Presentation on theme: "MONDAY – AP US History Thesis Statement Information"— Presentation transcript:
1MONDAY – 10.20.14 AP US History Thesis Statement Information EXAM TOMORROWAP Language and CompositionWashington’s Farwell AddressPrep for Rhetorical AnalysisWEDNESDAY
2TUESDAY – 10.21.14 AP United States History Midterm Exam 20 Multiple Choice (20 Minutes)1 Short Answer (11 Minutes)1 Long Essay Question (40 Minutes)
3WEDNESDAY – 10.22.14 AP Language and Composition District Assessment Rhetorical AnalysisNew Reading GuidesAPUSH ThemesUnit 1 Thematic ChartsAssertions
4AP United States History THEMES 1) Identity 2) Work, Exchange, and Technology 3) Peopling 4) Politics and Power 5) America in the World 6) Environment and Geography — Physical and Human 7) Ideas, Beliefs, and Culture
5IdentityOverarching question: ➤ How and why have debates over American national identity changed over time? ➤ How have gender, class, ethnic, religious, regional, and other group identities changed in different eras?
6Work, Exchange, and Technology Overarching question: ➤ How have changes in markets, transportation, and technology affected American society from colonial times to the present day? ➤ Why have different labor systems developed in British North America and the United States, and how have they affected U.S. society? ➤ How have debates over economic values and the role of government in the U.S. economy affected politics, society, the economy, and the environment?
7PeoplingOverarching question: ➤ Why have people migrated to, from, and within North America? ➤ How have changes in migration and population patterns affected American life?
8Politics and PowerOverarching question: ➤ How and why have different political and social groups competed for influence over society and government in what would become the United States? ➤ How have Americans agreed on or argued over the values that guide the political system as well as who is a part of the political process?
9America in the WorldOverarching question: ➤ How have events in North America and the United States related to contemporary developments in the rest of the world? ➤ How have different factors influenced U.S. military, diplomatic, and economic involvement in international affairs and foreign conflicts, both in North America and overseas?
10Environment and Geography Physical and Human Overarching question: ➤ How did interactions with the natural environment shape the institutions and values of various groups living on the North American continent? ➤ How did economic and demographic changes affect the environment and lead to debates over use and control of the environment and natural resources?
11Ideas, Beliefs, and Culture Overarching question: ➤ How and why have moral, philosophical, and cultural values changed in what would become the United States? ➤ How and why have changes in moral, philosophical, and cultural values affected U.S. history?
13Questions 8, 9, 10“The only encouragements we hold out to strangers are a good climate, fertile soil, wholesome air and water, plenty of provisions, good pay for labor, kind neighbors, good laws, a free government, and a hearty welcome. The rest depends on a man’s own industry and virtue.” “If a European has previously resolved to go to the western country near the Allegheny or Ohio rivers,…a few day journey will bring him to Cumberland…from whence the public road begun by the United States, crosses the mountains…” “You will, however, observe that the privileges of citizenship is not granted without proper precautions; to secure that, while the worthy are admitted, the unworthy should, if practicable, be rejected. You will from hence deduce the importance of good moral habits, even to the acquisition of political rights.” - Clements Burleigh, Shamrock Society of New York, “Advice to Emigrants to America,” 1817
14FRIDAY – 10.24.14 Unit 1 Themes Expansion of National Government Hamilton vs. JeffersonThe impact of the Marshall CourtMarbury v. MadisonThomas JeffersonJefferson Inaugural Address
15The Early Republic – Chapter 8 Guiding QuestionDiscuss how TWO of the following people succeeded in expanding or limiting the growth of the federal government during the time periodAlexander HamiltonJohn MarshallThomas Jefferson
16Federalists vs. Democratic-Republicans Alexander Hamilton(1757 – 1804)Thomas Jefferson(1743 – 1826)
17Thomas Jefferson Alexander Hamilton On POPULAR RULE (1743 – 1826)Alexander Hamilton(1757 – 1804)On POPULAR RULE“One great error is that we suppose mankind more honest than they are.”On STATES RIGHTS“A firm Union will be of the utmost moment the peace and liberty of the states, as a barrier against domestic faction and insurrection.”On REBELLIONBeware, my dear sir, of [insurrection]. Whenever the government appears in arms, it ought to appear like a Hercules, and inspire respect by the display of strength.”On POPULAR RULE“I have great confidence in the common sense of mankind in general.”On STATES RIGHTS“I am not a friend to very energetic government. It is always oppressive.On REBELLION“A little rebellion now and then is a good thing, and as necessary in the political world as storms in the physical… It is a medicine necessary for the health of government.”
18Alexander Hamilton(1757 – 1804)Encouraged revenue source to be tariffs on imported goods which would also aid growth of American ManufacturingProposed to assume debts of individual statesStates bound financially to the federal government would be more loyalWanted to establish a national bank run by the federal government to help manage finance and tradeSecretary of Treasury under WashingtonHis policies were generally accepted by WashingtonPut nation on firm financial footingAdvocated strong federal governmentThought some debt was good because those who had loaned money to the US would protect their interestsProposed to set up a tax system for revenue
19Alexander Hamilton EVIDENCE Expanding Power Limiting Power Bank of the United StatesAssumption of State DebtFunding of that Debt “at par” to gain international respect and moneyHigh tariffs to protect infant industriesLoose interpretation of the ConstitutionEmphasis on the “Elastic Clause”Strong Central Government EssentialLarge Peacetime Army and Navy NecessaryLimiting Power……I’ve got….nothing!
20Alexander HamiltonConstitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791)“It is not denied that there are implied as well as express powers, and that the former are as effectually delegated as the latter.” “It is conceded that implied powers are to be considered as delegated equally with express ones. Then it follows, that as a power of erecting a corporation [such as a bank] may as well be implied as any other thing, it may as well be employed as an instrument or means of carrying into execution any of the specified powers…But one may be erected in relation to the trade with foreign countries, or to the trade between the States…because it is the province of the federal government to regulate those objects, and because it is incident to a general sovereign or legislative power to regulate a thing, to employ all the means which relate to its regulation to the best and greatest advantage.”
21Alexander HamiltonConstitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791)Hamilton’s constitutional argument was based on which of the following types of powers?a. Employedb. Expressedc. Impliedd. Regulated
22Alexander HamiltonConstitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791)Hamilton’s constitutional argument was based on which of the following types of powers?c. Implied
23Alexander HamiltonConstitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791)Which of the following benefited most directly from the bank that Hamilton strongly supported?a. Manufacturersb. Farmersc. State governmentsd. Slave owners
24Alexander HamiltonConstitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791)Which of the following benefited most directly from the bank that Hamilton strongly supported?a. Manufacturers
25Alexander HamiltonConstitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791)3. Who of the following would be most critical of Hamilton’s position on the bank? a. George Washington b. John Adams c. Thomas Jefferson d. Henry Knox
26Alexander HamiltonConstitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791)3. Who of the following would be most critical of Hamilton’s position on the bank?c. Thomas Jefferson
27President of the United States Thomas Jefferson(1743 – 1826)President of the United StatesMarch 4, 1801 – March 4, 1809Resigned as Secretary of State due to disagreementElected Vice President under AdamsAs President, slashed Army and Navy, saving money and decreasing federal powerIn dealing with pirates, realized there may be a need for a navyEliminated whiskey taxMade the Louisiana Purchase even though he believed he was not given the specific power to do so in the constitution.Secretary of State under WashingtonOpposed to Hamilton’s plans and expansion of the federal governmentOpposed to the Alien and Sedition Acts passed in Adams’ administrationWith Madison, authored the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions affirming sovereignty of states’ power over federal government
28Thomas Jefferson EVIDENCE Expanding PowerRetained the Bank of the United States as PresidentContinued the funding of the National DebtMade the Louisiana Purchase without constitutional authority to do soImposed the Embargo Act of 1807Limiting PowerAnti-Bank of the United StatesStrict Interpretation of the ConstitutionWeak central governmentOpposed Alien and Sedition ActsVirginia and Kentucky ResolutionsOpposed excise tax on whiskey
29John Marshall (1755-1835) Three Person Diplomatic Commission to France 1797Involved in XYZ affairUnited States House of RepresentativesMarch 4, 1799 – June 7, 1800Secretary of StateJune 13, 1800 – March 4, 1801Chief Justice of the Supreme CourtJanuary 31, 1801 – July 6, 1835 John Adams – Andrew Jackson
30John Marshall (1755-1835) Questions Before the Court: Marbury V. MadisonQuestions Before the Court:Is Marbury entitled to his appointment?Is his lawsuit the correct way to get it?Is the Supreme Court the place for Marbury to get the relief he requests?
31John Marshall (1755-1835) Marbury V. Madison Established the principle of judicial reviewSection 13 of the Judiciary Act of 1789 declared UNCONSTITUTIONALIt "is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is."
32John Marshall EVIDENCE Expanding PowerMarbury v. Madison (1803)Fletcher v. Peck (1810)Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee (1816)Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)Cohens v. Virginia (1821)McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)Limiting PowerMost decisions limit the power of STATE governments and strengthen the power of the Federal Government.Fletcher v. Peck (1810) – State Law Ruled Unconstitutional for the first time. Also dealt with sanctity of legal contracts. The contract clause of the constitution cannot be invalidated (protecting infant businesses). Native American (Yazoo) land divided and sold by Georgia. Was retracted by new legislature because it was unpopular (due to public learning of bribes). Original dealings stood (contractual agreement stood).Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee (1816) – First case to assert Supreme Court Authority over State Courts in civil matters of federal law. Marshall did not write the decision because he and his brother had bought some of the land in dispute. Virginia said their law was superior to U.S. treaties. The Supreme Court unanimously disagreed.Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819) – Upheld the sanctity of the original charter of the college. Public v. Private Charters. Invalidated the New Hampshire Legislature.Cohens v. Virginia (1821) – Court asserted power to review state Supreme Court decisions in criminal law when defendant claims constitutional rights are violated.McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)Congress has the power to charter the bank and the state does not have the right to tax it.Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)Established National supremacy in regulating interstate commerce. Overturned a monopoly granted by the New York state legislature to certain steamships operating between New York and New Jersey.
33Next Week Growth of a Nation – Timelines! War of 1812 and Dolly Madison