Presentation on theme: "Under the red cross emblem. The protective emblems Don’t shoot! In armed conflict, this person, vehicle, site or equipment is providing neutral humanitarian."— Presentation transcript:
Under the red cross emblem
The protective emblems Don’t shoot! In armed conflict, this person, vehicle, site or equipment is providing neutral humanitarian aid. Protect these emblems as they protect life.
Why the red cross? Reverse of the Swiss flag Visibility: clean and clear Not the shape of a Christian cross
The red crescent The red cross is often misunderstood as a Christian symbol The red crescent was used in the field from 1876 Firstly by Turks (Ottoman Empire) Officially adopted from 1929
Who can wear the emblems? Workers of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement By military medical (& religious) personnel Non-combatants It is required to give medical care solely on basis of need
The red crystal A third emblem for nations not comfortable with either cross or crescent
NO! NO! These may seem funny if they weren’t so serious Perfidy – deliberate deceit – using a protected emblem to gain a military advantage
Exploration 1 Military Medical Personnel and the Emblem
Simpson at Gallipoli John Simpson Kirkpatrick 1892 - 1915
A legend’s status Postage stamps, 1965 Immortalised in Peter Corlett’s sculpture, Australian War Memorial Painting by Horace Moore-Jones, held in Aigantighie Gallery, NZ
Turks at Gallipoli
Others in Simpson’s footsteps Weary Dunlop in 1945FLTLT Brent Barker
Hospital ships under the laws of war Transmit in ‘clear’ – use of code would be suspicious Internationally agreed signals to alert shipping/ submarines that this is a hospital ship No arms to be carried
AHS - 47 Centaur An artist’s impression of the Australian Hospital Ship Centaur, World War 2. Artist unknown. Source http://www.ssmaritime.com/centaur.htm
The news reaches Australia
Found! 2059 metres below Signage still clearly visible after 67 years
Memorials at sea, September 2010 300 relatives travelled across the Coral Sea on the HMAS Maroona to see the exact spot of the Centaur’s wreckage
Exploration 3 Protecting the emblem today
Have you seen the red cross …..? Wrongly used: Medical centres, hospitals, pharmacies, vets and gyms First aid kits, toys, ‘helping/repairing’ or health products
What about these?
In peacetime, does it matter? Commonwealth law Minister of Defence Australian Red Cross o Runs pro-active campaigns o Makes friendly contact by letter or phone o Sends quarterly reports to the Minister
Correct emblems White cross on green For First Aid Occupational Health and Safety (eg on building sites) Road signs for Hospital Blue capital H is also used
Take-home messages The red cross emblem is unique: it offers protection during war. Those in areas of armed conflict overseas know this: they see it save lives every day. All Australians should understand & respect it.