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Western Expansion and Causes of the War of 1812. James Madison Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions Secretary of State Supported Louisiana Purchase Marbury.

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Presentation on theme: "Western Expansion and Causes of the War of 1812. James Madison Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions Secretary of State Supported Louisiana Purchase Marbury."— Presentation transcript:

1 Western Expansion and Causes of the War of 1812

2 James Madison Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions Secretary of State Supported Louisiana Purchase Marbury v. Madison 4 th President of United States ( ) Democratic-Republican

3 Indian Conflicts Unfair treaties Treaty of Greenville Treaty of Vincennes Treaty of Grouseland Treaty of Fort Wayne Tecumseh’s League Formed as result of Northwest Indian War Tenskwatawa, the prophet

4 Tecumseh’s War “Sixty Years War” Tecumseh William Henry Harrison Gov. of Indiana Territory Battle of Tippecanoe Alliances with British?

5 Napoleonic Wars French wars of expansion/domination Includes war with Britain US wishes to remain neutral

6 Napoleonic Wars 1806 – Berlin Decrees 1806 – Britain’s “Orders in the Council” 1807 – Milan Decrees – British impressment of over 6,000 American sailors.

7 Chesapeake-Leopard Affair June 21, 1807 USS Chesapeake HMS Leopard Royal Navy Deserters James Barron court-martialed

8 US Response to Chesapeake-Leopard Affair British ships forbidden ability to dock in American ports Orders state governors to call up 100,000 militiamen

9 Embargo Act of 1807 Places restrictions on US trade in hopes of harming Britain Hurts US more than Britain

10 Non-Intercourse Act of 1809 Replaces Embargo Act of 1807 Remains in place until 1812 Lifts embargo on all except French & British ports Forces New England to become self-sufficient Expansion of US Industrial powers How did this act, passed in last days of Jefferson’s presidency, oppose his Democratic-Republican views?

11 War Hawks Henry Clay John C. Calhoun Why go to war? Gaining new lands Revenge on British for helping Indians


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