Presentation on theme: "Western Expansion and Causes of the War of 1812. James Madison Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions Secretary of State Supported Louisiana Purchase Marbury."— Presentation transcript:
Western Expansion and Causes of the War of 1812
James Madison Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions Secretary of State Supported Louisiana Purchase Marbury v. Madison 4 th President of United States ( ) Democratic-Republican
Indian Conflicts Unfair treaties Treaty of Greenville Treaty of Vincennes Treaty of Grouseland Treaty of Fort Wayne Tecumseh’s League Formed as result of Northwest Indian War Tenskwatawa, the prophet
Tecumseh’s War “Sixty Years War” Tecumseh William Henry Harrison Gov. of Indiana Territory Battle of Tippecanoe Alliances with British?
Napoleonic Wars French wars of expansion/domination Includes war with Britain US wishes to remain neutral
Napoleonic Wars 1806 – Berlin Decrees 1806 – Britain’s “Orders in the Council” 1807 – Milan Decrees – British impressment of over 6,000 American sailors.
Chesapeake-Leopard Affair June 21, 1807 USS Chesapeake HMS Leopard Royal Navy Deserters James Barron court-martialed
US Response to Chesapeake-Leopard Affair British ships forbidden ability to dock in American ports Orders state governors to call up 100,000 militiamen
Embargo Act of 1807 Places restrictions on US trade in hopes of harming Britain Hurts US more than Britain
Non-Intercourse Act of 1809 Replaces Embargo Act of 1807 Remains in place until 1812 Lifts embargo on all except French & British ports Forces New England to become self-sufficient Expansion of US Industrial powers How did this act, passed in last days of Jefferson’s presidency, oppose his Democratic-Republican views?
War Hawks Henry Clay John C. Calhoun Why go to war? Gaining new lands Revenge on British for helping Indians