMP- ORARILY AT 38 TH PARALLEL & JOINT OCCUPATION BY SOVIETS & AMERICANS AS EUROPEAN TENSIONS INCREASE BORDER BECOMES HARDENED NORTH KOREA WANTS UNIFICATION & STALIN RESISTED UNTIL THEY WORE HIM DOWN W/ PROMISE OF A QUICK VICTORY 6/25/50 NK INVADES SK – 3 YEARS OF BLOODSHED HST ASKS UN FOR PEACE ACTION, SOVIETS BOYCOTTING UN SO CAN’T VETO, UN SAYS YES TO PEACEKEEPING FORCES D. MACARTHUR IN CHARGE, BUSTS LOOSE, DRAWS IN CHINESE, SACKED BY HST CONSEQUENCES: COMMIT TROOPS W/O CONG. APPROVAL, CONTAINMENT NOW INTERNATIONAL POLICY, HST GAVE INTO HUGE MILITARY BUILD UP

5 ELECTION OF 1952: ERA OF POLITICAL MODERATION UNDER D. EISENHOWER TRUMAN/KEFAUVER/ STEVENSON – DEMS EISENHOWER & NIXON – REPS ECO SOUND SO NOT AN ISSUE IKE WAS WAR HERO, BALANCE W/I DIVIDED REP. PARTY: TAFT ON CONSERVATIVE END & ROCKEFELLER ON THE LEFT MODERATE NOT ELIMINATE NEW DEAL NIXON, GIFTS & CHECKERS SPEECH

6 CONTAINMENT GUIDES IKE IN FOR. POL. “NEW LOOK” DEFENSE POLICY STEP UP PRODUCTION OF H-BOMB & DEVELOP LONG RANGE BOMBING CAPABILITIES – SOVIETS WILL MATCH US DULLES, SEC. STATE, “ROLL BACK THE SOVIETS” AGGRESSIVE STANCE AGAINST COMMUNISM CONTAINMENT COSTLY CONCERNED ABOUT STABILITY MORE THAN DEMOCRACY ABROAD DULLES’ BRINKMANSHIP & MASSIVE RETALIATION – COLD WARRIOR TO THE BONE ROLE IN SHORING UP ALLIES EVEN IF CONTROLLED BY REPRESSIVE GOV’TS: IRAN, CUBA, S. KOREA, PHILL., NIC, S. VIETNAM NATO & SEATO – DEVELOPING NATIONS MUST CHOOSE SIDES: POST COLONIAL WORLD STALIN DIES 53, KRUSCHEV TAKES OVER ‘56

7 EMERGING NATIONS & E. EUROPE SEATO 1954: US, EURO ALLIES & AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND, PAKISTAN, PHIL., & THAILAND CENTO IRAN, PAKISTAN, TURKEY, UK & US – CIA RUN BY ALAN DULLES IRANIAN PREMIER TRIED TO NATIONALIZE OIL INDUSTRY BUT OUSTED BY CIA & REPLACED WITH SHAH, REZA PAHLAVI – EVENTUALLY LEADS TO IRANIAN REVOLUTION IN 79 – OPPRESSIVE OK AS LONG AS NOT COMMUNIST. CIA COUP IN GUATEMALA AGAINST DEM. ELECTED RULER: TRIED TO TAKE BACK LAND OWNED BY UNITED FRUIT 1954 IKE APPROVED CIA OPS KRUSCHEV & PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE BUT NIKITA HAD LIMITS HUNGARIANS REVOLT 1956 & CRUSHED, BUDAPEST A SLAUGHTERHOUSE


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