Presentation on theme: "What was the status of the US by 1800? Why did the Democratic-Republicans win the presidency? What is the status of Europe in 1800? What are the fears."— Presentation transcript:
What was the status of the US by 1800? Why did the Democratic-Republicans win the presidency? What is the status of Europe in 1800? What are the fears of some now that a new party has control of the executive branch?
Thomas Jefferson’s Presidency EQ: What were the successes & failures of the Jefferson administration?
Why was Jefferson’s election called the “Revolution of 1800?” Change of political parties for first time Peaceful transfer of power Out with the Federalists Democratic-Republicans take power New ideas, new ways of running the government
Jefferson cuts national debt…how? Major cuts to army & navy, as well as government programs and departments
James Monroe and Robert Livingston are sent to France to buy New Orleans from Napoleon Can offer $10 Million Napoleon offers all of Louisiana for $15 million Jefferson approves, doubles the size of USA
Louisiana Purchase; from whom? How much? From France for $15 million Nearly doubled size of US, expanded west Why was Jefferson somewhat embarrassed by the purchase? Strict constructionist, Constitution did not authorize fed gov to buy land Louisiana Purchase
Jefferson sends men to explore the new territory, led by Meriweather Lewis & William Clark Group was called the “Corps of Discovery” Led by Sacajawea Two major goals: Find an all-water route from Missouri River to Pacific Ocean Collect scientific data about plants, animals Lewis & Clark Expedition
Pirates from the Barbary States of North Africa (Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, Tripoli) were stealing U.S. ships Before, Washington & Adams paid protection money to the states to stop the pirates When price increased, Jefferson sends US navy to blockade port of Tripoli Barbary War
Napoleon had created a full blown war with Europe
U.S. trading in overseas markets British & French = still fighting Britain banned American voyages b/w French West Indies & France So, US and France come up with a plan… Reexport Trade
Re-export Trade angered Britain War between France & Britain continues; Britain in desperate need of soldiers; what do they do…? Impressment America’s reaction…? Americans are very angry British Impressment
British and French policy of seizing merchant ships and forcing them into the Royal Navy Originates in the 1600s Both American and English merchants Jefferson is angered by British policies
Chesapeake-Leopard Affair (1807) Off the coast of VA, the Leopard requested to search the Chesapeake for British navy deserters Chesapeake refused, Leopard fired The Chesapeake quickly surrendered, and the Leopard searched and detained four British Navy deserters (one British-born, who was hanged) This 1807 attack by the British on the American warship— the Chesapeake— greatly angered Americans
Embargo Act (1807) – Jefferson forbids export of American goods to Europe Crushing to the American economy New England was reliant on British Investment
Though angry at Britain, Jefferson did not want to go to war Congress passes Embargo Act of 1807 No trade with Britain…why? Trying to hurt the British economy Embargo DID NOT work; it bankrupted many American merchants Embargo hurt Jefferson’s reputation; lifted in 1809 1807 Embargo
Problem: French/Anglo War Resumes, 1806 Jefferson wants: Trade RightsNeutrality Results: Impressment of US ships Rise of the War Hawks Reexport Trade Chesapeake/ Leopard Incident Embargo Act of 1807 Destruction of the U.S. economy Embargo is repealed; Jefferson’s reputation drops
1 – The Louisiana Territory was purchased from: A – EnglandB – Spain C – FranceD – Russia 2 – Given how he interprets the Constitution, what was ironic about Jefferson’s purchase of the Louisiana Territory? 3 – Lewis and Clark were led by ____________________ and their group was called the Corps of ____________________. 4 – What were the two main goals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition? 5 – The _______ Affair caused the _________ War with France, which in turn caused the _____________________ to be passed. 6 – What was the worst incident of British impressment against the US? 7 – What was the greatest success and greatest failure of Jefferson’s presidency?