Presentation on theme: "Ancient Egyptian Art Dawn Deming, Art I Reference: Mrs. Kraft, poweropint 2001 Ancient Egyptian Art."— Presentation transcript:
Ancient Egyptian Art Dawn Deming, Art I Reference: Mrs. Kraft, poweropint 2001 Ancient Egyptian Art
Objectives By the time we finish this unit you should be able to: Describe life in ancient Egypt Tell what kinds of art were created in ancient Egypt Create a scratch art image and a canopic jar of a coffin or mummy case in the style of the ancient Egyptians
Remember: Items that you will be tested on will be written in red. Make sure you write these items down. Tutankhamun coffin 1352 BC
Words that you will learn: Hieroglyphic Stele Pharaoh Papyrus Scribe An artist that you will meet: Imhotep Tutankhamun coffin 1352 BC
Geography Located in the Nile river valley Civilization developed by about 3,000 BC
Geography Protected from invaders by: mountains to the south vast deserts on both sides Mediterranean Sea to the north
Geography This location kept Egypt separate from the rest of the world, so the Egyptians had a unique and enduring style of life and art for about 3,000 years.
People Communities were made up of: Hunters and fishermen Soldiers Slaves Priests Scribes Artists and craftsmen Farmers and herdsmen Fishing Scene Tomb of Kenamun About 1430 BC
People Artists, craftsmen and scribes were honored and admired. A scribe is a scholar who could read and write. Scribes wrote on papyrus. Papyrus is a reed pounded to make a heavy type of paper. Seated Scribe Painted Limestone About 2500 BC
People The leader was called a pharaoh. The pharaoh was believed to be half man, half god. The afterlife of the pharaoh is an important theme in ancient Egyptian art. Tutankhamun Sarcophagus About 1340 BC
Contributions The ancient Egyptians: Made bricks Used sails on the water Used wheels on land Harnessed animals for work Trained donkeys to carry people Combined copper and tin to make bronze Forged tools from copper. Egyptian Boat
Contributions They also used hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics are an early form of picture writing.
Architecture The greatest architectural achievements of the Ancient Egyptians were the pyramids. Pyramids were built as tombs for the pharaohs. They contained the items that the Egyptians believed that the Pharaoh would need in the afterlife. Much of the art that remains was preserved in the pyramids.
Architecture The first pyramid was built for King Zoser. It was a “step pyramid”. It was designed and built by an artist and architect named Imhotep. Imhotep is the first artist whose name is recorded in history. This pyramid was built about 2600 BC.
Architecture The three “great pyramids” are located at Giza.
Architecture They are guarded by the Great Sphinx. The sphinx is carved from a rocky ledge. It was damaged by Muslim vandalism and sand and wind.
Architecture The ancient Egyptians also built beautiful temples. This is the Temple of Re The post and lintel system was used to build this temple.
Mummies The pyramids and tombs contained the mummified remains of the pharaohs. The ancient Egyptians believed that the soul (called the Ka) would need to use the body in the afterlife, so the bodies were carefully preserved. Many items in the tombs were left there to be used by the Ka in the afterlife.
These are the mummified remains of a pharaoh named Ramses II.
Mummies After embalming, mummies were carefully wrapped in yards of linen bandages.
Mummies The ancient Egyptians even mummified animals.
Sculpture Painted relief sculpture lined the walls of pyramids. This is called a stele. A stele is a carved upright stone slab used as a monument.
Sculpture This stele shows Ramses II slaying his enemies.
Sculpture Notice that the sculptures are stiff, formal, and stylized.
Sculpture Faces face forward, and the left foot is slightly ahead of the right. There are no open spaces in the stone that the figures are carved from.
Sculpture Artists used materials found in the Nile river valley. They were: Gold Turquoise Lapis Lazuli Red coral Glass
This gold mask rested on the head of the mummy of King Tutankhaman. King Tutankhamun was a married boy King of 19 years when he died Tutankhamun was in his teens when he married his half sister Keeping property, wealth and power closely within the family was thought to safeguard the continuance of the dynasty. Many of the ancient Egyptian names end in 'amun” or “aman”
King Tut had a magnificent tomb filled with golden treasure to keep him well contented in the afterlife. The Pharaoh's body was inside 3 coffins, with a stone sarcophagus surround and 4 gilded shrines. The weight of the coffin was so heavy it took 8 men to lift it. It was only when the layers were removed that the second coffin revealed itself to be solid gold. The mummified corpse also had a separate gold mask. But the king's embalmed organs were stored apart in a nearby shrine. The treasure included vast quantities of gold or gold inlaid items - a gold dagger, gold sandals, a wooden gold decorated inlaid throne, gold statues, carved cosmetic jars, ivory game board set, chests, and various boxes.
Sculpture Notice how Ramses II faces forward. He appears to be very rigid. This is typical of ancient Egyptian sculpture.
Sculpture This sculpture of Queen Nefertiti is much more relaxed and graceful than most ancient Egyptian sculpture. It seems Queen Nefertiti only bore daughters, making her a
Crafts Craftsmen made furniture, jewelry, pottery, and other useful items.
Painting Ancient Egyptians followed a very strict set of rules in their art. One of these rules was to show the human body from the most familiar or visible angle.
Painting Again, the figures appear to be rigid and stylized. Notice the left foot and body posture.
Painting Paintings tell us about the daily lives of the ancient Egyptians.
Painting This painting is somewhat unusual. Can you spot the reason why?
Painting The gods are often depicted in the tomb paintings. Some of the most famous gods include Osiris, chief judge and god of resurrection and vegetation, Isis wife of Osiris and divine mother of Horus. Horus the soaring hawk, was the divine god and protector of the King with his all seeing eye. Re or sometimes Ra the sun god was reborn every day and was the overall head of some nine gods. After life came death, then rebirth. Anubis was the guide for the dead seeking their way to the underworld whilst being the patron of embalmers and always depicted a black jackal headed man.
Objectives Now that you have watched this presentation, can you Describe life in Ancient Egypt? Tell what kinds of art were created in ancient Egypt?
Can you define these terms? Hieroglyphic Stele Pharaoh Papyrus Scribe What did the artist Imhotep do?
The Egyptians used hieroglyphics and various patterns to decorate the pharaohs’ coffins. You will use pattern and symbols that represent things that are important in your life to make a canopic jar and a scratch art image that that resembles those of the ancient Egyptians. What symbols will you use? Assignment