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Poetry Terms Mrs. Withers English 9.

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Presentation on theme: "Poetry Terms Mrs. Withers English 9."— Presentation transcript:

1 Poetry Terms Mrs. Withers English 9

2 Poetry Videos Rudy Francisco – “Love Poem Medley”
Jonathan Reed – “The Lost Generation” (Palindrome) Maya Angelou – “Still I Rise”

3 Figurative Language Figurative Language
Language that can not be taken literally; words or phases that describe one thing in terms of another.

4 Figurative Language Simile Metaphor
A comparison of two unlike things using the words “like” or “as” Example: She is like a rose. Metaphor A comparison of two unlike things without using like or as. She is a rose.

5 Figurative Language Personification Hyperbole
Giving human qualities to something that is not human Example: They say the house died. Hyperbole An exaggeration done for effect Example: My teacher gave me a million pages to read for homework!

6 Types of poems Lyric Poetry Free Verse
Poems that express an author’s thoughts and feelings; they do not tell a story. Example: “The Way It Is” Free Verse Poetry that does not have regular rhythm or rhyme scheme Example: “Medicine”

7 Types of Poems Ode A long, elaborate poem dealing with a serious subject and treating it reverently **written or dedicated to a specific subject** Example: “Ode to Autumn”

8 Types of Poems Sonnet A 14 line poem written in iambic pentameter that
has a rhyme Scheme Example: Sonnet 18

9 Types of poems Elegy Ballad
Poem that laments the death of a person; sad and thoughtful Ballad A poem that tells a story; usually very long; imitating folk ballads Example: Ballad of Birmingham

10 Sound Devices Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of rhymes used in a poem; usually marked by letters to correspond to the rhyme. Little Bo Peep A Has lost her sheep A And she doesn’t know where to find them B

11 Sound Devices Rhythm Meter
The ordered or free occurrences of sound in poetry. Meter A unit of rhythm in poetry; the pattern of the beats. Example: Iambic Pentameter

12 Sound Devices Alliteration Assonance
Repetition of initial sounds of words in a row Example: Peter piper picked a peck of pickled peppers Assonance A similarity of vowel sounds inside of words in a line of poetry Example: We went on a wild ride.

13 Sound Devices Consonance Onomatopoeia
Repetition of internal or ending consonant sounds of words close together Example: The locket was in the thick mud, and I had to pick it out. Onomatopoeia Words that sounds like sounds. Example: bang, honk, drip

14 Sound Devices Repetition Approximate/ Slant Rhyme
The repeating of a word or a phrase of a poem to create a sense of rhythm Example: “His laugh, his smile, his eyes, his sparkle” Approximate/ Slant Rhyme Not a perfect rhyme. Example: “Near” and “Bear”

15 Sound Devices Couplet Two lines of poetry that have an end rhyme.
Example: Did my heart love till now? Forswear it, sight. For I ne’er saw true beauty till this night.

16 Other Speaker Stanza The narrator in a poem
Divisions of a poem; paragraphs of a poem

17 Other Tone Imagery The speaker’s attitude towards a subject.
Language that appeals to the senses; paints a picture in the reader’s mind Example: One bite of the sour lemon caused my lips to pucker.

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