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Andrea Richardson & Alicia Smith. “Once I really am in power, my first and foremost task will be the annihilation of the Jews…until all Germany has been.

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Presentation on theme: "Andrea Richardson & Alicia Smith. “Once I really am in power, my first and foremost task will be the annihilation of the Jews…until all Germany has been."— Presentation transcript:

1 Andrea Richardson & Alicia Smith

2 “Once I really am in power, my first and foremost task will be the annihilation of the Jews…until all Germany has been completely cleansed of Jews.” — Adolf Hitler

3 The term “Holocaust” refers to the Nazi’s persecution of the Jewish people Targeted Jews, Gypsies, Homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and the Disabled Ethnic cleansing of anyone that did not fit Hitler’s idea of a perfect race.

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6 Yellow Star of David with the word Jude in the middle November 23, 1939 Jews 10-years old or older September 1, 1941 All Jews were required to wear the yellow Star or arm band

7 Made them a target of violence and humiliation He who wears this symbol is an enemy of our people. He who wears this symbol is an enemy of our people.

8 ang=en&ModuleId= &MediaId=6222 I had no choice but to wear the star. ―Delia Van Haren The yellow badge was a kind of stamp. A stamp that distinguished me from the rest of the population. Anyone could approach me, tell me, do to me whatever they wanted.” —Jutta Szmirgeld, age 12

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10 Jews: Entry is Forbidden Sign at the entrance of a park Jews: Entry is Forbidden Sign at the entrance of a park Jews go to the left, non-Jews to the right. Sign on a streetcar Jews go to the left, non-Jews to the right. Sign on a streetcar Images from:

11 November November 15, 1938 All Jewish children are expelled from public schools. Segregated Jewish schools are created. Diary Entry: Diary Entry: During the war, I’ve been During the war, I’ve been studying by myself, at studying by myself, at home. When I remember home. When I remember that I used to go to school, that I used to go to school, I feel like crying. I feel like crying. —David Rabinowitz, August 1940 Diary Entry: Diary Entry: During the war, I’ve been During the war, I’ve been studying by myself, at studying by myself, at home. When I remember home. When I remember that I used to go to school, that I used to go to school, I feel like crying. I feel like crying. —David Rabinowitz, August 1940

12 Forced to live in ghettos

13 Images from:

14 Diary Entry: When I look at the barbed wire that separates us from the rest of the world, my soul longs for freedom—like a bird in a cage. My eyes are filled with tears. I envy those birds that can fly freely. When I write these words my heart breaks and I see images from the past. Will I ever live in better times? Who knows? It’s a difficult question. May God help us. Will I be with my parents and friends after the war? Will we have enough bread and rye flour? Right now the starvation is at its peak. Once again we have nothing to cook…. Everybody wants to live. — Anonymous girl, March 6, 1942, the ódz ghetto in Poland Diary Entry: When I look at the barbed wire that separates us from the rest of the world, my soul longs for freedom—like a bird in a cage. My eyes are filled with tears. I envy those birds that can fly freely. When I write these words my heart breaks and I see images from the past. Will I ever live in better times? Who knows? It’s a difficult question. May God help us. Will I be with my parents and friends after the war? Will we have enough bread and rye flour? Right now the starvation is at its peak. Once again we have nothing to cook…. Everybody wants to live. — Anonymous girl, March 6, 1942, the ódz ghetto in Poland UNITED-STATES-HOLOCAUST-MEMORIAL-MUSEUM-WASHINGTON

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16 Krystyna and her brother Pawelek Chiger lived for 14 months in a sewer, never seeing the light of day. Later we headed for the sewer. It was very wet and dark. I was very scared and I was shaking, but I tried to be calm and only asked Daddy if we still had far to go. There were stones with yellow worms crawling all over. We put all our things over the stones and sat on top of them. It was awful there. Water seeped from the walls and it smelled bad. I saw large, red rats which ran by us just like chickens. At first I was very afraid, but later I got used to it. My little brother, Pawelek, was not scared at all. —Krystyna Chiger Later we headed for the sewer. It was very wet and dark. I was very scared and I was shaking, but I tried to be calm and only asked Daddy if we still had far to go. There were stones with yellow worms crawling all over. We put all our things over the stones and sat on top of them. It was awful there. Water seeped from the walls and it smelled bad. I saw large, red rats which ran by us just like chickens. At first I was very afraid, but later I got used to it. My little brother, Pawelek, was not scared at all. —Krystyna Chiger Pawelek, 3 years old Krystyna, 7 years old

17 Often, families were torn apart. In a desperate attempt to save their children, parents made the agonizing decision to leave their little ones with strangers. And, frequently, children were left to fend for themselves, wandering through forests and villages in search of food and shelter.

18 Thousands of Jewish children survived the Holocaust because they were protected by people and institutions of other faiths. Children quickly learned to master the prayers and rituals of their “adopted” religion in order to keep their Jewish identity hidden from even their closest friends.

19 I was 4 years old and my brother was 5-1/2 years old when we were first separated from our parents and placed in a Protestant orphanage in Belgium. I was a depressed and confused child, but with the passing of time, I began to believe that all children lived away from their parents. — Lili Silberman I was 4 years old and my brother was 5-1/2 years old when we were first separated from our parents and placed in a Protestant orphanage in Belgium. I was a depressed and confused child, but with the passing of time, I began to believe that all children lived away from their parents. — Lili Silberman Lili & Charles Silberman with their Mother Lili & Charles Silberman with their Mother

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21 Life within Nazi concentration camps was horrible. Prisoners were forced to do hard physical labor and yet given tiny rations. Prisoners slept three or more people per crowded wooden bunk (no mattress or pillow). Torture within the concentration camps was common and deaths were frequent.

22 Because children were generally too young to be deployed at forced labor, German authorities generally selected them, along with the elderly, ill, and disabled, for the first deportations to concentration camps, or as the first victims led to mass graves to be shot. Upon arrival at Auschwitz-Birkenau and other killing centers, the camp authorities sent the majority of children directly to the gas chambers where they were killed by poisonous gases. Children being led to the gas chambers.

23 Physicians and medical researchers used a number of children, including twins, in concentration camps for medical experiments that often resulted in the deaths of the children. Concentration camp authorities deployed adolescents, particularly Jewish adolescents, at forced labor in the concentration camps, where many died because of conditions.

24 Slide 8 Slide 11 Slide 14 MUSEUM-WASHINGTON Slide 18 Slides 3 and 21 Slides 22 and 23 Slides 16, 17, 19


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