Presentation on theme: "Poetry Poetry is just the evidence of life. If your life is burning well, poetry is just the ash. ~Leonard Cohen."— Presentation transcript:
1PoetryPoetry is just the evidence of life. If your life is burning well, poetry is just the ash. ~Leonard Cohen
2Types of PoemsBallad: A poem that uses simple language and a great deal of repetition to tell a sensational story of tragedy or adventure.Lyric Poem: A poem that expresses a writer’s thoughts and feelings on a given subject.Narrative Poem: A poem that tells a story or relays a sequence of related events.
3AlliterationAlliteration: The repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together.It is used to create musical effects, speed or slow the pace of the meter, or cause an image to “stick” in the mind of the reader.
4Assonance repetition of vowel sounds but not consonant sounds Examples: Try to light the fire.He gave a nod to the officer with the pocket.
5“The Eagle” by Alfred Lord Tennyson He clasps the crag with crooked hands;Close to the sun in lonely lands,Ring’d with the azure world, he stands.The wrinkled sea beneath him crawls;He watches from his mountain walls,And like a thunderbolt he falls.
6Alliteration and Consonance Alliteration: The repetition of thesame or similar consonantsounds at the beginning of wordsThat are close together.Consonance: The repetition oflike consonant sounds in themiddle and end of words.Assonance: The repetition ofsimilar vowel sounds.Alliteration, Consonance, andAssonance are used to createmusical effects and to establishMood and tone.From “Song of Myself #1”by Walt Whitman“I celebrate myself, and sing myself,And what I assume you shall assume,For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.I loaf and invite my soul,I lean and loaf at my ease, observing a spear of summer grass…”
7Diction = Word Choice A poet communicates through the words he uses. He often draws on the Connotativemeaning of words to reveal his attitude ortone. The Connotation of a word is theemotional attachment or association with itsmeaning. The Denotative meaning is theword’s Dictionary definition.
8Let’s Explore Connotation! What is the dictionary or denotative meaning of the word “loser”?What does the word “loser” imply connotatively?What is the dictionary or denotative meaning of the word “gifted.”What is the connotation of the word?
9HyperboleA figure of speech which is an exaggeration or overstatement.Examples: expressions such as "I nearly died laughing," "I was hopping mad," and "I tried a thousand times,” “I'm so hungry I could eat a horse.”Such statements are not literally true, but people make them to sound impressive or to emphasize something, such as a feeling, effort, or reaction.
10Imagery Painting a picture with words, sensory language, and images Example: The bright yellowFlowers swayed in the light afternoon breeze.
11Internal Rhyme:Rhyme that occurs within a line of poetry or within consecutive lines.“Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,…Ah distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December…”“The Raven”
12Simile and Metaphor“Dreams”by Langston HughesHold fast to dreamsFor if dreams dieLife is a broken-winged birdThat cannot fly.For when dreams goLife is a barren fieldFrozen with snow.Simile: Making a comparison between two unlike things using “like,” “as,” or “than.”Metaphor: Making the same comparison without the comparative language.
13“A Dream Deferred” by Langston Hughes What happens to a dream deferred?Does it dry upLike a raisin in the sun?Or fester like a sore ----And then run?Does it stink like rotten meat?Or crust and sugar over ---Like a syrupy sweet?Maybe it just sagsLike a heavy load.Or does it explode?
14“Apparently with no Surprise” To any happy FlowerThe Frost beheads it at its play –In accidental power –The Blonde Assassin passes on –The Sun proceeds unmovedTo measure off another DayFor an Approving God.~ Emily Dickinson
15OnomatopoeiaThe use of words whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning like buzz, bang, pow, zoom, clomp, etc.This form of imagery appeals to the sense of hearing.
16OxymoronA figure of speech that combines opposites or expresses a seemingly contradictory idea.Examples:Parting is such sweet sorrow.The room held a deafening silence.
17Personification Giving human qualities to animals or nonliving things Example: Time stood still.The car hugged the road.
18Rhyme SchemePattern of rhymes in a poem. Rhyme scheme is usually referred to by letters representing the rhyming words, so that one can refer to an abab rhyme scheme.Example: Roses are red, aViolets are blue, bSugar is sweet cAnd so are you! b
19Symbol word or object that stands for another word or object Example: The object or word can be seen with the eye or not visible. For example a dove stands for Peace. The dove can be seen and peace cannot.
20Poetic Forms“Heart! We will forget him!”by Emily DickinsonHeart! We will forget him!You and I – tonight!You may forget the warmth he gave –I will forget the light!When you have done, pray tell meThat I may straight begin!haste! Lest while you’re laggingI remember him!Stanza: unit of a poem often repeated in the same form throughout a poem; a unit of poetic lines ("verse paragraph")Free verse: lines with no prescribed pattern or structureCouplet: a pair of lines, usually rhymed
21Who Is the Poet? Identifying the VOICE, or literary personality, and TONE of thepoet is very important inunderstanding his message.The TONE is the author’sattitude about the subject andcan be determined by thewords, phrases, and images heuses. TONE is expressed inemotions, such as angry, joyful, sad, etc.Note: Often a poet’s TONE shifts or changes through the poemInk runs from the corners of my mouth There is no happiness like mine. I have been eating poetry. ~Mark Strand
22Tone writer's attitude toward the material and/or readers. Tone may be playful, formal, intimate, angry, serious, ironic, outraged, baffled, tender, serene, depressed, etc.
23Poetry:Poetry is a deal of joy and pain and wonder, with a dash of the dictionary. ~Kahlil GibranA poem is never finished, only abandoned.~Paul ValéryTo see the Summer SkyIs Poetry, though never in a Book it lie –True Poems flee. ~Emily Dickinson