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Presentation on theme: "It may be viewed: either as a standard powerpoint presentation, using the interactive structure; or with the included detailed speaker's notes. The present."— Presentation transcript:

1 It may be viewed: either as a standard powerpoint presentation, using the interactive structure; or with the included detailed speaker's notes. The present material is intended for general public use. All contents are available on the ICRC web-site: Introduction

2 Even in war there are limits.  About the ICRC About the ICRC About the ICRC  Mandate Mandate  History History  International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement  ICRC worldwide ICRC worldwide  Principles Principles  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information About the ICRC

3 Mandate To protect the lives and dignity of victims of war and internal violence and; to provide them with assistance.  About the ICRC About the ICRC  Mandate Mandate  History History  International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement  ICRC worldwide ICRC worldwide  Principles Principles  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information

4 History Born on a battlefield.  About the ICRC About the ICRC  Mandate Mandate  History History  International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement  ICRC worldwide ICRC worldwide  Principles Principles  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information

5 International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement  About the ICRC About the ICRC  Mandate Mandate  History History  International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement  ICRC worldwide ICRC worldwide  Principles Principles  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information Red Cross and Red Crescent National Societies: any time. Federation: natural disaster. ICRC:conflict.

6 ICRC worldwide  About the ICRC About the ICRC  Mandate Mandate  History History  International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement  ICRC worldwide ICRC worldwide ICRC worldwide  Principles Principles  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information Permanent presence in 79 countries. Operations in about 80.

7 Principles  About the ICRC About the ICRC  Mandate Mandate  History History  International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement  ICRC worldwide ICRC worldwide  Principles Principles  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information Humanity: to prevent and alleviate suffering of victims of armed conflicts and internal violence Impartiality: toward victims, non-discrimination, assistance needs based Neutrality: toward parties to the conflict, not taking sides Independence: not subordinate to a government or other organization

8 International Humanitarian Law  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information Limit to the effects of armed conflict. Protection to persons who are not or are no longer participating.

9 Emblem Indicative use (small dimension) Protective use (large dimension) Abuses  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information

10 Activities  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Protection Protection  Assistance Assistance  Preventive action Preventive action  Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy  Private sector relations Private sector relations  Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information Spreading knowledge of International Humanitarian Law. Carrying out practical activities to protect and assist people in need.

11 Protection  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Protection Protection  Civilian populationCivilian population  DetentionDetention  Restoring family linksRestoring family links  Assistance Assistance  Preventive action Preventive action  Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy  Private sector relations Private sector relations  Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information The concept of protection encompasses "all activities, aimed at obtaining full respect for the rights of the individual in accordance with the letter and the spirit of the relevant bodies of law.

12 Protection of the civilian population Civilians not taking part in the fighting must on no account be the object of attack and must be spared and protected.  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Protection Protection Civilian population Civilian population  Civilian populationCivilian population  DetentionDetention  Restoring family linksRestoring family links  Assistance Assistance  Preventive action Preventive action  Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy  Private sector relations Private sector relations  Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information

13 Visiting people deprived of their liberty  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Protection Protection  Civilian populationCivilian population Detention Detention  DetentionDetention  Restoring family linksRestoring family links  Assistance Assistance  Preventive action Preventive action  Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy  Private sector relations Private sector relations  Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information Preventive action and dialogue with the detaining authorities with a view to ensuring that people they hold are treated humanely.

14 Restoring family links  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Protection Protection  Civilian populationCivilian population  DetentionDetention Restoring family links Restoring family links  Restoring family linksRestoring family links  Assistance Assistance  Preventive action Preventive action  Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy  Private sector relations Private sector relations  Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information Preservation of the family unit is a universal right guaranteed by law. The ICRC does everything possible to reunite people separated by conflict

15 Assistance  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Protection Protection  Assistance Assistance  Economic securityEconomic security  Water & habitatWater & habitat  HealthHealth  Preventive action Preventive action  Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy  Private sector relations Private sector relations  Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information To protect victims' lives and health, to ease their plight and to ensure that the consequences of conflict do not jeopardize their future. Keeping sight of the ultimate aim of restoring people's ability to provide for themselves.

16 Economic security  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Protection Protection  Assistance Assistance Economic security Economic security  Economic securityEconomic security  Water & habitatWater & habitat  HealthHealth  Preventive action Preventive action  Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy  Private sector relations Private sector relations  Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information To ensure that the victims of war are able to maintain or regain their economic security at the household level.

17 Water and habitat  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Protection Protection  Assistance Assistance  Economic securityEconomic security Water & habitat Water & habitat  Water & habitatWater & habitat  HealthHealth  Preventive action Preventive action  Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy  Private sector relations Private sector relations  Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information To assure victims access to water for drinking and for domestic use. Preservation of the habitat that protects the population against environmental hazards. environmental hazards..

18 Health services  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Protection Protection  Assistance Assistance  Economic securityEconomic security  Water & habitatWater & habitat Health Health  HealthHealth  Preventive action Preventive action  Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy  Private sector relations Private sector relations  Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information To assure victims access to essential preventive and curative care of a universally accepted standard.

19 Preventive action  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Protection Protection  Assistance Assistance  Preventive action Preventive action Preventive action  Promotion of humanitarian law Promotion of humanitarian law  ICRC mine/unexploded ordnance awareness programmes ICRC mine/unexploded ordnance awareness programmes  Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy  Private sector relations Private sector relations  Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information To influence people's attitudes and behaviour so as to improve the protection of civilians and other victims in times of armed conflict, facilitate access to the victims and improve the security of humanitarian action

20 Promotion of humanitarian law  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Protection Protection  Assistance Assistance  Preventive action Preventive action  Promotion of humanitarian law Promotion of humanitarian law Promotion of humanitarian law  ICRC mine/unexploded ordnance awareness programmes ICRC mine/unexploded ordnance awareness programmes  Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy  Private sector relations Private sector relations  Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information Target audience: armed forces, police, security forces and other weapons bearers, decision-makers and opinion-leaders at local and international level and, with an eye to the future, teenagers, students and their teachers.

21 ICRC mine/unexploded ordnance (UXO) awareness programmes:  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Protection Protection  Assistance Assistance  Preventive action Preventive action  promotion of humanitarian law promotion of humanitarian law  ICRC mine/unexploded ordnance awareness programmes ICRC mine/unexploded ordnance awareness programmes ICRC mine/unexploded ordnance awareness programmes  Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy  Private sector relations Private sector relations  Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information To reduce the number of mine/UXO casualties by changing behaviour and promoting appropriate alternative long-term solutions.

22 Humanitarian diplomacy  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Protection Protection  Assistance Assistance  Preventive action Preventive action  Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy  Private sector relations Private sector relations  Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information To make the States aware of humanitarian problems and issues.

23 Private sector relations  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Protection Protection  Assistance Assistance  Preventive action Preventive action  Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy  Private sector relations Private sector relations Private sector relations  Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information To enhance its capacity to help the victims of war, and to promote humanitarian principles with companies operating in war-prone areas.

24 Cooperation with National Societies  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Protection Protection  Assistance Assistance  Preventive action Preventive action  Humanitarian diplomacy Humanitarian diplomacy  Private sector relations Private sector relations  Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies Cooperation with National Societies  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information Victims of conflict receive wider and more efficient services through the coordinated capacities of the various components of the Movement.

25 Civil-military relations in armed conflict  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Cooperation in practice Cooperation in practice  Resources Resources  More information More information The ICRC’s starting point in defining its relationship with the military is the Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross and Red Crescent as well as the relevant provisions of international humanitarian law.

26 Cooperation in practice  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Cooperation in practice Cooperation in practice Cooperation in practice  Resources Resources  More information More information Passive protection versus active one. Sticking to the Movement's principles.

27 Resources  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  Financing and budget Financing and budget  Human resources Human resources  ICRC in figures ICRC in figures  More information More information

28 Financing and budget  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  Financing and budget Financing and budget Financing and budget  Human resources Human resources  ICRC in figures ICRC in figures  More information More information ICRC expenditure in 2002 totalled million Swiss francs (146.8 million for headquarters and million for the field).

29 Human resources  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  Financing and budget Financing and budget  Human resources Human resources Human resources  ICRC in figures ICRC in figures  More information More information More than 1,200 expatriates backed up by some 9,000 local employees are currently on field missions for the ICRC.

30 ICRC in figures 2'002  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  Financing and budget Financing and budget  Human resources Human resources  ICRC in figures ICRC in figures ICRC in figures  More information More information

31  About the ICRC About the ICRC  International Humanitarian Law International Humanitarian Law  Emblem Emblem  Activities Activities  Civil-military relations in armed conflict Civil-military relations in armed conflict  Resources Resources  More information More information More information


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