Presentation on theme: "Rivers. Stream bed A stream bed is the channel bottom of a stream, river or creek; the physical confine of the normal water flow. As a general rule, the."— Presentation transcript:
Stream bed A stream bed is the channel bottom of a stream, river or creek; the physical confine of the normal water flow. As a general rule, the bed is that part of the channel, just at the "normal" water line and the banks are that part above the water line.
Stream bed of the Yukon river
Rate of water flow Rate of water flow, is the volume of water which passes through a given cross- section of the river channel per unit time. It is typically measured in cubic meters per second 1 m³/s.
Rate of water flow of the River Severn
Source of a river The source of a river is the place from which the water in the river or stream originates. The source of the Amazon river
Waterfall A waterfall is a place where flowing water rapidly drops in elevation as it flows over a steep region or a cliff.
Waterfalls Angel Falls in Venezuela is the world's tallest waterfall at 979 m (3,212 ft).
Rapid A rapid is a section of a river where the river bed has a relatively steep gradient causing an increase in water velocity and turbulence. A rapid is characterised by the river becoming shallower and having some rocks exposed above the flow surface.
Niagara rapidsRhine rapids
Floodplain A floodplain, or flood plain, is flat or nearly flat land adjacent to a stream or river that experiences occasional or periodic flooding. The Mississippi Flood Plain
Terrace Stream terraces are relict features, such as floodplains, from periods when a stream was flowing at a higher elevation and has downcut to a lower elevation.
Mouth of a river The mouth of a river is the place where the river flows into another body of water. Mouth of the Amazon River
Delta Deltas are formed from the deposition of the sediment carried by the river as the flow leaves the mouth of the river. The Nile River Delta
Watershed and drainage basin A watershed is the line separating neighbouring drainage basins (catchments). A drainage basin is an extent of land where water from rain or snow melt drains downhill into a river
The Amazon drainage basin
Main European drainage divides (red lines) separating drainage basins (gray regions)
Tributary A tributary is a stream or river which flows into a mainstream (or parent) river 'Right tributary' and 'left tributary' are terms stating the relative positions of the tributary to the mainstream river. These terms are applied from the perspective of looking downstream (in the direction the current of the water is going).