Presentation on theme: "Tutankhamen This Egyptian Pharaoh was born with the name of Tutankhamen – the living image of the God Aton - the origins of Tutankhamen are still mysterious,"— Presentation transcript:
This Egyptian Pharaoh was born with the name of Tutankhamen – the living image of the God Aton - the origins of Tutankhamen are still mysterious, numerous scholars think that he is a son of Amenhotep IV and Nefertiti. Converted to the worship of Amon, Tutankhamen orders the construction of a temple to the west of Tebas. Successor of Akhenaton, the young Pharaoh rises to the throne at 9 years of age and reigns until his dead; died with 18 years, from1335 to 1327 B.C. Tutankhamen was buried in the Valley of the Kings, in Tebas. His tomb discovered in 1922 by Howard Carter, is the biggest archaeological discovery of the XX century and at the time of the discovery it was one of few almost intact graves. All the marvelous objects found in the tomb constitute the treasure of Tutankhamen created 14 centuries B.C. by Egyptian artists and represent a fabulous exponent of Egyptian art.
Valley of the Kings. Entrance to the tomb of Tutankhamen
First Funeral Chamber
Second Funeral Chamber
Detail of the 1st Sarcophagus
Profile of the 1st Sarcophagus
Detail of the 2nd Sarcophagus
View of the 2nd Sarcophagus
11 kg (22.2 lb.) of Gold
Pots of alabaster containing the inner organs
Amset and Isis protect the liver, Hapi and Nephtys the lungs, Douamoutef and I annoy Neith and Kebehsenouef et Selket the intestines. Each organ wrapped in linen, was put in a sarcophagus miniature – with the form of the deceased Tutankhamen – that was put in the alabaster pot correspondingly. Sarcophagus Miniature 2 de 4
The chapel of the sepulchral shows images of 4 goddesses, Selket, Nephthys, Isis et Neith that protect it with open arms. They are dressed with representations of clothing from Nefertiti.
Coffer in the form of chapel topped by Anubis
Objects in the 1st. Funeral Chamber
Royal Carriage with gold inlaids, ivory and fine woods
NextPicture. The arms of the throne represent two serpents when bearers of the double crown and guardians of the "cartridge" of Tutankhamen were hauled. The feet are decorated by two leaders of lion ended with paws. A decoration of the time, symbolizes the Union of Two Lands, ties two feet. Tutankhamen and his wife Ankhsenamon, are of front one for other, in the decoration of the back. The Pharaoh, seated, has a head of hair decorated with a crown. The feet rest in a cushion installed in a stool. The queen, standing, places a hand in the shoulder of the Pharaoh and has in other one a cup with ointments. It is adorned by a diadem of Uraeusle that there support the disc, two feathers and two lengthened horns. The encrusted elements are of blue glass, the silver clothes and incrustations from semiprecious stones. The rays of the Sun of the god Aton remember the time of the heresy of the period of Amarna. The rear of the back has also the initial name of the sovereign and of his wife: Tutankhamen et Ankhsenpaton.
Details of Royal Throne
Side Detail of the Royal Throne
Back Detail of the Royal Throne
The previously shown chair, has inlaid golden leaf and is totally decorated by incrustations from ivory, ebony, semi-precious stones and porcelain.
Head rest in Ivory
Sacred Whip and Scepter
The Goddess Cobra Netjerankh The Hornless God Hórus
Statues Representing Various Pharaohs
The underground compartment encloses 32 statuettes, including 7 representing the Pharaoh. The series, which constitutes a pantheon of Egyptians divinities, evoke the cycle of the myths and legends of this period, of the Enneade of the great gods (Pesedjet – the 9 divinities) including of the children of Hórus.
Statues with gold inlaids
Royal Knives of the Pharaoh
The ligaments of the mummy of Tutankhamen enveloped 143 objects of the parts of the body which had to be protected by his specific powers. Golden objects or of solid gold, finely worked, encrusted of semi-precious stones reflected religious or divine reproductions.
The Beetles The reproductions in stone had to prevent the devouring the soul of the dead person by Ammit. Ammit was the goddess who, after the weighing of the heart, was devouring the souls of the judged unworthy human ones in order to prevent their continued existence in the afterlife. It seems that, according to the importance of the dead person in life, the more beetle charms the deceased person received for the tomb. Many Beetles have been found in numerous jewels.
Braceletes direito e esquerdo com o olho de Hórus
Necklaces, Pendants and Pectoral Jewells
Oujdat Oujdat (or eye of Hórus) was a protector of the dead, of disease and of the bad spells.
Pectoral necklace with beetles and baboons The beetle, in the divine barge, represents the god Sol in aurora.
The tomb of the Pharaoh contains 413. The Chaouabti substituted the dead person in all the agricultural tasks connected with the toil (work) of the royal house. The housework was considered compulsory for all the dead men. The human paintings and sculptures placed in the tomb, initially of wood of avocado tree, were considered as the servants of the dead person in the afterlife.
Bust of Tutankhamen
Ornament of Saddlery (saddle)
Papyrus showing the Pharaoh and the Queen
Frames of Mirrors
Vessel in alabaster with gold inlaids
The Pharaoh seated in a chair. Solid gold.
Burner of perfume. Encrusted in alabaster from gold and ivory.
Lid of chest, encrusted of ivory
It deals with war scene. The Pharaoh, like sphinx, destroying his enemies.
Chest decorated with scene of battle
Statuette of the Ka – spiritual double – of Tutankhamen
Valise of Tutankhamen, containing his name
End of the travel of the Tutankhamen’sTomb in the Valley of the Kings from the Treasures of Tutankhamen All these objects and others considered relics found in the tomb, can be seen in the Museum of Cairo. Realisado por + Translated to the English language by Baldor Alumni