3 Two Types of Liquid Water: (based on its location)Groundwater – water located beneath the ground surface in between soil spaces.Surface water – water collecting on the ground or in a stream, river, lake, sea or ocean.
5 How Do You Get the Two Types? It rains or precipitation happens,If the ground is dry, it absorbs water like a sponge,This becomes groundwater,When the ground can no longer hold anymore water,The rain starts to runoff the surface of the land,This runoff goes into streams, rivers, & lakes and becomes surface water.
38 Why Does the Ground Absorb Water? Remember Permeability?The ground is permeable, it has spaces between the soil particles that permit water or air to pass through.When it rains water seeps into the ground…it continues downward until it hits something that stops it.
39 There are Two Zones Under the Ground--- Zone of Aeration – the area in the soil where most of the spaces are filled with air.Zone of saturation – the area in the soil where most of the spaces are filled with water…it is saturated.
40 The Border Between the Two has a Name--- Water Table - upper level of an underground surface in which the soil or rocks are permanently saturated with water.The top of the Zone of Saturation The bottom of the Zone of Aeration.