Jefferson’s Foreign Policy 1. Control of the Mississippi River and New Orleans 1803 2. Deal with the Barbary Pirates 3. Chesapeake- Leopard Incident: Impressment 4. Embargo Act of 1807
Chesapeake-Leopard Affair June 22, 1807 The USS Chesapeake lay off the coast of Norfolk, Virginia HMS Leopard wanted to search the US ship for deserters When the captain of the Chesapeake refused Leopard fired on her Unable to return fire the Chesapeake surrendered
Impact of the Encounter 4 sailors aboard the USS Chesapeake are arrested America was outraged President Jefferson banned British shipping from American waters President demanded payment for damages
Embargo Act of 1807 Outlawed trade with any other nation The Embargo Acts sought to punish Great Britain for violating American rights on the high seas (impressment and trade interference) American economy is hurt by the embargo Exports plummet from $108 million on 1807 to $22 million in 1808 Act led to widespread smuggling
Questions for the cartoon "How does the cartoonist feel that the Jefferson embargo is affecting New England and the United States?" "What specific evidence in the cartoon leads you to an understanding of the opinion of the cartoonist?" "Why do you think the Jefferson embargo became so controversial?"