Literary Terms Poetry English 9 Mrs. Williams Irony- A situation, or use of language, involving some kind of incongruity or discrepancy
Difference: Tone and Mood Tone The writer’s or speaker’s attitude toward his subject, his audience, or himself; the emotional coloring, or emotional meaning, of a work Mood The emotional feeling or atmosphere in a work of literature, sometimes created by descriptions of the setting.
Figurative Language Language employing figures of speech; language that cannot be taken literally or only literally – Simile – Metaphor – Personification Sound Device – Onomatopoeia
Simile A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two things essentially unlike. The comparison is made explicit by the use of some such word or phrases as like, as, similar to, resembles, or seems.
Metaphor A figure of speech in which an implicit comparison is made between two things essentially unlike. It may take one of four (4) forms 1.That in which the literal term and the figurative term are both named 2.That in which the literal term is named and the figurative term is implied 3.That in which the literal term is implied and the figurative term named 4.That in which both the literal and the figurative terms are implied.
Personification/Onomatopoeia Personification- A figure of speech in which human attributes are given to an animal, an object or concept. Onomatopoeia-The use of words that supposedly mimic their meaning in their sound – Example: boom, click, pop
Repetition of Sounds: Consonance The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words. Examples: book - plaque - thicker
Repetition of Sounds: Assonance The repetition at close intervals of the vowel sounds of accented syllables or important words. Examples: 1. hat - ran - amber 2. vein - made
Repetition of Sounds: Alliteration The repetition at close intervals of the initial consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words. Examples: map-mood kill-code, preach-approve Important words and accented syllables beginning with vowels may also be said to alliterate with each other inasmuch as they all have the same lack of initial consonant sound. Examples “Inebriate of air am I”
Rhyme Scheme Any fixed pattern of rhymes characterizing a whole poem or its stanzas – Internal Rhyme – Slant Rhyme – External Rhyme (End Rhyme)
Internal and External (End) Rhyme Internal Rhyme: A rhyme in which one or both of the rhyme- words occur WITHIN the line. – Example: “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore, While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door. "'Tis some visitor," I muttered, "tapping at my chamber door Only this, and nothing more.“ – Edgar Allan Poe External (End) Rhyme: A rhyme in which the rhyme-words occur at the END of the line. Example: – “Whose woods these are I think I know, His house is in the village, though; He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow.” -Robert Frost E
Slant and Exact Rhyme Slant Rhyme: A rhyme in which the rhyme words approximate identical sounds – Example: There-were, main-again – Example: “Hope is the thing with feathers That perches in the soul, And sings the tune without the words, And never stops at all.” – Emily Dickinson Exact Rhyme: A rhyme in which the rhyme words have identical sounds – Example: There-stare, main-sprain – Example: “Hold fast to dreams For if dreams die Life is a broken-winged bird That cannot fly.” – Langston Hughes