Presentation on theme: "BIM, Open Standards, and Pre-Plans Golden Gate Safety Network Building Service Performance NYC BIM Interest Group 18-Feb-2009."— Presentation transcript:
BIM, Open Standards, and Pre-Plans Golden Gate Safety Network Building Service Performance NYC BIM Interest Group 18-Feb-2009
Questions from Greg Jakubowski, P.E., CSP, FSFPE, Principal and Chief Engineer, Fire Planning Associates Q: …must have pre-incident information about buildings, how can we achieve that through BIM? Q: Who will use this information and what do they need to know? Q: Who has that information? Capturing through design and construction, annotated pictures and diagrams, must be a common format.
How Can the Open Floor Plan Display Project Help? Q: …must have pre-incident information about buildings, how can we achieve that through BIM? A: By limiting building information exchanges to only what is needed by fire services and useful to police. By easing terminology differences ~ developing a process and definitions at a level the basic concepts belong to everyone. Q: Who will use this information and what do they need to know? A: In this case, Fire Departments, Owners, and Inspectors. Where possible, use existing ISO, IBC, IFC, NFPA standards to facilitate efficient documentation and strong communication chains. Q: Who has that information? Capturing through design and construction, annotated pictures and diagrams, must be a common format. A: Construction Operations Building Information Exchange (COBIE) can already perform many of these tasks. A deliverable of the Open Floor Plan Display Project is a set of recommendations, guidelines and mapping to relevant code citations, standards, and best practices using XML and COBIE.
What is COBIE? “… not for working, only for the exchange” Bill East USACE on the phone
Talking to the Building 1.Where are you located? 2.What kind of building are you? 3.Who are the occupants? 4.Where are the exits, elevators, stairs ? 5.Where is the fire? 6.How has the fire progressed? 7.What else is in this building?
Locating the Building using BIG web standards Geoconcepts Ontology v1.2 & v1.2_swrl at Geospatial Meaning: Geospatial Semantic Web Research. GeoWeb TGeoconcepts Ontology v1.2 & v1.2_swrl at Geospatial Meaning: Geospatial Semantic Web Research. GeoWeb Trends
Limiting Building Information What do fire service organizations want to know? Meet Local Code! Additionally and consistently mentioned: Storage or Use of Flammable or Combustible Materials Structures susceptible to early collapse Hazardous openings Heavy Items Potential Traps such as swimming pools Lobbies on multiple floors Counterflow in stairway lower levels
Open Floor Plan Display Problem Space STATIC - Prepared ahead of time, each building and jurisdiction may be different OSHA's Interactive Floorplan Demonstration DYNAMIC - Interoperable, Systematic Any vendor or public safety organization can use CurrentFuture SVG Recognizable Symbol
Functional Display Requirements Refer to International Fire Code, Section 509 The fire command center shall comply with NFPA 72 and contain the following features: Schematic building plans indicating the typical floor plan and detailing the building core, means of egress, fire protection systems, fire-fighting equipment and fire department access. “… some people are passionate about access flooring” Mark Kalin SCIP at Specifiers Property Sets Kickoff
Anyone can, Sign up, Log In, and Work On
Format Preparation Guideline s The proposed floor plan data exchange format is meant to be general purpose irrespective of the size, shape, or age of the building. Therefore it is important to recognize the starting point for deriving this format may vary greatly from one building to the next. Several examples, from old to new, are as follows: Old Building, No Floor Plans Old Building, Paper Plans Recent Building, Un-conformed CAD Recent Building, Good CAD Practices Current and Future Buildings, Advanced CAD Practices
Designing to a Fully Functional City Fire Department of New York Selects IBM for Intelligent Fire Safety System Monday January 12, 2009, 10:20 am EST A single, unified view of a property; Improved resource deployment and utilization for inspections; Expanded management, Analysis and preparedness planning; A risk-based inspection system for field inspections. NIST BFRL Scenario has some common goals
Standardizing GIS Symbology Creating Templates
The scenario begins in a large commercial building
at 321 Prince Street
in a section of the third floor Note: Each concept Falls into the place Where it belongs
that is undergoing renovation. Contractors left out some vapor-producing chemicals that have ignited after-hours, producing a small explosion and starting a fire.
The explosion disables the smoke alarm in the room
but this generates a trouble condition at the fire panel.
The fire panel generates a Common Alerting Protocol CAP alert
that is passed to the BISACS Base Server (BBS) Note: Elements that Are already known Are fixed and stay.
The alert is then passed to the subscribing central station alarm (CSA) company
that monitors the building
Upon receipt at the CSA, a representative attempts to contact the building personnel to verify the alert (smoke alarm trouble in room 310)
While the CSA representative follows procedures to verify the alert, another alert arrives
reporting a smoke alarm from the hallway outside 310
ALERTS GROUPED TOGETHER IN A MESSAGE: The equivalent of Fire Department Digital Keybox is outside the scope of the Open Floor Plan Display Project. Fitting and adapting NIST Diagram to Fit OGC / NBIMS hierarchy is currently Incomplete. Remainder of the scenario Is parallel work by NIST Workshop participants and Subject Matter Experts Advising on this project “Open Floor Plans are Before Security and Access”
Nevertheless, an Open Standard Context will help whole systems work together better sooner or later. Today, Open2D only. CurrentFuture An Easy Rapid Prototyping Technique with Point Cloud Data by Pralay Pal in the Rapid Prototyping Journal
Useful Sooner Linking BIM to GIS
Sooner: Building A Limited Dictionary
Sooner: Lightweight Stand Alone Floor Plans
A Beneficial Case Study: Worst Case Scenario Agreement on Floor 0 GINA MARIE>Around Auckland (and Kapa Haka Performance)
A Beneficial Program: Architect / Owner / AHJ CurrentFuture “Imagine a volunteer program, We’re here to help you with your building documentation” David Coggeshall on the phone “Should work with a fully Functional AHJ such As Arlington County” “Someone has to pay for All of this” Discussions at WDG
Turn over to David Coggeshall SFC MapLab Common Operating Picture Concept Open Floor Plan Display Demonstration