Presentation on theme: "Sickle Cell Anemia Columbia County Medical Assistant Association."— Presentation transcript:
Sickle Cell Anemia Columbia County Medical Assistant Association
Sickle Cell Anemia Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder in which the red blood cells, normally disk- shaped, become crescent-shaped. This causes blood cells to function abnormally and causes small blood clots. These clots cause painful episodes called sickle cell crises.
Sickle Cell Crises Hemolytic crisis – damaged red blood cells break down Splenic sequestration crisis – spleen enlarges and traps blood cells Aplastic crisis – infection causes the bone marrow to stop producing red blood cells
Symptoms Bone pain Fatigue Paleness Ulcers on lower legs Jaundice Fever Yellow eyes/skin
Complications Infections – spleen damage from sickled red cells prevents the spleen from destroying bacteria in the blood Stroke – narrowed or blocked blood vessels in the brain can lead to life-threatening strokes Acute chest syndrome – caused by infection or trapped sickled cells in the lung
Additional Treatments Dialysis or kidney transplant for kidney disease Surgery for eye problems Gallbladder removal for significant gallstone disease Partial exchange transfusion for acute chest syndrome
Precautions Avoid the following: – Strenuous physical activity – Environments with low oxygen count – Emotional stress Avoid sources of infection Maintain proper hydration