Presentation on theme: "1. Napoleonic Wars QPolicy of Impressment- Why? Q1808-1811 Britain impressed over 6,000 American sailors."— Presentation transcript:
1. Napoleonic Wars QPolicy of Impressment- Why? Q Britain impressed over 6,000 American sailors.
2. Chesapeake-Leopard “Affair” QJune 21, QBr. Captain fired on the USS Chesapeake. Q3 dead, 18 wounded. QBr. Foreign Office said it was a mistake. QIssue of freedom of the seas Jefferson’s Response: Jefferson’s Response: Embargo Act (1807) Forbade Br. ships to dock in American ports. Ban on all American Vessels sailing for foreign ports *Ordered state governors to call up as much as 100,000 militiamen.
3. The Embargo Act (1807) The “OGRABME” Turtle
Presidential Election of 1808
James Madison Becomes President
Dolly Madison: The President’s Greatest Asset
4. The Non-Intercourse Act (1809) QReplaced the Embargo Act- no trade with only England and France if they continued with their policies QRemained U. S. policy until Macon’s Bill No. 2; allowed trade but could embargo on one or the other QUnexpected Consequences: N. Eng. was forced to become self- sufficient again [old factories reopened]. Laid the groundwork for US industrial power. Jefferson, a critic of an industrial America, ironically contributed to Hamilton’s view of the US!!!
5. Br. Instigation of Indians British General Brock Meets with Tecumseh
QGeneral William Henry Harrison governor of the Indiana Territory. QInvited Native Indian chiefs to Ft. Wayne, IN to sign away 3 mil. acres of land to the US government. QTecumseh organized a confederacy of Indian tribes to fight for their homelands. QTecumseh’s brother fought against Harrison and was defeated at Tippecanoe. QThis made Harrison a national hero! [1840 election Tippecanoe & Tyler, too!] Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811
“War Hawks” Canada! Canada! Canada! “War Hawks” Canada! Canada! Canada! Henry Clay [KY] John C. Calhoun [SC]
Presidential Election of 1812
“Mr. Madison’s War!”
American Problems QThe US was unprepared militarily: Had a 12-ship navy vs. Britain’s 800 ships. Americans disliked a draft preferred to enlist in the disorganized state militias. QFinancially unprepared: Flood of paper $. Revenue from import tariffs declined. QRegional disagreements.
Overview of the War of 1812
3 U. S. Invasions of 1812
Campaigns of 1813 USS Constitution: Old Ironsides
Battle of Fort McHenry, 1814 Oh Say Can You See By the Dawn’s Early Light… -- Francis Scott Key
Gave proof through the night, That our flag was still there..
“The Roof, The Roof is on Fire” Government Buildings Burned- “Revenge for York”Government Buildings Burned- “Revenge for York” Thank You DollyThank You Dolly
Hartford Convention December, 1814 – January, 1815 Meeting of the Federalist Party What where their grievances? pg 307 Demise of the Federalist Party
Treaty of Ghent December 24, 1814
The Battle of New Orleans, 1815
Jackson’s Florida Campaigns
What were the results of the War of 1812?What were the results of the War of 1812?