Presentation on theme: "MONDAY – 10.20.14 AP US History Thesis Statement Information EXAM TOMORROW AP Language and Composition Washington’s Farwell Address Prep for Rhetorical."— Presentation transcript:
MONDAY – AP US History Thesis Statement Information EXAM TOMORROW AP Language and Composition Washington’s Farwell Address Prep for Rhetorical Analysis WEDNESDAY
TUESDAY – AP United States History Midterm Exam 20 Multiple Choice (20 Minutes) 1 Short Answer (11 Minutes) 1 Long Essay Question (40 Minutes)
WEDNESDAY – AP Language and Composition District Assessment Rhetorical Analysis New Reading Guides APUSH Themes Unit 1 Thematic Charts Assertions
AP United States History THEMES 1) Identity 2) Work, Exchange, and Technology 3) Peopling 4) Politics and Power 5) America in the World 6) Environment and Geography — Physical and Human 7) Ideas, Beliefs, and Culture
Identity Overarching question: ➤ How and why have debates over American national identity changed over time? Overarching question: ➤ How have gender, class, ethnic, religious, regional, and other group identities changed in different eras?
Work, Exchange, and Technology Overarching question: ➤ How have changes in markets, transportation, and technology affected American society from colonial times to the present day? Overarching question: ➤ Why have different labor systems developed in British North America and the United States, and how have they affected U.S. society? Overarching question: ➤ How have debates over economic values and the role of government in the U.S. economy affected politics, society, the economy, and the environment?
Peopling Overarching question: ➤ Why have people migrated to, from, and within North America? Overarching question: ➤ How have changes in migration and population patterns affected American life?
Politics and Power Overarching question: ➤ How and why have different political and social groups competed for influence over society and government in what would become the United States? Overarching question: ➤ How have Americans agreed on or argued over the values that guide the political system as well as who is a part of the political process?
America in the World Overarching question: ➤ How have events in North America and the United States related to contemporary developments in the rest of the world? Overarching question: ➤ How have different factors influenced U.S. military, diplomatic, and economic involvement in international affairs and foreign conflicts, both in North America and overseas?
Environment and Geography Physical and Human Overarching question: ➤ How did interactions with the natural environment shape the institutions and values of various groups living on the North American continent? Overarching question: ➤ How did economic and demographic changes affect the environment and lead to debates over use and control of the environment and natural resources?
Ideas, Beliefs, and Culture Overarching question: ➤ How and why have moral, philosophical, and cultural values changed in what would become the United States? Overarching question: ➤ How and why have changes in moral, philosophical, and cultural values affected U.S. history?
Questions 8, 9, 10 “The only encouragements we hold out to strangers are a good climate, fertile soil, wholesome air and water, plenty of provisions, good pay for labor, kind neighbors, good laws, a free government, and a hearty welcome. The rest depends on a man’s own industry and virtue.” “If a European has previously resolved to go to the western country near the Allegheny or Ohio rivers,…a few day journey will bring him to Cumberland…from whence the public road begun by the United States, crosses the mountains…” “You will, however, observe that the privileges of citizenship is not granted without proper precautions; to secure that, while the worthy are admitted, the unworthy should, if practicable, be rejected. You will from hence deduce the importance of good moral habits, even to the acquisition of political rights.” - Clements Burleigh, Shamrock Society of New York, “Advice to Emigrants to America,” 1817
FRIDAY – Unit 1 Themes Expansion of National Government Hamilton vs. Jefferson The impact of the Marshall Court Marbury v. Madison Thomas Jefferson Jefferson Inaugural Address
The Early Republic – Chapter 8 Guiding Question Discuss how TWO of the following people succeeded in expanding or limiting the growth of the federal government during the time period Alexander Hamilton John Marshall Thomas Jefferson
Federalists vs. Democratic-Republicans Alexander Hamilton (1757 – 1804) Thomas Jefferson (1743 – 1826)
Alexander Hamilton (1757 – 1804) On POPULAR RULE “One great error is that we suppose mankind more honest than they are.” On STATES RIGHTS “A firm Union will be of the utmost moment the peace and liberty of the states, as a barrier against domestic faction and insurrection.” On REBELLION Beware, my dear sir, of [insurrection]. Whenever the government appears in arms, it ought to appear like a Hercules, and inspire respect by the display of strength.” Thomas Jefferson (1743 – 1826) On POPULAR RULE “I have great confidence in the common sense of mankind in general.” On STATES RIGHTS “I am not a friend to very energetic government. It is always oppressive. On REBELLION “A little rebellion now and then is a good thing, and as necessary in the political world as storms in the physical… It is a medicine necessary for the health of government.”
Alexander Hamilton (1757 – 1804) Secretary of Treasury under Washington His policies were generally accepted by Washington Put nation on firm financial footing Advocated strong federal government Thought some debt was good because those who had loaned money to the US would protect their interests Proposed to set up a tax system for revenue Encouraged revenue source to be tariffs on imported goods which would also aid growth of American Manufacturing Proposed to assume debts of individual states States bound financially to the federal government would be more loyal Wanted to establish a national bank run by the federal government to help manage finance and trade
Alexander Hamilton EVIDENCE Expanding Power Bank of the United States Assumption of State Debt Funding of that Debt “at par” to gain international respect and money High tariffs to protect infant industries Loose interpretation of the Constitution Emphasis on the “Elastic Clause” Strong Central Government Essential Large Peacetime Army and Navy Necessary Limiting Power ……I’ve got….nothing!
Alexander Hamilton Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791) “It is not denied that there are implied as well as express powers, and that the former are as effectually delegated as the latter.” “It is conceded that implied powers are to be considered as delegated equally with express ones. Then it follows, that as a power of erecting a corporation [such as a bank] may as well be implied as any other thing, it may as well be employed as an instrument or means of carrying into execution any of the specified powers…But one may be erected in relation to the trade with foreign countries, or to the trade between the States…because it is the province of the federal government to regulate those objects, and because it is incident to a general sovereign or legislative power to regulate a thing, to employ all the means which relate to its regulation to the best and greatest advantage.”
Alexander Hamilton Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791) 1.Hamilton’s constitutional argument was based on which of the following types of powers? a. Employed b. Expressed c. Implied d. Regulated
Alexander Hamilton Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791) 1.Hamilton’s constitutional argument was based on which of the following types of powers? c. Implied
Alexander Hamilton Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791) 2.Which of the following benefited most directly from the bank that Hamilton strongly supported? a. Manufacturers b. Farmers c. State governments d. Slave owners
Alexander Hamilton Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791) 2.Which of the following benefited most directly from the bank that Hamilton strongly supported? a. Manufacturers
Alexander Hamilton Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791) 3. Who of the following would be most critical of Hamilton’s position on the bank? a. George Washington b. John Adams c. Thomas Jefferson d. Henry Knox
Alexander Hamilton Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791) 3. Who of the following would be most critical of Hamilton’s position on the bank? c. Thomas Jefferson
Secretary of State under Washington Opposed to Hamilton’s plans and expansion of the federal government Opposed to the Alien and Sedition Acts passed in Adams’ administration With Madison, authored the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions affirming sovereignty of states’ power over federal government Thomas Jefferson (1743 – 1826) President of the United States March 4, 1801 – March 4, 1809 Resigned as Secretary of State due to disagreement Elected Vice President under Adams As President, slashed Army and Navy, saving money and decreasing federal power In dealing with pirates, realized there may be a need for a navy Eliminated whiskey tax Made the Louisiana Purchase even though he believed he was not given the specific power to do so in the constitution.
Expanding Power Retained the Bank of the United States as President Continued the funding of the National Debt Made the Louisiana Purchase without constitutional authority to do so Imposed the Embargo Act of 1807 Thomas Jefferson EVIDENCE Limiting Power Anti-Bank of the United States Strict Interpretation of the Constitution Weak central government Opposed Alien and Sedition Acts Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Opposed excise tax on whiskey
John Marshall ( ) Three Person Diplomatic Commission to France 1797 Involved in XYZ affair United States House of Representatives March 4, 1799 – June 7, 1800 Secretary of State June 13, 1800 – March 4, 1801 Chief Justice of the Supreme Court January 31, 1801 – July 6, 1835 John Adams – Andrew Jackson
John Marshall ( ) Marbury V. Madison Questions Before the Court: Is Marbury entitled to his appointment? Is his lawsuit the correct way to get it? Is the Supreme Court the place for Marbury to get the relief he requests?
John Marshall ( ) Marbury V. Madison Established the principle of judicial review Section 13 of the Judiciary Act of 1789 declared UNCONSTITUTIONAL It "is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is."
John Marshall EVIDENCE Expanding Power Marbury v. Madison (1803) Fletcher v. Peck (1810) Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee (1816) Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819) Cohens v. Virginia (1821) McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) Limiting Power Most decisions limit the power of STATE governments and strengthen the power of the Federal Government.
Next Week Growth of a Nation – Timelines! War of 1812 and Dolly Madison