Presentation on theme: "BIM, Open Standards, and Pre-Plans Golden Gate Safety Network Building Service Performance NYC BIM Interest Group 18-Feb-2009."— Presentation transcript:
BIM, Open Standards, and Pre-Plans Golden Gate Safety Network Building Service Performance Project @ NYC BIM Interest Group 18-Feb-2009
Questions from Greg Jakubowski, P.E., CSP, FSFPE, Principal and Chief Engineer, Fire Planning Associates Q: …must have pre-incident information about buildings, how can we achieve that through BIM? Q: Who will use this information and what do they need to know? Q: Who has that information? Capturing through design and construction, annotated pictures and diagrams, must be a common format.
How Can the Open Floor Plan Display Project Help? Q: …must have pre-incident information about buildings, how can we achieve that through BIM? A: By limiting building information exchanges to only what is needed by fire services and useful to police. By easing terminology differences ~ developing a process and definitions at a level the basic concepts belong to everyone. Q: Who will use this information and what do they need to know? A: In this case, Fire Departments, Owners, and Inspectors. Where possible, use existing ISO, IBC, IFC, NFPA standards to facilitate efficient documentation and strong communication chains. Q: Who has that information? Capturing through design and construction, annotated pictures and diagrams, must be a common format. A: Construction Operations Building Information Exchange (COBIE) can already perform many of these tasks. A deliverable of the Open Floor Plan Display Project is a set of recommendations, guidelines and mapping to relevant code citations, standards, and best practices using XML and COBIE.
What is COBIE? “… not for working, only for the exchange” Bill East USACE
Talking to the Building 1.Where are you located? 2.What kind of building are you? 3.Who are the occupants? 4.Where are the exits, elevators, stairs ? 5.Where is the fire? 6.How has the fire progressed? 7.What else is in this building?
Locating the Building using BIG web standards Geoconcepts Ontology v1.2 & v1.2_swrl at Geospatial Meaning: Geospatial Semantic Web Research. GeoWeb TGeoconcepts Ontology v1.2 & v1.2_swrl at Geospatial Meaning: Geospatial Semantic Web Research. GeoWeb Trends
Limiting Building Information What do fire service organizations want to know? Meet Local Code! Additionally and consistently mentioned: Storage or Use of Flammable or Combustible Materials Structures susceptible to early collapse Hazardous openings Heavy Items Potential Traps such as swimming pools Lobbies on multiple floors Counterflow in stairway lower levels
Functional Display Requirements Refer to http://ontolog.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?FloorplanMarkupLanguagehttp://ontolog.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?FloorplanMarkupLanguage 2006 International Fire Code, Section 509 The fire command center shall comply with NFPA 72 and contain the following features: Schematic building plans indicating the typical floor plan and detailing the building core, means of egress, fire protection systems, fire-fighting equipment and fire department access. “… some people are passionate about access flooring” Mark Kalin SCIP Same is true open standards
Open Floor Plan Display Problem Space STATIC - Prepared ahead of time, each building and jurisdiction may be different OSHA's Interactive Floorplan Demonstration DYNAMIC - Interoperable, Systematic Any vendor or public safety organization can use CurrentFuture SVG Recognizable Symbol
Format Preparation Guidelines The proposed floor plan data exchange format is meant to be general purpose irrespective of the size, shape, or age of the building. Therefore it is important to recognize the starting point for deriving this format may vary greatly from one building to the next. Several examples, from old to new, are as follows: Old Building, No Floor Plans Old Building, Paper Plans Recent Building, Un-conformed CAD Recent Building, Good CAD Practices Current and Future Buildings, Advanced CAD Practices
Designing to a Fully Functional City Fire Department of New York Selects IBM for Intelligent Fire Safety System Monday January 12, 2009, 10:20 am EST A single, unified view of a property; Improved resource deployment and utilization for inspections; Expanded management, Analysis and preparedness planning; A risk-based inspection system for field inspections. NIST BFRL scenario shares some common goals
Standardizing BIM and GIS Symbology Can’t Capture It All Creating Templates
Open Standard Context will help whole systems work together better sooner or later. Today, Open Floor Plan Display only. CurrentFuture An Easy Rapid Prototyping Technique with Point Cloud Data by Pralay Pal in the Rapid Prototyping Journal
A Beneficial Case Study: Worst Case Scenario Agreement on Floor 0 GINA MARIE>Around Auckland (and Kapa Haka Performance)
A Beneficial Program: Architect / Owner / AHJ CurrentFuture “Imagine a volunteer program, We’re here to help you with your building documentation” David Coggeshall on the phone “Should work with a fully Functional AHJ such As Arlington County” “Someone has to pay for All of this” Discussions at WDG
Turn over to David Coggeshall SFC MapLab Common Operating Picture Concept Open Floor Plan Display Demonstration